Can A Pregnant Woman Use Clove To Treat Infection

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Can A Pregnant Woman Use Clove To Treat Infection
Is it safe to eat clove during pregnancy? – Health experts confirm that cloves in the powdered or whole form are safe to eat during pregnancy. But, clove essential oil or clove enhancements may not be safe. Overindulgence with cloves for medicinal purposes such as colds, toothaches, and coughs is NOT recommended either.

What are the side effects of cloves during pregnancy?

Side-effects of having cloves during pregnancy – Having an unchecked amount of cloves during pregnancy can also have some side effects, particularly when used as oil or in the form of supplements.

Clove oil, when consumed in large quantities, may potentially stimulate the uterus and cause contractions, resulting in premature labour. Some women are also allergic to cloves, causing reactions and unwanted complications. If you see any reactions on your body, then stop consuming it immediately. Having too much clove can also lead to other complications such as intestinal bleeding, breathing problems, diarrhoea, seizures, abdominal pain, nausea, increased mouth sensitivity, vomiting, and, in extreme cases, kidney failure.

What if I have an infection while pregnant?

CMV in pregnancy – CMV (cytomegalovirus) is a common virus that’s part of the herpes group, which can also cause cold sores and chickenpox. CMV infections are common in young children. Infection can be dangerous during pregnancy as it can cause problems for unborn babies, such as hearing loss, visual impairment or blindness, learning difficulties and epilepsy.

washing your hands regularly with soap and hot water, particularly if you have been changing nappies, or work in a nursery or daycare centrenot kissing young children on the face – it’s better to kiss them on the head or give them a hugnot sharing food or cutlery with young children, and not drinking from the same glass as them

This is particularly important if you have a job that brings you into close contact with young children. In this case, you can have a blood test to find out whether you have previously been infected with CMV. Find out more about cytomegalovirus

Who should avoid cloves?

Taking clove oil might cause bleeding in people with bleeding disorders. Surgery: Cloves contain chemicals that might affect blood sugar levels and slow blood clotting. It might interfere with blood sugar control or cause bleeding during or after surgery. Stop using clove at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Can I drink cloves water?

Can I drink clove water every day? – Clove water is safe to drink in moderation. However, drinking too much clove water can cause side effects such as stomach upset and diarrhea. If you experience any of these side effects, stop drinking clove water and see your doctor.

Can a pregnant woman take clove and garlic?

3. Reducing the risk of high blood pressure – Pre-eclampsia or high blood pressure is a potentially harmful condition that affects nearly one in 10 pregnant women. Garlic lowers the risk of having high blood pressure in pregnant women by reducing oxidative stress or inhibiting platelet aggregation.

Is it safe to treat infection while pregnant?

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) – Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a group of bacteria that come and go in the body but often frequent the vagina and rectum. They do not typically cause symptoms or even an infection. However, women who have GBS in their bodies when they give birth may pass it to their babies.

Mothers who have GBS will pass it on to their babies in 1 to 2 percent of cases. Although uncommon, GBS in a newborn can be fatal. Testing between the beginning of week 36 and the end of week 37 of pregnancy can detect GBS and is a standard part of most prenatal care. Treatment with antibiotics through a needle in a vein (IV antibiotics) can significantly reduce the risk of a GBS infection passing to the baby.

An infection in the uterus can be dangerous for a variety of reasons. The infection may affect the placenta, harm the developing baby, cause premature labor, or lead to birth abnormalities. Uterine infections can also make labor more dangerous and difficult.

Some individuals experience organ failure and other life-threatening complications. Uterine infections often develop when bacteria from the vagina travels to the uterus, so an untreated vaginal infection is a risk factor for uterine infections. A person is more susceptible to uterine infections if their membranes rupture during an extended labor.

Treatment includes antibiotics and may require hospitalization. If a fever develops during labor, a doctor or midwife will monitor the fetus. If the symptoms are severe, the doctor may recommend a cesarean delivery. Pregnancy causes many changes in the body, making people more susceptible to complications from many infections.

