Chest Pain Relief Exercise
Place the TWISTER on a tender spot of your chest muscles and let the knobs sink into your tissue for about five seconds. Make slow, circular movements with even pressure, alternating in both directions and making sure that your tissue under the TWISTER twists along with it.
- 1 Should I rest if I have chest pain?
- 2 Is tight chest anxiety or stress?
- 3 How long can I ignore chest pain?
Which exercise is good for chest pain?
Aerobic Exercise – What it does: Aerobic exercise improves circulation, which results in lowered blood pressure and heart rate, Stewart says. In addition, it increases your overall aerobic fitness, as measured by a treadmill test, for example, and it helps your cardiac output (how well your heart pumps).
Should I rest if I have chest pain?
Angina is a type of chest discomfort due to poor blood flow through the blood vessels of the heart muscle. This article discusses how to care for yourself when you have angina. You may feel pressure, squeezing, burning, or tightness in your chest. You may also have pressure, squeezing, burning, or tightness in your arms, shoulders, neck, jaw, throat, or back.
Some people may have different symptoms, including shortness of breath, fatigue, weakness, and back, arm, or neck pain. This applies particularly to women, older people, and people with diabetes. You may also have indigestion or be sick to your stomach. You may feel tired. You may be short of breath, sweaty, lightheaded, or weak.
Some people have angina when they are exposed to cold weather. People also may feel it during physical activity. Examples are climbing stairs, walking uphill, lifting something heavy, or having sex. Sit, stay calm, and rest. Your symptoms will often go away soon after you stop activity.
- If you are lying down, sit up in bed.
- Try deep breathing to help with stress or anxiety.
- If you do not have nitroglycerin and your symptoms are not gone after resting, call 911 or the local emergency number right away.
- Your health care provider may have prescribed nitroglycerin tablets or spray for severe attacks.
Sit or lie down when you use your tablets or spray. When using your tablet, place the pill between your cheek and gum. You can also put it under your tongue. Allow it to dissolve. Do not swallow it. When using your spray, do not shake the container. Hold the container close to your open mouth.
Spray the medicine onto or under your tongue. Do not inhale or swallow the medicine. Wait for 5 minutes after the first dose of nitroglycerin. If your symptoms are not better, are worse, or return after going away, call 911 or the local emergency number right away. The operator who answers will give you further advice about what to do.
(Note: your provider may have given you different advice about taking nitroglycerin when you have chest pain or pressure. Some people will be told to try 3 nitroglycerin doses 5 minutes apart before calling 911 or the local emergency number. In this case, follow your provider’s instructions).
What time of day the event took placeWhat you were doing at the timeHow long the pain lastedWhat the pain felt likeWhat you did to relieve your pain
Ask yourself some questions:
Did you take all of your regular heart medicines the right way before you had symptoms?Were you more active than normal?Did you just have a large meal?
Share this information with your provider at your regular visits. Try not to do activities that strain your heart. Your provider may prescribe medicine for you to take before an activity. This can prevent symptoms. Call 911 or the local emergency number if your angina pain:
Is not better 5 minutes after taking nitroglycerinDoes not go away after 3 doses of the medicine (or as directed by your provider)Is getting worseReturns after the medicine had helped
Also contact your provider if:
You are having symptoms more often.You are having angina when you are sitting quietly or are not active. This is called rest angina.You are feeling tired more often.You are feeling faint or lightheaded.Your heart is beating very slowly (less than 60 beats a minute) or very fast (more than 120 beats a minute), or it is not steady.You are having trouble taking your heart medicines.You have any other unusual symptoms.
Acute coronary syndrome – chest pain; Coronary artery disease – chest pain; CAD – chest pain; Coronary heart disease – chest pain; ACS – chest pain; Heart attack – chest pain; Myocardial infarction – chest pain; MI – chest pain Amsterdam EA, Wenger NK, Brindis RG, et al.2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on practice guidelines.
- J Am Coll Cardiol,2014;64(24):e139-e228.
- PMID: 25260718 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25260718/, Boden WE.
- Angina pectoris and stable ischemic heart disease.
- In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds.
- Goldman-Cecil Medicine,26th ed.
- Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 62.
- Bonaca MP, Sabatine MS.
- Approach to the patient with chest pain.
