Environmental Studies From Crisis To Cure English 2Nd Edition Pdf Download

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Environmental Studies From Crisis To Cure English 2Nd Edition Pdf Download

What is BA English environmental studies?

The English / Environmental and Sustainability Studies joint major equips students with communication skills and knowledge of environmental issues, regulations and policies. The major prepares students to have a positive influence on the environment through written and other creative forms of expression.

What are the most important topics and study material for environmental studies?

Environmental studies typically focus on topics such as pollution, conservation, and sustainable development. The environment is the natural world around us, including air, water, land, plants, and animals. It plays a crucial role in supporting life on earth and maintaining its delicate balance.

What are the topics of environmental studies?

Environmental research topics refer to conditions of the physical, chemical and biological aspects of the environment. This can include human activity, living organisms, weather and naturally occurring landmarks. Environmental research focuses largely on conservation or prevention.

What is environmental science short notes?

Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical and biological sciences, (including but not limited to Ecology, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Soil Science, Geology, Atmospheric Science and Geography) to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems.

What is the difference between BA English and BA English literature?

BA in English is the under-graduate degree course of three years by the central universities. English Literature is vast set of epics, drama, plays, prose and poetry that let you peep into a particular genre or era of a century. BA Bachelor’s course and English.

Is a BA in environmental science good?

5 Careers for Environmental Science Majors | Tompkins Cortland Community College As we continue to experience the impact of climate change firsthand, protecting the planet and maintaining its life support services has become a major priority for businesses, government agencies, and the public.

Environmental issues affect quality of life for people and the survival of all species—and have major implications on politics, commerce, social issues, and more. For anyone wondering: “Is environmental science a good major?” It’s not surprising that the answer is yes. Green jobs are expected to than the national average through 2030, according to the U.S.

Bureau of Labor Statistics. And more and more companies are focusing on sustainability as a major corporate initiative. In this post, we’ll answer the question: “What can you do with an environmental science degree?” as we explore today’s top careers for environmental science majors,

What are the three most important environmental issues?

Three Environmental Issues and Ways to Combat Them – For years now, humans have mistreated and contaminated the very environment that sustains them. But the broad concern for the environment can be so overwhelming that people don’t know what to do or where to start making a difference.

For years now, humans have mistreated and contaminated the very environment that sustains them. But the broad concern for the environment can be so overwhelming that people don’t know what to do or where to start making a difference. The list of issues surrounding our environment go on, but there are three major ones that affect the majority of them overall: global warming and climate change; water pollution and ocean acidification; and loss of biodiversity.

These three issues need immediate attention and proactive action on our part to ensure conservation of the only habitable planet which we call our home. And, focusing attention on these three major topics will have a ripple effect on a number of smaller environmental issues like inefficient recycling systems and food waste.

Let’s look at three major environmental issues and some solutions which can help combat them: Global Warming and Climate Change Human activities have made global warming and climate change a global threat. The rising levels of CO2 and other greenhouse gases have caused an increase in average global temperatures, extreme weather events, rising sea levels and other negative changes.

These changes are directly and indirectly affecting all life forms. Pollution of air, land and water through excessive deforestation, industrialization and overfilling landfills which emits CO2 and adds to greenhouse gas emissions are all topmost causes of these environmental issues.

Invest in and encourage production of sustainable technology Commercial and residential buildings should aim to achieve zero-emission or zero-waste Improve waste compaction in landfills with smart technology like stationary compactors which helps free up space for other constructive uses. It comes in varying capacities and configurations for handling different volumes of trash Increase forest cover, restore sea grasses and boost use of agricultural cover crops to reduce the amount of CO2 in atmosphere.

Water Pollution and Ocean Acidification Rapid urban development, improper sewage disposal by industries, oil spills, disposal of chemical and radioactive wastes, and plastic pollution are some of the major causes of water pollution. Today, water scarcity and polluted water are posing a big threat to the human existence across many nations of the world.