For example, hormone-related skin changes during pregnancy can cause conditions such as eczema or severely dry skin. If the skin cracks open and bleeds, a serious skin infection, such as cellulitis, can develop. A rare skin disorder called Sweet’s syndrome is also more common during pregnancy than at other times.

Some other infections that may be more serious during pregnancy include :

the flu hepatitis E, which is a typically mild viral form of hepatitis herpes, including herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella zoster virus (VZV) Listeria, which can cause food poisoning measles HIV

The increased risk of these infections during pregnancy is not well understood but may be due to hormone and other changes that alter the number of blood cells in the body. For example, late in pregnancy, T cells that help fight infection decrease in number,

  • Pregnancy also causes increased blood circulation and demands on the heart.
  • These demands can also worsen complications.
  • For example, if a pregnant person develops pneumonia from the flu, they may have more difficulty breathing because of the increased demands the fetus places on the heart and lungs.
  • Some medications that can effectively treat common infections may be less safe during pregnancy.

So it is essential that pregnant people who have an infection talk to their doctor or midwife to weigh up the benefits and risks of various treatment options. Numerous infections can affect the developing baby. However, it is difficult for doctors to tell whether and to what extent a fetus will be affected.

They may harm the mother, making her body less able to nurture the baby or requiring the use of drugs that may harm a fetus.They can directly harm the baby by causing changes that lead to birth abnormalities.They can trigger premature labor or a miscarriage,

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), infections that are known to harm the developing baby include, but are not exclusive to:

bacterial vaginosis, which might cause preterm laborcontagious diseases, such as hepatitis, syphilis, herpes, and HIV, which can infect the fetuschlamydia, which can cause eye infections and pneumonia gonorrhea, which can contaminate the amniotic fluid, cause preterm labor, and lead to eye infections and possible blindnessfifth disease, which can trigger a miscarriage or cause fetal anemia group B streptococcus, which can cause severe complications in newborns, and in rare cases can be fataltoxoplasmosis, which can cause birth abnormalities and intellectual disabilities Listeria, which can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, and birth abnormalities cytomegalovirus, which is often harmless but can also cause birth abnormalities and intellectual disabilities Zika, which is usually mild, can cause pregnancy loss or birth abnormalities in an infant

Zika infection, which is a disease carried by mosquitoes, may cause birth abnormalities and increase the risk for stillbirths and miscarriages in those who have the virus. However, it is unclear why some fetuses are affected, and others are not. Other infections may also harm a developing baby, depending on the overall health of the pregnant person, when the infection developed, and whether the person has received treatment.

avoiding travel to areas where Zika is prevalent, and using bug spray to prevent mosquito bitesusing a condom and asking a partner to be tested for sexually transmitted infections (STIs)washing hands carefully and diligentlyavoiding people who have contagious infectionsgetting a flu shotavoiding unpasteurized foodsasking someone else to change the cat littertesting for STDs and group B strep

Most people who experience an infection during pregnancy will not experience complications. Prompt treatment increases the likelihood of a healthy birth. Anyone who experiences any unusual symptoms during their pregnancy should talk to their doctor or midwife. Prenatal care is also crucial since it can detect certain infections even before they cause symptoms.

Can a bacterial infection hurt my unborn baby?

Overview – This article focuses on common bacterial infections in pregnancy and describes the manifestations of these infections and the therapies used to treat them. Bacterial infections can affect pregnant women from implantation of the fertilized ovum through the time of delivery and peripartum period.

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What are the most common infections in pregnancy?

Infectious Diseases in Pregnancy US Pharm,2020;45(9):22-26. ABSTRACT: Infectious diseases are disorders caused by pathogenic microorganisms (e.g., bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites) that may be transmitted directly or indirectly by various sources.

  • Some infections may be harmful, but some may be harmless; all may be preventable.
  • Certain patient populations may also be more susceptible to infections, including pregnant women.
  • During pregnancy, some common infections that may occur are the flu, vaginal yeast infections, uterine infections, group B streptococcus, bacterial vaginosis, and listeria.