In: Libby P, Bonow RO, Mann DL, Tomaselli, GF, Bhatt DL, Solomon SD, eds. Braunwald’s Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine,12th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2022:chap 35. Fihn SD, Blankenship JC, Alexander KP, Bittl JA, et al.2014 ACC/AHA/AATS/PCNA/SCAI/STS focused update of the guideline for the diagnosis and management of patients with stable ischemic heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines, and the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons.
- J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg,2015;149(3):e5-23.
- PMID: 25827388 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25827388/,
- Gulati M, Levy PD, Mukherjee D, et al.2021 AHA/ACC/ASE/CHEST/SAEM/SCCT/SCMR guideline for the evaluation and diagnosis of chest pain: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Joint Committee on Clinical Practice Guidelines.
Circulation,2021;144(22):e368–e454. PMID: 34709928 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34709928/, O’Gara PT, Kushner FG, Ascheim DD, et al.2013 ACCF/AHA guideline for the management of ST-elevation myocardial infarction: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on practice guidelines.
Circulation,2013;127(4):529-555. PMID: 23247303 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23247303/, Updated by: Michael A. Chen, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington Medical School, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David C. Dugdale, MD, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M.
How do I know if my chest pain is muscular?
What are the symptoms of strained chest muscle? A strained chest muscle usually causes pain in the chest area that gets worse with movement or coughing. ‘You may notice pain or tenderness along the chest, tenderness when touching the injured muscle, pain with arm movements and difficulty moving the arm,’ Chapman said.
Is tight chest anxiety or stress?
What does chest tightness caused by anxiety feel like? – There are different ways to describe chest tightness that is caused by anxiety. For some people, it may simply feel as though they have pulled a muscle in their chest. For others, it may feel like:
- A dull and constant ache
- A sharp, cramping, shooting pain
- A burning feeling deep in the chest
- An uncontrollable muscle twitch
- A numb sensation
Chest tightness is more likely to occur when anxiety or stress comes on suddenly rather than building gradually. If you are experiencing any chest pain for the first time, you should immediately seek professional medical help to ensure an accurate diagnosis and treatment.
How long can I ignore chest pain?
What should I do if I have chest pain? – Pay attention to any type of chest pain. If your chest pain is new, comes on suddenly, or lasts longer than five minutes after you rest or take medication, call 911, your local emergency number or have someone take you to the closest emergency room,
- If your chest pain goes away or comes and goes, see your healthcare provider as soon as possible to find out what’s causing the pain, even if it’s not severe.
- A note from Cleveland Clinic Although most people think of a heart attack when they think of chest pain, there are many other conditions that cause chest pain.
Know the signs of a heart attack and seek medical attention soon after you start having pain. Make a mental note of what you were doing when your chest pain happened so you can tell your healthcare provider. Being able to describe the kind of pain you’re having and where can help your provider give you a diagnosis.
How long should I let chest pain last?
When is chest pain serious enough to go to the ER? – Chest pain is common, but it shouldn’t be ignored. Although most cases of chest pain are harmless, you should go to the emergency room immediately if your chest pain is intense, prolonged, or is accompanied by other symptoms. Here are some symptoms that may indicate you need immediate medical attention:
Difficulty breathing/shortness of breath Confusion/disorientation Excessive sweating Nausea or dizziness Pain that travels into the back Pain in the jaw, left arm or back Feelings of pressure, squeezing, tightness Low blood pressure or heart rate Rapid heartbeat and/or breathing
If your chest pain lasts more than a few minutes or becomes more severe, don’t wait. Call 911 immediately. Chest pain accompanied by the symptoms above may indicate a heart attack or other serious conditions, and it’s best not to delay treatment. Ambulances have a highly trained team and special equipment to transport you quickly and safely to the nearest emergency department.
Does chest pain go away naturally?
Can chest pain go away on its own? – Depending on the underlying condition that is causing your chest pain, it is possible that it may go away on its own. The more serious the underlying causes of chest pain are, the more likely they will keep coming back.
- Eep in mind that there is not always a correlation between pain level and the seriousness of the root causes.
- Minor pain can mean big problems, and acute, severe pain doesn’t necessarily mean that you are having a heart attack.
- Regardless, chest pain caused by an underlying condition will often be experienced until its root cause is treated.
