Back Pain Quotes
How can I enjoy life with back pain?
How Do Doctors Treat Back Pain? – Your treatment may depend on why you have back pain and what kind of pain you have. Most acute back pain usually gets better after a few weeks of home treatment. Your doctor may recommend the following to help manage your back pain.
Use cold packs to help with pain and hot packs to increase blood flow and help you heal. Do not lay down all day. Instead, limit activities or exercise that cause pain or make it worse. Slowly increase your activity as you are able. Use over-the-counter and prescription pain relievers for severe pain as directed by your doctor. Get physical therapy to help strengthen muscles and improve your posture. Check with your doctor or physical therapist before starting any exercise routine. Practice healthy habits such as getting regular sleep, eating a healthy diet, and quitting smoking.
You may want to try other types of therapies or treatments, such as:
Massage and adjustment of the spine and muscles by a professionally trained doctor or therapist. A device that sends mild electrical pulses to the nerves through pads that are placed on your skin. Acupuncture, which is a Chinese practice that uses thin needles to help relieve pain.
Doctors may consider surgery to treat your back pain if other treatments have not helped. However, surgery is not right for everyone, even if the pain persists. The type of surgery your doctor recommends depends on the cause of your pain and your medical history.
Does chronic back pain ever go away?
Why Chronic Back Pain Doesn’t Go Away On Its Own You probably don’t want to hear it, but if you have been dealing with back pain for longer than 2-6 weeks, it likely isn’t going away on its own. There are 2 general categories of back pain, acute and chronic. Acute back pain may last from a few days to a few weeks and is often caused by sudden injury to the soft tissue of the back.
Pain may be caused by muscle spasms or a strain or tear in the muscles and ligaments. You know, the kind of strain or tear you get when you shovel snow for several hours after the first winter storm or when you jump into a basketball game after watching from the sidelines for several years. Acute back pain often resolves on its own with rest, ice or heat, and possibly over the counter medication for inflammation.
It can be inconvenient, but given enough time, the muscle or ligament injury generally resolves on its own. But sometimes it doesn’t. Back pain that lasts longer than 6-12 weeks is considered chronic and is one of the main reasons people visit their doctor, second only to colds and flu.
- It accounts for up to 264 million lost work days per year and is the leading cause of disability.
- Without proper help, chronic back pain generally does not improve on its own and may be with you for years, limiting your ability to work and enjoy life.
- We see a lot of people with chronic low back pain here in the clinic.
Many of them come with a diagnosis of degenerative, bulging, or herniated disc conditions, stenosis, sciatica, or even possible fusions in their future. A diagnosis can describe what is changing in the spine and contributing to pain, but it often does little to describe WHY the changes are happening and what can be done to reverse them.
- That is where we come in.
- The root cause of most back pain is not in the spine.
- Yet most back pain solutions focus on the back of the body.
- Some even focus solely on the area of pain.
- You may find temporary relief with chiropractic adjustments, massage, heat, ice, or acupuncture.
- But any solution that ignores the role and health of the connective (myofascial) tissue system of the body will only ever be temporary in its results.
Back problems happen when connective tissue tightens, thickens, glues, and adheres anywhere in the body, pulling bony structures into misalignment, twisting through the spine, neck, ribs, pelvis, and shoulders, and eventually showing up as low back pain. When back pain doesn’t go away on its own, it likely won’t without some expert help addressing troubles in the connective tissue system and their effect on the entirety of your body. Thorough resolution will require a recovery program that helps reset the autonomic nervous system and tension levels of the body, restores fluidity and plasticity to the fascial system, and retrains movement and strength in a more proper alignment.
- If you are struggling with back pain, please don’t ignore what is happening in your body.
- There is much you can do to get started on your own.
- And when you are ready for more help, let’s talk.
- My kids have heard me say for years that sitting is evil! It is one of the quickest ways for me to a head that aches and throbs and a low back that is stiff and sore.
Sometimes, sitting for even a few hours is enough to trigger a low back ache. I think most : Why Chronic Back Pain Doesn’t Go Away On Its Own
Is back pain emotional pain?