Changes in immune function may cause this increased risk of infection, and if left untreated, may lead to serious complications. Complications from severe infections during pregnancy may include preterm birth, low birth weight, birth defects, learning problems, and possibly pregnancy loss.

Prevention, early detection, and treatment are vital to help minimize and eliminate these complications. Infectious diseases are disorders caused by pathogenic microorganisms (e.g., bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites) that may be transmitted directly or indirectly by various sources (e.g., person to person, insects, animals, environment, food, water).

Some infections may be harmful, but some may be harmless; all may be preventable. Certain patient populations, including pregnant women, may also be more susceptible to infections.1 During pregnancy, some common infections that may occur are influenza, vaginal yeast infections, eczema, herpes, uterine infections, group B streptococcus (GBS), bacterial vaginosis (BV), and listeria.

Changes in immune function, such as reduction in T- and B-cell activity and natural killer–cell activity and increases in dendritic-cell activity, may cause this increased risk of infection.2,3 However, immune-system changes during pregnancy are not fully understood, and more data are needed.4 The severity of some infections, such as influenza, GBS, sexually transmitted diseases, urinary tract infections, and Zika virus, may also increase with advancing pregnancy.4 Complications from severe infections during pregnancy may include preterm birth, low birth weight, birth defects, learning problems, and possibly pregnancy loss.5-7 Prevention, early detection, and treatment are vital to help minimize and eliminate these complications with multiple available prevention and treatment strategies.

The problem lies with growing and novel pathogens, as data are limited to devise a response plan to emerging infections such as the current pandemic.4,8

Can infection hurt pregnancy?

Some infections before and during pregnancy can hurt both you and your developing fetus. They can cause serious illness, birth defects, and lifelong disabilities, such as hearing loss or learning problems. Here are 10 tips to help prevent infections before and during pregnancy:

  1. Protect yourself from Zika virus. Zika virus can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus during pregnancy or to her baby around the time of birth. Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause microcephaly (a birth defect where a baby’s head and brain are smaller than babies of the same age and sex) and other severe brain defects.
    • If you are pregnant, do not travel to areas with Zika,
      • If you must travel to an area with Zika, talk to your doctor or other healthcare provider first and strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites during the trip.
      • If you have a partner who lives in or has traveled to an area with Zika, use condoms from start to finish, every time you have sex (vaginal, anal, or oral) to protect against infection or do not have sex during the pregnancy.
    • If you are trying to become pregnant
      • Talk with your healthcare provider before traveling to areas with Zika and strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites during the trip,
      • See CDC’s advice for men and women who are thinking about pregnancy,
  2. Wash your hands with soap and water after the following:
    • Using the bathroom
    • Touching raw meat, raw eggs, or unwashed vegetables
    • Preparing food and eating
    • Gardening or touching dirt or soil
    • Handling pets
    • Being around people who are sick
    • Getting saliva (spit) on your hands
    • Caring for and playing with children
    • Changing diapers Learn more about washing your hands,
  3. Reduce contact with saliva and urine from babies and young children A common virus called cytomegalovirus (CMV) can cause problems for some babies, including microcephaly and hearing loss. A woman who is infected with CMV can pass the virus to her developing baby during pregnancy. Women may be able to lessen their risk of getting CMV by reducing contact with saliva and urine from babies and young children. Some ways to do this are by not sharing food and utensils with babies and young children, and washing hands after changing diapers. These actions can’t eliminate your risk of getting CMV, but may lessen your chances of getting it.
  4. Avoid unpasteurized (raw) milk and foods made from it. Do not eat soft cheeses, such as feta, brie, and queso fresco, unless they have labels that say they are pasteurized. Unpasteurized products can contain harmful bacteria. Learn more about Listeria,
  5. Do not touch or change dirty cat litter. Have someone else do it. If you must change the cat litter yourself, be sure to wear gloves and wash your hands afterwards. Dirty cat litter might contain a harmful parasite. Learn more about toxoplasmosis,
  6. Stay away from wild or pet rodents and their droppings. Have a pest control professional get rid of pests in or around your home. If you have a pet rodent, like a hamster or guinea pig, have someone else care for it until after your baby arrives. Some rodents might carry a harmful virus. Learn more about lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV),
  7. Get tested for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as HIV and hepatitis B, and protect yourself from them. Some people that have HIV, hepatitis B, or an STD do not feel sick. Knowing if you have one of these diseases is important. If you do, talk to your healthcare provider about reducing the chance that your baby will become sick. Learn more about STDs,
  8. Talk to your healthcare provider about vaccinations (shots). Some vaccinations are recommended before you become pregnant, during pregnancy, or right after delivery. Having the right vaccinations at the right time can help keep you healthy and help keep your baby from getting very sick or having life-long health problems. Learn more about vaccinations,
  9. Avoid people who have an infection. If you have not yet had or did not have the vaccine before pregnancy, stay away from people who you know have infections, such as chickenpox or rubella. Learn more about chickenpox,
  10. Ask your doctor about group B strep. About 1 in 4 women carry this type of bacteria, but do not feel sick. An easy swab test near the end of pregnancy will show if you have this type of bacteria. If you do have group B strep, talk to your healthcare provider about how to protect your baby during labor. Learn more about group B streptococcus,