Chest pains that come and go are often caused by:
GI (gastrointestinal) issues like acid reflux, ulcers, or gallstonesInflammation in musclesPanic attacks
All chest pain should be taken seriously, even if it doesn’t send you running to the ER, and even if it goes away on its own.
Does sleep help with chest pain?
How Sleep Deprivation Affects Your Heart It’s difficult to overstate the heart’s importance to health. Responsible for pumping blood throughout the body, the heart powers the circulatory system that ensures that all the organs and tissues in the body get the oxygen they need.
- Unfortunately, heart problems are a leading cause of illness and death in the United States.
- While it’s already well-known that factors like poor diet, limited exercise, and smoking can harm the heart, there’s a growing recognition of the dangers of for heart health.
- Sleep provides time for the body to restore and recharge, playing a key role in,
For the cardiovascular system, insufficient or fragmented sleep can contribute to problems with blood pressure and heighten the risk of heart disease, heart attacks, diabetes, and stroke. As a result, getting good sleep may help prevent damage to the cardiovascular system, and for people with heart problems, can be part of following a heart-healthy lifestyle.
Substantial evidence demonstrates that sleeping problems, including sleep deprivation and fragmented sleep, have negative effects on heart health. Sleep is an essential time for the body to recuperate, During the non-rapid eye movement (NREM), heart rate slows, blood pressure drops, and breathing stabilizes.
These changes reduce stress on the heart, allowing it to recover from strain that occurs during waking hours. Without sufficient nightly sleep, a person doesn’t spend enough time in the deep stages of NREM sleep that benefit the heart. The same problem can affect people whose sleep is frequently interrupted.
- As a result, chronic sleep deprivation has been linked to numerous heart problems National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
- Including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart attack, obesity, diabetes, and stroke.
During normal, healthy sleep, blood pressure drops by around 10-20% National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
This is known as nocturnal dipping, and research highlights its role in cardiovascular health. Poor sleep, whether from a lack of sleep or sleep disruptions, is associated with non-dipping, meaning that a person’s blood pressure doesn’t go down at night. Studies have found that elevated nighttime blood pressure is tied to overall hypertension (high blood pressure).
In fact, nocturnal blood pressure has been found to be even more predictive of heart problems than high blood pressure during the day. Non-dipping has been tied to an increased risk of stroke and heart attack. It’s also been linked to kidney problems and reduced blood flow to the brain.
Raised daytime blood pressure has been identified as a consequence of sleep deprivation National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information. in multiple studies, but it doesn’t affect all people equally.
The link between lack of sleep and high blood pressure is highest in middle-aged adults. People who work long hours in high-stress jobs and people with other risk factors for hypertension are more likely to have raised blood pressure after chronic poor sleep.
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, Also known as coronary artery disease, it happens when plaque builds up in the arteries, hardening and narrowing them in a condition known as atherosclerosis. This reduces the ability of the heart to get enough blood and oxygen.
Research has found that sleep deprivation contributes to atherosclerosis National Institutes of Health (NIH) The NIH, a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is the nation’s medical research agency — making important discoveries that improve health and save lives.
Plaque forms as a consequence of inflammation, which involves white blood cells, which are produced by the, to collect in the arteries. Poor sleep triggers chronic inflammation National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
, which contributes to plaque formation and hardening of the arteries. The impact of sleep deprivation on coronary heart disease is also believed to be influenced by sleep’s effects on blood pressure National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
- Hypertension strains the arteries, making them less effective at bringing blood to the heart and as a result contributing to heart disease.
- Heart failure is when the heart doesn’t pump enough blood to supply the body with the blood and oxygen that it needs to function properly.
- An observational study of over 400,000 people found strong associations between sleeping problems and heart failure National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
In that study, people who slept less than seven hours per night had an elevated risk of heart failure. Heart failure was also more common in people who had other indicators of unhealthy sleep including insomnia symptoms, daytime sleepiness, snoring, and being an evening person.
The more of these signs of unhealthy sleep that one person had, the higher their likelihood of heart failure. A heart attack, also known as myocardial infarction, happens when the flow of blood to the heart gets blocked. Heart attacks can be fatal because of the damage that occurs when the heart does not get enough oxygen.