Psychology of Back Pain – International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) 1.Psychological factors are commonly associated with chronic low back pain Psychological and social factors not only affect back pain itself but also how much the pain impacts on one’s life.
- For example, the presence of depressive symptoms can make back pain worse and increase the disability associated with back pain,
- People with back (or neck) pain are more likely than people without back pain to meet criteria for common mental health problems, including major depressive episodes, anxiety disorders (odds ratio vary from 2.1 to 2.8),
The coexistence of mental health conditions with back pain is associated with impaired quality of life and increased risk of chronicity, While mechanisms underlying these associations are not fully understood, treatments of chronic back pain have expanded to include relevant psychological processes.
- Some well-known psychological risk factors for back pain onset and maintenance 2.
- Avoidance behavior in response to chronic pain may be unhelpful and contribute to pain maintenance Many people with back pain will avoid certain movements or activities because they worry about injury or increased pain.
These reactions can be helpful in response to acute injury to protect body tissues during the healing process. However, these same avoidance behaviours in response to chronic pain become unhelpful because protection and healing are no longer needed. Avoidance then becomes part of the cycle of pain maintenance,
In turn, this avoidance can lead to cycles of increasing pain and disability, as described in the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Model (FABM), A variety of self-report questionnaires can be used to assess avoidance-related beliefs and behaviors in the context of back pain, and there are several treatment strategies that specifically aim to reduce fear of pain and reinjury,3.
Behavioral overactivity and dysfunctional persistence can also hinder healing process and increase functional limitations Just as avoidance behaviors can lead to pain chronicity, so can the opposite patterns. It appears that behavioral overactivity and dysfunctional persistence with activities despite severe pain can hinder healing process and lead to increased pain and functional limitations,4.
High levels of catastrophizing and low self-efficacy are both risk factors for development and maintenance of chronic low back pain Pain catastrophizing is defined as “an exaggerated negative mental set brought to bear during actual or anticipated painful experience” characterized by a preoccupation with worrying, distracting, and distressing thoughts about pain.
The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) was developed as a self report questionnaire to assess this phenomenon for use in research and clinical care, The PCS includes three subscales: rumination (“I can’t stop thinking about how much it works”), magnification (“I worry that something serious may happen”), and helplessness (“It’s awful and I feel that it overwhelms me”),
- Self-efficacy is “concerned with judgments of how well one can execute courses of action required to deal with prospective situations”,
- This concept appears to be consistently associated with various aspects of the pain experience including severity, disability and affective distress among individuals with chronic pain (83 studies including 23 studies in low back pain),
People who lack confidence in their ability to do things despite pain, or their ability to manage their own pain, are typically more disabled by it and in more pain, than those who are confident they can do things despite their pain.5. Psychological distress is a common reaction to chronic low back pain that can in turn contribute to increased disability Both acute and chronic back pain can be associated with psychological distress in the form of anxiety (worries, stress) or depression (sadness, discouragement).
Psychological distress is a common reaction to the suffering aspects of acute back pain, even when symptoms are short-term and not medically serious, In turn, this distress is associated with hormonal and neural processes consistent with protecting ourselves. Through these processes, distress usually makes pain worse over time, and increases the disability caused by pain,
This means that when people with back pain are also distressed, treating their distress should also help their back pain, Selected psychological approaches in global back pain treatment It is important to include psychosocial screening and diagnostics when assessing an individual with back pain.
This can support better tailoring of treatment to patient needs. For example, the PCS scale has been used to screen patients for pain beliefs that can complicate treatment or contribute to poor outcomes, Some psychological treatments for back pain management are specifically designed with the goal of reducing pain catastrophizing and improving function,6.
Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation for chronic low back pain may be considered for individuals presenting with significant psychosocial impact. Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation for chronic low back pain was found to be more effective than usual care or physical treatment alone in reducing low back pain and disability.
- Effect sizes are overall modest however, and there does not seem to be a dose-response effect,
- There is no evidence that such treatment approach help prevent the transition from acute to chronic low back pain,
- Many psychological risk factors for the maintenance of back pain involve thinking processes (e.g., catastrophizing or self-efficacy) or behaviors (e.g., avoidance).