These tips can help you prevent infections that could harm you and your developing baby. You will not always know if you have an infection and sometimes you will not feel sick. If you think you might have an infection or think you are at risk, see your healthcare provider.

What infections cause birth defects?

Toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus (CMV), varicella, rubella, and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) are among the agents that are recognized to have the potential to cause birth defects in a developing fetus.

Does pregnancy increase infection?

Why pregnant women are more susceptible to infection – Pregnancy affects every system in your body. Changes in hormone levels and immune system function can make you more vulnerable to infections and serious complications. Labor and delivery are especially susceptible times for both you and your baby.

What is the danger of clove?

Side Effects of Clove (Laung ) : – The side effects associated with clove use are given below.

Clove’s side effects caused by smoking clove cigarettes include haemorrhagic pulmonary oedema, bronchitis, pneumonia, occupational allergic contact dermatitis, and central nervous system depression.5 Clove oil used in low doses may have side effects like rare allergic reactions, local irritation, and contact dermatitis.Eating or exposure to a large amount can cause tissue injury and a syndrome of acute onset of seizures, damage to the liver and kidneys, and coma.6

Before using clove or any herb for its health benefits, talk to your healthcare provider about the possible side effects associated with its use. It will help you avoid unwanted side effects.

How do you use cloves as antibiotics?

Spray – Using the oil as a spray is an easy way to add the spicy scent of clove to a room. Or perhaps you’d like to make use of clove oil’s antimicrobial properties and use it as a mild disinfectant. To make a clove spray:

  1. Add several drops of clove oil to water. The National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy (NAHA) suggests 10 to 15 drops per ounce of water.
  2. Since essential oils don’t dissolve in water, you may want to add a dispersing agent such as solubol to the solution as well.
  3. Be sure to shake the bottle well before spraying.

Do cloves fight bacteria?

– Cloves have been shown to have antimicrobial properties, meaning they can help stop the growth of microorganisms like bacteria ( 14 ). One test-tube study showed that clove essential oil killed three common types of bacteria, including E. coli, which is a strain of bacteria that can cause food poisoning ( 15 ).

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What’s more, the antibacterial properties of cloves could even help promote oral health, In one test-tube study, the compounds extracted from cloves were found to stop the growth of two types of bacteria that contribute to gum disease ( 16 ). Another study in 40 people tested the effects of an herbal mouthwash consisting of tea tree oil, cloves, and basil.

After using the herbal mouthwash for 21 days, they showed improvements in gum health, as well as the amount of plaque and bacteria in the mouth ( 17 ). In combination with regular brushing and proper oral hygiene, the antibacterial effects of cloves may benefit your oral health.