Sleep deprivation heightens the risk of heart attacks. In one study, people sleeping less than six hours per night had a 20% higher chance of a heart attack National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
- While the NREM sleep stage helps the heart slow down and recover, REM sleep involves heightened stress and activity.
- Insufficient sleep can throw off the balance of these stages, increasing heart attack risk.
- Sleep interruptions have also been linked to the potential for heart attacks.
- Because both heart rate and blood pressure can abruptly spike upon awakening, frequent sleep disruptions can cause cardiac stress and may induce a heart attack.
A stroke is when blood flow to the brain is cut off, causing brain cells to die from lack of oxygen. Ischemic strokes occur when a blood clot or plaque blocks an artery. A transient ischemic attack (TIA), also referred to as a mini-stroke, involves only a short-term blockage.
In research studies, lack of sleep has been correlated with a greater likelihood of having a stroke. Sleep deprivation increases blood pressure, and high blood pressure is considered to be the leading risk factor for strokes. In addition, by contributing to plaque buildup in the arteries, insufficient sleep may make it easier for blockages to occur and cause mini-strokes or strokes.
Being overweight or obese is strongly associated with numerous cardiovascular and metabolic problems including hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. Lack of sleep is associated with obesity, whereby people who sleep less than seven hours per night are more likely to have a higher body mass index (BMI) or be obese.
Sleep helps regulate the hormones that control hunger, and lack of sleep or sleep disturbances can trigger and boost the desire for high-calorie foods, is a chronic condition in which the level of blood sugar, also known as blood glucose, is too high due to the body’s inability to process sugar properly.
Excess blood glucose damages blood vessels, negatively affecting cardiovascular health. People with diabetes are twice as likely to die from heart disease or stroke National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) NIDDK research creates knowledge about and treatments for diseases that are among the most chronic, costly, and consequential for patients, their families, and the Nation.
- Than people without this condition.
- Many factors affect blood sugar, but studies have found that a lack of sleep worsens glucose metabolism National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
Poor sleep is associated with prediabetes, a a type of glucose intolerance that does not meet the parameters for diabetes. People already diagnosed with diabetes who have insufficient or restless sleep may have a harder time controlling their blood sugar,
- Impaired sleep may also worsen the hardening of arteries National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
- In people with type 2 diabetes.
- In normal sleep, the heart rate drops during the NREM sleep stages and then picks back up as you prepare to wake up.
Poor sleep, including abrupt awakenings, can generate a sharp uptick in heart rate. Research has also found that people with sleeping problems are more likely to complain of an irregular heartbeat National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
For these reasons, lack of sleep may be tied to heart palpitations. In addition, a study in older adults found that people who have frequent nightmares were considerably more likely to report having an irregular heartbeat National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
Nightmares may increase heart rate, and if a person’s sleep is disturbed by a nightmare, they may wake up feeling like their heart is racing. Chest pain can occur for many reasons. Angina is chest pain related to poor flow of blood through blood vessels.
- Non-cardiac chest pain, such as heartburn or a muscle injury, is not related to a heart problem.
- When sleep is interrupted, a quick surge in heart rate and blood pressure can cause angina, and studies have detected a correlation between sleep deprivation and chest pain.
- Non-cardiac chest pain can be tied to sleep as well.
People with often suffer from sleep disruptions, which may heighten their risk of experiencing an overlap between poor sleep and pain in their chest. Multiple studies have also found an association between unexplained chest pain and poor sleep National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information. Many sleep disorders have detrimental effects on heart health. Insomnia, one of the most common sleep disorders, is often accompanied by insufficient sleep and can lead to elevated cardiovascular health risks. (OSA) is a breathing disorder that is, obesity, diabetes, stroke, and high blood pressure.
- People with OSA have lapses in breathing during sleep when their airway gets blocked.
- Interrupted breathing from OSA causes fragmented sleep, which is one reason why the condition is tied to multiple cardiovascular problems.
- In addition, disturbed respiration reduces the amount of oxygen in the blood, which may worsen the impacts of OSA on heart health.
Disorders of abnormal movement during sleep, such as restless leg syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder, have also been linked to heart problems. While the exact explanation is unknown, it may relate to abnormal activation of the cardiovascular system that occurs with these conditions and induces elevated and fluctuating heart rate and blood pressure.