  1. Ocean waters absorb around 30 percent of the carbon dioxide that is released in the atmosphere.
  2. Ocean acidification occurs when the CO2 absorbed by the seawater undergoes a series of chemical reactions which leads to increased concentration of hydrogen ions, thus making the seawater more acidic.
  3. This decreases the carbonate ions in the seawater which makes it difficult for clams, deep sea corals, oysters etc.

to build and maintain their shells and other calcium carbonate structures. These changes in the ocean water chemistry can affect the behavior of other organisms also. This puts the entire ocean food web at risk. Listed below are some measures which can help prevent water pollution and ocean acidification :

Practice more effective measures to contain spills Curtail storm water runoff and plant trees near water bodies to reduce soil erosion Expand the network which monitors the measuring of acidity levels to provide researchers and shellfish farmers with long-term and real-time pH data Incorporate ocean acidification threats into the coastal zone management plans of states Increase marine protection measures

Loss of Biodiversity Biodiversity helps maintain the balance of the ecosystem and provides biological resources which are crucial for our existence. Habitat destruction, climate change, pollution, secondary extinction and introduced species are a few ways in which humans are wreaking havoc on the biodiversity of this planet. Loss of biodiversity can be countered in a number of ways:

Government should create and implement stricter policies and laws related to conservation of biodiversity Stop habitat destruction and encourage its restoration Practice sustainable living Reduce invasive species Research innovative ways to preserve biodiversity and educate the populace about it

Awareness and adaption are two key steps towards conserving this boon called environment. Each one of us can and should do their bit to curb the effects of these environmental issues and ensure that our future generations have a healthy planet to live.

What is the 7 significant reasons of environmental studies?

Fifteen Reasons || – 1. So that you will realize that environmental problems (new, old, past and present) are not only local, but global too. It’s quite funny that many laypeople don’t know what “global warming” is, especially in many cities and rural areas in Africa.

The study of environmental science will keep you informed about environmental problems such as global warming, climate change, depletion of ozone layer, acid rains, and negative impact of microplastics on marine environment and biodiversity, which are not only national/local problems, but global problems as well.

Efforts from experts and each of us will be needed to tackle these problems head-on.2. So that you will understand how the impact of development, increase in population, infrastructures, and transportation systems negatively affect the environment and natural ecosystem; knowledge of these will make you more concerned about the environment, and think about how to protect it more than you’ve been doing.3.

So that you can familiarize yourself with available solutions to different environmental problems caused by poor hygiene, energy waste, etc., and apply them in ways that will create and preserve a healthier environment for future generations.4. So that you will be aware of the environmental implications of your activities/actions, and use that knowledge to prevent/control further pollution, and efficiently utilize the resources you come in contact with on a daily basis.5.

So that you will know how to use different methods of preventing/controlling pollution and create a less-polluted or pollution-free environment containing clean air, water, food, and land.6. So that you will use resources such as water, land, minerals and fossil fuels in an efficient manner, and with maximum utility and minimum wastage, by using conservation and recycling strategies.7.

  1. So that you will be aware that the environment can be sustained through a combination of different disciplines, or inter-disciplinary knowledge — and you will show more concern/care for all elements of nature, in every walk of your life, and in a holistic manner.8.
  2. So that you will be ever-conscious of our collective responsibility to pass a more comfortable and livable world into the hands of the next generation.

In order to do this, each one of us has to figure out how to live more sustainably as a collective society so that there will be no threatening negative impacts on the environment.9. So that you, like specialists, could enhance the knowledge you have and adjust its application in ways that will help you and the world to mitigate environmental changes, or halt them completely.

  • It’s possible for anybody (a layman, a scientist, or a specialist) who reflects deeply on the environment to come up with ideas to tackle problems associated with it.10.
  • So that you will have a specialist’s understanding of the world around you.
  • Do you know what could/would happen if garbage is littered indiscriminately around your house? Do you know how soil microbes affect the health of people? Do you know how climate change negatively influences the health of animals and trees around us? Do you know how environmental policies impact sustainability and alternative energy? Well, the study of environmental science will provide answers to these questions, and more.11.
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So that you will be aware about other sustainable ways of living that have been discovered by scientists, specialists and some laypeople: Environmental sustainability doesn’t propose that people should not live a luxurious lifestyle, but it does advocate that people be aware about how to minimize use/consume resources, and control the disposal of waste; this includes minimizing the consumption of energy in houses, using disposal bins to dispose waste, reusing and recycling more waste/materials/products that are reusable or recyclable, utilizing eco-friendly and green products, etc.

  • With the way natural resources are currently being depleted, they will dry up in no time, and this will affect the survival of future generations.12.
  • So that you can be a practitioner of/advocator for conservation of biodiversity: Biodiversity can be referred to as the variety of life forms on Earth.

The current rate of biodiversity loss and extinction of living species is at an all-time high. Studying environmental science can make you be aware and become an advocator against this incessant trend.13. So that you will understand how humans and other living organisms depend on each other: The study of environmental science will help you understand the relationship between humans and other living organism.

  • Human beings breathe out carbon dioxide which is used by plants for photosynthesis.
  • On the other hand, plants release oxygen which humans use for respiration.
  • Animal droppings are used as fertilizer and nutrients for the growth of plants and other microorganisms.
  • Also, humans and animals use plants as food.