Can cloves cure urinary tract infection?

3. Clove – Clove ( Syzygium aromaticum, syn. Eugenia caryophyllata ) is a plant used for centuries as a food preservative and for many medicinal purposes. It belongs to the family of Myrtaceae, the subfamily Myrtoideae, and the tribe Syzygieae, It is native to Maluku Island in Indonesia.

  • However, today it is cultivated in various parts of the world, especially in countries with tropical and subtropical environments, such as Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Tanzania, Malaysia, Madagascar, and Pakistan,
  • Its dried buttons (flowers that have not yet opened) are called cloves or gyrofles and are used as a spice in kitchens worldwide,

In Mexican cuisine, cloves are widely used to season sweet and salty foods. In salty stews, it is included whole or ground in moles, marinades, and other dishes. As for desserts, it is used above all in fruit syrups such as guava candy. Cloves are a valuable source of phenolic compounds such as glycosides, flavonoids (kaempferol and quercetin), saponins, tannins, and EOs.

  1. Gallic acid is the phenolic acid with the highest concentration (783.50 mg/100 g fresh weight), although researchers also find caffeic, ferulic, and salicylic acids in smaller quantities,
  2. However, the main bioactive component of cloves is eugenol, an allyl chain substituted guaiac that is a member of the allylbenzene class of chemical compounds, and is present in concentrations ranging from 9381.70 to 14,650.00 mg/100 g fresh plant weight,

In medicine, various therapeutic properties have been attributed to clove, including antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, antistress, antidiabetic, antinociceptive, anesthetic, and even anticancer activities,

  • Clove has also been widely used to treat UTIs due to its wide range of antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria,
  • Table 2 shows the antimicrobial activity of the different clove extracts.
  • Among the most used clove extracts to treat UTIs is clove oil, an aromatic oil extracted from the buds and leaves of S.

aromaticum trees. It is traditionally obtained by hydrodistillation, steam distillation, or solvent extraction. These processes are inexpensive but can induce thermal degradation, hydrolysis, and water solubilization of some fragrance components, Some authors have also carried out clove oil extraction with CO 2, which offers significant advantages over traditional methods.

  • For example, the higher percentage of eugenol active antioxidant ingredients and a shorter extraction time, among others,
  • Clove oil has been highly successful against the bacteria responsible for UTIs.
  • For example, it has been reported that after 8 h of treatment with clove oil, the population of E.
  • Coli and S.

aureus is reduced by 99.999% and 99.9999%, respectively, Additionally, in a study conducted with 60 clinical isolates from the urine of UTIs patients, clove EO was found to be more effective against E. coli strains than against K. pneumoniae strains. This is because the growth inhibition of E.

  • Coli was 24.5 (22.75–28) mm, while for K.
  • Pneumoniae it was only 22 (20–24) mm,
  • In fact, clove oil has been reported to kill E.
  • Coli resistant to recommended antibiotics,
  • The efficacy of EOs differs from one type of oil to another and from the target bacteria, depending on their structure (Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria),

However, in a study comparing clove oil with cinnamon, bell pepper, thyme, oregano, and rosemary oils, clove oil was reported to be the most effective in inhibiting the growth of S. typhi, S. aureus, and P. aeruginosa, Furthermore, it has been observed that mixing clove oil vapor with cinnamon oil vapor antagonistically inhibits the growth of E.

coli, In contrast, both oils exerted a synergistic effect for inhibiting Listeria monocytogeneses, Bacillus cereus, and Yersinia enterocolitica, when the maximum inhibition concentrations are used, So far, there are few studies on the antibacterial mechanism of clove oil, especially at the molecular level.

However, previous studies report that clove oil could be destroying the integrity of cell membranes, which triggers the egress of biological macromolecules and intracellular enzymes and interferes with protein synthesis, Clove oil may also affect bacteria by slowing respiratory metabolism.