Circadian rhythm sleep disorders, which occur when a person’s internal clock is misaligned with day and night, have been associated with cardiovascular problems. For example, people who work night shifts and have to sleep during the day have heightened risks of hypertension, obesity, and diabetes as well as cardiac events like a stroke or heart attack.
places additional strain on the hear t and some women develop cardiovascular problems during pregnancy. High blood pressure, for example, can begin or worsen during pregnancy with potential complications for both the mother and her baby.,, and other sleep difficulties affect many pregnant women, and these issues have been associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular problems National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) The NHLBI is the nation’s leader in the prevention and treatment of heart, lung, blood and sleep disorders.
Both during and after pregnancy. Ongoing research studies are working to identify ways to improve sleep during pregnancy with the goal of also reducing hypertension and other cardiovascular issues. The impacts of sleep deprivation on heart health receive considerable attention, but many studies have also found associations between sleeping too much, generally defined as more than nine hours per night, and cardiovascular problems.
While more research is needed, many experts believe that underlying health conditions that cause excess sleep are also the cause of this higher rate of heart issues. Nevertheless, this data is a reminder that that more sleep is always better. Because sleep deprivation can harm the heart, it’s important for people with cardiovascular problems to make getting good sleep a priority.
- Some evidence even indicates that improving sleep may reduce the likelihood of heart attacks National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
- Or other cardiovascular problems in people who are otherwise at high risk.
Unfortunately, some heart problems can interfere with sleep. For example, diabetes can cause frequent nighttime urination, and other cardiovascular disorders may create chest discomfort when trying to get to sleep. Worry and anxiety about heart health can also make it hard to wind down and fall asleep normally.
- Because numerous factors can influence both sleep and cardiovascular health, it’s most helpful to talk with your doctor about heart-healthy sleep.
- A doctor can help develop a specific plan to improve your sleep while also addressing other lifestyle factors, such as diet and exercise, that are important for your heart and overall wellness.
While there’s no silver bullet solution, certain tips can often help people with heart problems get better sleep.
- Develop strategies for relaxation: If heart concerns spur anxiety, they can keep your mind racing when you just want to ease into sleep. Techniques like deep breathing, yoga, light stretching, and mindfulness meditation are just a few beneficial approaches for people struggling with how to sleep with pericarditis (inflammation around the heart), heart disease, or other heart problems that cause chest pain.
- Plan a consistent sleep schedule: Keeping the same bedtime and wake-up time every day is widely considered to be one of the key ways to encourage healthy and stable sleep from night to night.
- Design an accommodating bedroom: Set your sleep environment to meet your needs by ensuring that the bedroom has a comfortable mattress and pillow, a pleasant temperature, and as much quiet and darkness as possible.
- Avoid negative influences on sleep: Alcohol and caffeine can both interfere with sleep and are best avoided at night. Excessive use of electronic devices, including your cell phone, can also throw off your sleep patterns, which is why experts recommend not using these devices for an hour or more before bed.
These tips and other elements of can serve as a foundation for better sleep, creating habits that make it easier to get both the quantity and quality of sleep that you need. There is limited evidence linking a person’s sleeping position with their overall heart health.
Some research that focuses on people with congestive heart failure has found that sleeping on your left side may change aspects of heart and lung function National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
Congestive heart failure is a buildup of fluid in the lungs or other parts of the body that occurs when the heart isn’t pumping blood effectively. Studies have found that people with congestive heart failure frequently avoid sleeping on their left side National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.
, and this effect is greater in people with larger heart dimensions National Library of Medicine, Biotech Information The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information. While the exact reason for this is unknown, it may relate to how this sleeping posture alters positioning of the heart, pressure on the lungs, and/or the sensation of the heart beating against the chest wall.
While studies have found that people with heart failure often avoid sleeping on their left side, it does not show that this sleeping position causes heart problems. Based on research to date, a person’s sleeping position is not considered to be a risk factor for heart disease or other cardiovascular problems.
- Grandner, M.A., Alfonso-Miller, P., Fernandez-Mendoza, J., Shetty, S., Shenoy, S., & Combs, D. (2016). Sleep: important considerations for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Current opinion in cardiology, 31(5), 551–565.
- Calhoun, D.A., & Harding, S.M. (2010). Sleep and hypertension. Chest, 138(2), 434–443.