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychological treatment that targets cognitive and behavioral processes assumed to underlie suffering and disability such as cognitive distortions and maladaptive behaviors. CBT has been studied in the context of many chronic pain conditions,
- Specific to back pain, a meta-analysis showed that CBT, compared to no treatment or other guideline-based active treatments, leads to long-term improvement in many dimensions of the pain experience, including pain intensity, disability and quality of life,7.
- A treatment approach referred to as Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) may be an effective treatment option for people with chronic low back pain.
Mindfulness is regarded as an awareness or attention skill that includes being focused in the present, in a way that is open and accepting of experience and includes seeing distinctions between self and experience. In the context of pain, it includes being directly aware of pain sensations without resistance and without getting caught up in judgments about the pain.
- RCT evidence shows that people with chronic back pain trained in mindfulness, compared to usual care, report less disability and find their pain less bothersome immediately following treatment and one year later,
- In this study MBSR appeared as effective as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
- Results in back pain are similar to results from meta-analyses of mindfulness-based approaches to chronic pain in general, where these approaches are found to improve pain, depression, and quality of life (38 RCTs, ).
Psychological protective factors Acceptance means to engage in activities that include pain and to do so in a way that does not include resisting the pain or trying to reduce it. Experimental evidence shows that, relative to instructions to attempt to control pain, instructions to accept it lead to better performance in physical tasks,
Roughly, accepting pain appears to help because it allows people to do what they want to do rather than struggling with pain. We know that treatments focused on increasing acceptance are effective in chronic pain in general, acceptance improves during such treatments and is associated with improvements in outcomes, and even treatments not explicitly focused on increasing acceptance show increased acceptance in those people with chronic pain who benefit most,8.
Self-compassion is more recently studied and may be a positive factor in adjusting to back pain particularly in relation to effects of self-criticism or blame There are many ways for people with back pain to self-regulate during the inevitable physical, social, and emotional challenges of this condition.
One of these includes treating oneself with kindness and understanding in the context of suffering, which is also called self-compassion. Preliminary uncontrolled trial evidence demonstrates that brief self-compassion training is associated with reduced pain and disability, increased self-compassion and interoceptive awareness, decreased evoked pressure pain responses, as well as significant changes on fMRI in response to pain anticipation,
These results are consistent with other studies that show that self-compassion is negatively associated with anxiety, depression, stress, pain interference, and work and social adjustment in people with chronic pain and with results from a systematic review of self-compassion interventions in chronic physical health conditions in general,
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS MG Pagé is a Junior 1 research scholar from the Fonds de recherche du Québec en santé. AUTHORS Lance M. McCracken, PhD, Professor of clinical psychology, Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden, Steven Linton, PhD, Post retirement professor, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Orebro University, Orebro, Sweden, William Shaw, PhD, Associate professor and Division chief, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Departments of Medicine and Public Health Sciences, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, United States; Gabrielle Pagé*, PhD, Assistant professor and research scholar, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, & Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Science, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada; REVIEWERS Lorimer Moseley AO Chair in Physiotherapy UniSA Allied Health & Human Performance University of South Australia Australia
Prof. Dr. Monika I Hasenbring Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, Faculty of Medicine, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Germany Faculty of Health Science, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark : Psychology of Back Pain – International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP)
Do I rest for back pain?
Low back pain refers to pain that you feel in your lower back. You may also have back stiffness, decreased movement of the lower back, and difficulty standing straight. There are many things you can do at home to help your back feel better and prevent future back pain.
Stop normal physical activity for only the first few days. This helps calm your symptoms and reduce swelling (inflammation) in the area of the pain.Apply heat or ice to the painful area. Use ice for the first 48 to 72 hours, and then use heat.Take over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB) or acetaminophen (Tylenol).Sleep in a curled-up, fetal position with a pillow between your legs. If you usually sleep on your back, place a pillow or rolled towel under your knees to relieve pressure.Do not do activities that involve heavy lifting or twisting of your back for the first 6 weeks after the pain begins.Do not exercise in the days right after the pain begins. After 2 to 3 weeks, slowly begin to exercise again. A physical therapist can teach you which exercises are right for you.