  • Clove oil treatment has decreased the intracellular ATP of E.
  • Coli and S.
  • Aureus by up to 76.23% and 71.55%, respectively.
  • In addition, in this same study, a decrease in nucleic acids was observed, indicating that clove oil affects the permeability of the cell membrane,
  • In another study on L.
  • Monocytogeneses, clove oil was reported to reduce the activity of three key enzymes (isocitrate dehydrogenase, citrate synthase, and α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase) in the citric acid cycle pathway, affecting the content of metabolites in the pathway.

In addition, it has been shown that eugenol, the main component of clove oil, can change the structure of DNA through the formation of eugenol-DNA chimeras, Another preparation that has been used against UTIs is the phytochemical extraction of the clove spice, which can be carried out by aqueous-ethanolic maceration.

  • Previous studies have shown that 80% ethanol effectively extracts most bioactive phytochemical compounds, especially flavonoids,
  • In fact, a study comparing extraction with different solvents in spices reported that the 80% ethanol extraction method has the highest inhibition towards Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria,

To prepare the ethanolic extract of cloves, the spices are washed with sterile water and subsequently dried at 40 °C. Then, the clove is ground with a blender to a fine powder. Finally, a maceration with 80% ethanol is carried out, and the filtrate is concentrated using a rotary evaporator,

  • A recent study demonstrated that ethanolic extract of clove (2000 μg) exhibited broad-spectrum inhibition against Gram-negative and Gram-positive UTIs-causing pathogens: P.
  • Mirabilis (19.7 mm), Staphylococcus epidermidis (18 mm), S.
  • Aureus (14.7 mm), E.
  • Coli (12.7 mm), K.
  • Pneumoniae (12.3 mm) (depending on the size of the inhibition halo),

Interestingly, the comparison between ethanolic clove extract and commercial clove EO revealed that the former demonstrated more potent antimicrobial and antioxidant properties at a similar concentration of eugenol. However, Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) indicates that the ethanolic extract has a lower concentration of eugenol than the EO, suggesting that eugenol is not the only compound responsible for the antimicrobial effect observed for the ethanolic extract,

In another study where 221 Gram-negative bacteria were isolated and the production of b-lactamases, enzymes responsible for resistance to b-lactam antibiotics, was analyzed, it was reported that the ethanolic extract of cloves was effective against all Gram-negative isolates. However, the best antibacterial activity was shown against P.

mirabilis species with an inhibition halo of 19 mm. Likewise, it was found that the ethanolic extract of cloves has a different antibacterial potential depending on the Gram-negative uropathogenic, In another study, aqueous and ethanolic extracts of clove, cinnamon, and garlic were prepared and tested for their antibacterial efficacy against isolated E.

  1. Coli, Clove extracts were shown to have one of the best antibacterial activities against UTIs strains according to their mean values of the zone of inhibition (13.33 mm).
  2. The combined effect of 10% plant extracts with antibiotics such as resistance drugs ampicillin, imipenem, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, and nalidixic acid was also tested and showed a pattern of susceptibility with increasing inhibition zone diameter in three UTIs strains,

Therefore, researchers could say that the use of ethanolic clove extract to treat UTIs could be complementary to the use of antibiotics due to its additive effect with them. There are no studies on the antibacterial mechanism of the ethanolic extract of clove, although it could be suspected that it acts the same or similar to the EO.

  1. Until now, the antibacterial activity of the ethanolic extract has only been attributed to its antioxidant properties.
  2. A recent study reported that the EC 50 of DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl), ABTS (2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)), and reducing power assay for the ethanolic extract content of clove was 0.037 mg/mL, 0.68 mg/mL, and 0.44 mg/mL, respectively,

Finally, it is essential to mention that the consumption of cloves has been declared safe for humans. Clove crude EO is classified as generally considered safe (GRAS) by the US Food and Drug Administration, Acute and chronic toxicity studies with clove oil conclude that there are no adverse effects in albino rats,