- Kuetting, D., Feisst, A., Sprinkart, A.M., Homsi, R., Luetkens, J., Thomas, D., Schild, H.H., & Dabir, D. (2019). Effects of a 24-hr-shift-related short-term sleep deprivation on cardiac function: A cardiac magnetic resonance-based study. Journal of sleep research, 28(3), e12665.
- National Institutes of Health (NIH). (2019, March 5). How disrupted sleep may lead to heart disease., Retrieved November 30, 2020, from
- Besedovsky, L., Lange, T., & Haack, M. (2019). The sleep-immune crosstalk in health and disease. Physiological Reviews, 99(3), 1325–1380.
- Nagai, M., Hoshide, S., & Kario, K. (2010). Sleep duration as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease- a review of the recent literature. Current cardiology reviews, 6(1), 54–61.
- Li, X., Xue, Q., Wang, M., Zhou, T., Ma, H., Heianza, Y., & Qi, L. (2020). Adherence to a Healthy Sleep Pattern and Incident Heart Failure: A Prospective Study of 408802 UK Biobank Participants. Circulation, 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.120.050792. Advance online publication.
- Daghlas, I., Dashti, H.S., Lane, J., Aragam, K.G., Rutter, M.K., Saxena, R., & Vetter, C. (2019). Sleep duration and myocardial infarction. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 74(10), 1304–1314., Retrieved November 30, 2020, from
- National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). (2017, February). Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke., Retrieved November 30, 2020, from
- Spiegel, K., Tasali, E., Leproult, R., & Van Cauter, E. (2009). Effects of poor and short sleep on glucose metabolism and obesity risk. Nature reviews. Endocrinology, 5(5), 253–261.
- Yoda, K., Inaba, M., Hamamoto, K., Yoda, M., Tsuda, A., Mori, K., Imanishi, Y., Emoto, M., & Yamada, S. (2015). Association between poor glycemic control, impaired sleep quality, and increased arterial thickening in type 2 diabetic patients. PloS one, 10(4), e0122521.
- Asplund, R., & Aberg, H. (1998). Sleep and cardiac symptoms amongst women aged 40-64 years. Journal of internal medicine, 243(3), 209–213.
- Asplund R. (2003). Nightmares, sleep and cardiac symptoms in the elderly. The Netherlands journal of medicine, 61(7), 257–261.
- Jerlock, M., Kjellgren, K.I., Gaston-Johansson, F., Lissner, L., Manhem, K., Rosengren, A., & Welin, C. (2008). Psychosocial profile in men and women with unexplained chest pain. Journal of internal medicine, 264(3), 265–274.
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). (2019, September 13). Pregnant women with sleep problems could face a lifetime of cardiovascular woes., Retrieved November 30, 2020, from
- Montano, N., Fiorelli, E., & Tobaldini, E. (2019). Sleep Duration and the Heart: I Sleep, Therefore I Beat. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 74(10), 1315–1316.
- Bayraktar, M.F., & Ozeke, O. (2018). Serial echocardiographic changes with different body positions and sleeping side preference in heart failure patients. Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.), 35(8), 1132–1137.
- Leung, R.S., Bowman, M.E., Parker, J.D., Newton, G.E., & Bradley, T.D. (2003). Avoidance of the left lateral decubitus position during sleep in patients with heart failure: relationship to cardiac size and function. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 41(2), 227–230.
- Palermo, P., Cattadori, G., Bussotti, M., Apostolo, A., Contini, M., & Agostoni, P. (2005). Lateral decubitus position generates discomfort and worsens lung function in chronic heart failure. Chest, 128(3), 1511–1516.
: How Sleep Deprivation Affects Your Heart
Can chest pain just be normal?
Sometimes chest pain is just chest pain. Sometimes it’s only a muscle strain, heartburn or bronchitis. More often than not there are benign reasons, but you should be evaluated by a healthcare professional if you’re worried. Chest pain can signal a serious condition, heart-related or otherwise.
Can paracetamol relieve chest pain?
Home Care – If injury, over-exertion, or coughing have caused muscle strain, your chest wall is often tender or painful when you press a finger at the location of the pain. This can often be treated at home. Try aspirin or paracetamol, ice, heat, and rest.