EXERCISE TO PREVENT FUTURE BACK PAIN Through exercise you can:
Improve your postureStrengthen your back and abdomen, and improve flexibilityLose weight Avoid falls
A complete exercise program should include aerobic activity such as walking, swimming, or riding a stationary bicycle. It should also include stretching and strength training. Follow the instructions of your health care provider or physical therapist. Begin with light cardiovascular training.
Walking, riding an upright stationary bicycle (not the recumbent kind), and swimming are great examples. These types of aerobic activities can help improve blood flow to your back and promote healing. They also strengthen muscles in your stomach and back. Stretching and strengthening exercises are important in the long run.
Keep in mind that starting these exercises too soon after an injury can make your pain worse. Strengthening your abdominal muscles can ease the stress on your back. A physical therapist can help you determine when to begin stretching and strengthening exercises and how to do them.
JoggingContact sportsRacquet sportsGolfDancingWeight liftingLeg lifts when lying on your stomachSit-ups
TAKING MEASURES TO PREVENT FUTURE BACK PAIN To prevent back pain, learn to lift and bend properly. Follow these tips:
If an object is too heavy or awkward, get help.Spread your feet apart to give you a wide base of support.Stand as close as possible to the object you are lifting.Bend at your knees, not at your waist.Tighten your stomach muscles as you lift or lower the object.Hold the object as close to your body as you can.Lift using your leg muscles.As you stand up while holding the object, do not bend forward. Try to keep your back straight.Do not twist while you are bending to reach for the object, lifting it up, or carrying it.
Other measures to prevent back pain include:
Avoid standing for long periods. If you must stand for your work, place a stool by your feet. Alternate resting each foot on the stool.Do not wear high heels. Wear shoes that have cushioned soles when walking.When sitting, especially if using a computer, make sure that your chair has a straight back with an adjustable seat and back, armrests, and a swivel seat.Use a stool under your feet while sitting so that your knees are higher than your hips.Place a small pillow or rolled towel behind your lower back while sitting or driving for long periods.If you drive long-distance, stop and walk around every hour. Do not lift heavy objects just after a long ride.Quit smoking.Lose weight.Do exercises to strengthen your abdominal muscles. This will strengthen your core to decrease the risk of further injuries.Learn to relax. Try methods such as yoga, tai chi, or massage.
Back strain treatment; Back pain – home care; Low back pain – home care; Lumbar pain – home care; LBP – home care; Sciatic – home care Corwell BN, Davis NL. Back pain. In: Walls RM, ed. Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice,10th ed.
Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2023:chap 31. El Abd OH, Amadera JED. Low back strain or sprain. In: Frontera WR, Silver JK, Rizzo TD Jr, eds. Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Musculoskeletal Disorders, Pain, and Rehabilitation,4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2019:chap 48. Ibrahim M, Hurlbert RJ.
Nonsurgical and postsurgical management of low back pain. In: Winn HR, ed. Youmans & Winn Neurological Surgery,8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2023:chap 312. Updated by: Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Clinical Professor, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
Why do people struggle with back pain?
Low back pain caused by spinal degeneration and injury. – Click here for an infographic to learn more Back pain often develops without a cause that shows up in a test or imaging study. Conditions commonly linked to back pain include:
- Muscle or ligament strain. Repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement can strain back muscles and spinal ligaments. For people in poor physical condition, constant strain on the back can cause painful muscle spasms.
- Bulging or ruptured disks. Disks act as cushions between the bones in the spine. The soft material inside a disk can bulge or rupture and press on a nerve. However, a bulging or ruptured disk might not cause back pain. Disk disease is often found on spine X-rays, CT scans or MRIs done for another reason.
- Arthritis. Osteoarthritis can affect the lower back. In some cases, arthritis in the spine can lead to a narrowing of the space around the spinal cord, a condition called spinal stenosis.
- Osteoporosis. The spine’s vertebrae can develop painful breaks if the bones become porous and brittle.
- Ankylosing spondylitis, also called axial spondyloarthritis. This inflammatory disease can cause some of the bones in the spine to fuse. This makes the spine less flexible.