  1. Additionally, an aqueous extract of dried clove buds (known as ‘Clovinol’), rich in polyphenols, was found to be safe in rats,
  2. Furthermore, eugenol is rapidly absorbed, metabolized in the liver, and eliminated within 24 h when consumed orally,
  3. However, eugenol can be toxic in children under two years of age in relatively small amounts (5–10 mL),
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Additionally, if cloves are consumed or used excessively topically or by an allergic person may experience side effects. For example, oral intake of cloves may cause lactic acidosis, nausea, numbness, dizziness, or tiredness, Furthermore, it can lead to liver problems associated with stomach pain, clay-colored stools, dark urine, and sometimes jaundice,

If applied topically, it could cause itchy rashes with mild skin irritation, swollen or bleeding gums, erection problems, and delayed ejaculation, Previously, the World Health Organization (WHO) set the daily human intake of clove oil at 2.5 mg/kg body weight for humans, In short, clove extracts can be used to develop a new antimicrobial drug that is the need of the hour.

However, more research is required on the mechanisms of action, identification, and characterization of bioactive molecules, particularly their antibacterial activities in vivo against human pathogens. Table 2. Antimicrobial activity of S. aromaticum extracts.

Can clove water tighten Virginia?

Hence, women can add cloves to their daily diets to help them fight gynecological issues and not tighten the vagina. Though, there are other natural ways to aid vagina tightening such as Kegel exercises or soaking in baths of vinegar dissolved in water is a popular and easy home remedy for a tight vagina.

How much cloves is safe per day?

How Many Cloves Can You Take In A Day? – According to the World Health Organization, the acceptable daily dosage of clove oil per day is 2.5 mg per 1 kg of body weight ( 8 ). Anything beyond this can cause complications. Trivia In the 17th century, the Dutch tried to contain the growth of cloves to increase their prices. However, the French smuggled some cloves and brought them to the rest of the world.

Can pregnancy survive with infection?

Some infections before and during pregnancy can hurt both you and your developing fetus. They can cause serious illness, birth defects, and lifelong disabilities, such as hearing loss or learning problems. Here are 10 tips to help prevent infections before and during pregnancy:

  1. Protect yourself from Zika virus. Zika virus can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus during pregnancy or to her baby around the time of birth. Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause microcephaly (a birth defect where a baby’s head and brain are smaller than babies of the same age and sex) and other severe brain defects.
    • If you are pregnant, do not travel to areas with Zika,
      • If you must travel to an area with Zika, talk to your doctor or other healthcare provider first and strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites during the trip.
      • If you have a partner who lives in or has traveled to an area with Zika, use condoms from start to finish, every time you have sex (vaginal, anal, or oral) to protect against infection or do not have sex during the pregnancy.
    • If you are trying to become pregnant
      • Talk with your healthcare provider before traveling to areas with Zika and strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites during the trip,
      • See CDC’s advice for men and women who are thinking about pregnancy,
  2. Wash your hands with soap and water after the following:
    • Using the bathroom
    • Touching raw meat, raw eggs, or unwashed vegetables
    • Preparing food and eating
    • Gardening or touching dirt or soil
    • Handling pets
    • Being around people who are sick
    • Getting saliva (spit) on your hands
    • Caring for and playing with children
    • Changing diapers Learn more about washing your hands,
  3. Reduce contact with saliva and urine from babies and young children A common virus called cytomegalovirus (CMV) can cause problems for some babies, including microcephaly and hearing loss. A woman who is infected with CMV can pass the virus to her developing baby during pregnancy. Women may be able to lessen their risk of getting CMV by reducing contact with saliva and urine from babies and young children. Some ways to do this are by not sharing food and utensils with babies and young children, and washing hands after changing diapers. These actions can’t eliminate your risk of getting CMV, but may lessen your chances of getting it.
  4. Avoid unpasteurized (raw) milk and foods made from it. Do not eat soft cheeses, such as feta, brie, and queso fresco, unless they have labels that say they are pasteurized. Unpasteurized products can contain harmful bacteria. Learn more about Listeria,
  5. Do not touch or change dirty cat litter. Have someone else do it. If you must change the cat litter yourself, be sure to wear gloves and wash your hands afterwards. Dirty cat litter might contain a harmful parasite. Learn more about toxoplasmosis,
  6. Stay away from wild or pet rodents and their droppings. Have a pest control professional get rid of pests in or around your home. If you have a pet rodent, like a hamster or guinea pig, have someone else care for it until after your baby arrives. Some rodents might carry a harmful virus. Learn more about lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV),
  7. Get tested for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as HIV and hepatitis B, and protect yourself from them. Some people that have HIV, hepatitis B, or an STD do not feel sick. Knowing if you have one of these diseases is important. If you do, talk to your healthcare provider about reducing the chance that your baby will become sick. Learn more about STDs,
  8. Talk to your healthcare provider about vaccinations (shots). Some vaccinations are recommended before you become pregnant, during pregnancy, or right after delivery. Having the right vaccinations at the right time can help keep you healthy and help keep your baby from getting very sick or having life-long health problems. Learn more about vaccinations,
  9. Avoid people who have an infection. If you have not yet had or did not have the vaccine before pregnancy, stay away from people who you know have infections, such as chickenpox or rubella. Learn more about chickenpox,
  10. Ask your doctor about group B strep. About 1 in 4 women carry this type of bacteria, but do not feel sick. An easy swab test near the end of pregnancy will show if you have this type of bacteria. If you do have group B strep, talk to your healthcare provider about how to protect your baby during labor. Learn more about group B streptococcus,

These tips can help you prevent infections that could harm you and your developing baby. You will not always know if you have an infection and sometimes you will not feel sick. If you think you might have an infection or think you are at risk, see your healthcare provider.

Can a bacterial infection hurt my unborn baby?

Overview – This article focuses on common bacterial infections in pregnancy and describes the manifestations of these infections and the therapies used to treat them. Bacterial infections can affect pregnant women from implantation of the fertilized ovum through the time of delivery and peripartum period.

What are the most common infections in pregnancy?

Infectious Diseases in Pregnancy US Pharm,2020;45(9):22-26. ABSTRACT: Infectious diseases are disorders caused by pathogenic microorganisms (e.g., bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites) that may be transmitted directly or indirectly by various sources.

Some infections may be harmful, but some may be harmless; all may be preventable. Certain patient populations may also be more susceptible to infections, including pregnant women. During pregnancy, some common infections that may occur are the flu, vaginal yeast infections, uterine infections, group B streptococcus, bacterial vaginosis, and listeria.

Changes in immune function may cause this increased risk of infection, and if left untreated, may lead to serious complications. Complications from severe infections during pregnancy may include preterm birth, low birth weight, birth defects, learning problems, and possibly pregnancy loss.

Prevention, early detection, and treatment are vital to help minimize and eliminate these complications. Infectious diseases are disorders caused by pathogenic microorganisms (e.g., bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites) that may be transmitted directly or indirectly by various sources (e.g., person to person, insects, animals, environment, food, water).

Some infections may be harmful, but some may be harmless; all may be preventable. Certain patient populations, including pregnant women, may also be more susceptible to infections.1 During pregnancy, some common infections that may occur are influenza, vaginal yeast infections, eczema, herpes, uterine infections, group B streptococcus (GBS), bacterial vaginosis (BV), and listeria.

Changes in immune function, such as reduction in T- and B-cell activity and natural killer–cell activity and increases in dendritic-cell activity, may cause this increased risk of infection.2,3 However, immune-system changes during pregnancy are not fully understood, and more data are needed.4 The severity of some infections, such as influenza, GBS, sexually transmitted diseases, urinary tract infections, and Zika virus, may also increase with advancing pregnancy.4 Complications from severe infections during pregnancy may include preterm birth, low birth weight, birth defects, learning problems, and possibly pregnancy loss.5-7 Prevention, early detection, and treatment are vital to help minimize and eliminate these complications with multiple available prevention and treatment strategies.

The problem lies with growing and novel pathogens, as data are limited to devise a response plan to emerging infections such as the current pandemic.4,8