In summary, Mother Nature has made plants, human beings and microorganisms to depend on each other for survival.14. So that you will be aware of the importance of renewable energy sources which can be easily reproduced, unlike non-renewable energy sources (like petrol, diesel, etc.) which can’t be easily produced and are the major causes of global warming and climate change.15.

So that you will be aware that the Earth is for mankind, and all other living things which morally deserve our care and respect. None of us have the right to take all resources and kill whole species for our own use. We do not have the right to drive other living things into extinction: all species have a right to exist.

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What are the five elements of environmental studies?

The term ‘natural environment’ states the non-human-made environments and states where all non-living and living things live on Earth. The entire world is composed of five elements: Water, Earth, Air, Fire, and Space. These elements sustain balance. Nature struggles repetitively to sustain balance.

What are 4 environmental themes?

Types – Major current environmental issues may include climate change, pollution, environmental degradation, and resource depletion, The conservation movement lobbies for protection of endangered species and protection of any ecologically valuable |natural areas]], genetically modified foods and global warming,

What are three types of environmental studies?

We are reader-supported. When you buy through links on our site, we may earn affiliate commission. Each sector of science relates to the natural world. Environmental science is a specific branch in the field focusing on Earth’s organic processes and finding solutions to anthropogenic effects.

What are the 4 types of environment?

Components of Environment – The atmosphere or air, lithosphere, or rocks and soil, hydrosphere, or water, and the biological component of the environment, or biosphere, are the four basic components of the environment.

What is the difference between environmental studies and environmental science?

Environmental Studies vs. Environmental Science: What is the Difference? –

Environmental science focuses on fundamental sciences like math, chemistry, biology, physics, atmospheric science, earth science and geology. As an environmental science major, you’ll spend much of your time considering the scientific and quantitative aspects of environmental issues. So then what is environmental studies? Environmental studies takes on a broader view, looking at the natural sciences as well as social sciences. You’ll look at how humans relate to the environment and how environmental challenges intersect with political and historical considerations, public policy, and the law.

When you’re researching these majors at colleges and universities, it’s important to keep in mind that the specifics can vary widely among institutions, says, assistant professor of biology and coordinator of the environmental studies program at North Central College.

  • The simplest way to explain the difference between the two majors is to say that environmental studies is more interdisciplinary than environmental science,” she says.
  • What often differs are the related required courses – for example, more math and pure science courses are usually required for environmental science degrees.” (On a related note: environmental engineering is another emerging major in this field.

This branch of engineering focuses on protecting human health and environmental health.) Some environmental programs will give you the chance to select an area of concentration. In North Central’s major, for example, students can choose from among three tracks:

S ociety and the environment include humanities courses on environmental, history, and literature, as well as social science courses on environmental policy, cultural ecology, and international relations.

The science and the environment track offers courses in conservation, ecology, environmental chemistry, climate change, and clean energy.

Sustainable business taps both liberal arts and pre-professional academic departments to examine sustainability, green business, and environmental economics. “Many schools address the science and societal side of environmental studies, but North Central’s sustainable business track goes further by training students in sustainable business practices,” says Mitra.

“Because our environmental studies program is very interdisciplinary, we bring in faculty from all areas of the College,” she continues. “They each apply their own expertise and methods to the same question – how can we become a more sustainable society, leaving a world behind us that is better than the one we received, for future generations?

What is the difference between environmental science and environmental studies?

The challenges of today’s environment – air and water pollution, deforestation and species loss, peak oil consumption and climate change – are complex and interconnected issues. The interdisciplinary fields of environmental science and environmental studies are both dedicated to the study of these critical problems with the aim of identifying feasible solutions.

  • Environmental Science focuses on the study of natural systems and the application of technology to protect and improve the environment while Environmental Studies focuses on the interaction between human and natural systems and the connection between science and policy.
  • Environmental and sustainability issues are overarching and complex; addressing these challenges requires a unique set of skills.

Because of this, both majors utilize an interdisciplinary approach toward critical analysis and problem-solving while providing students with experience in the use of a wide range of tools. Students from both majors work together in many of the same upper division courses to foster respect for diverse perspectives and abilities and to build skills for working effectively within interdisciplinary teams.

Is English and English literature the same degree?

English Major Overview – A key difference between literature and English majors is that English majors focus on the effectiveness of communication. They take literature courses but also study grammar, rhetoric, and linguistics. Throughout their coursework, they dig into how storytelling captivates audiences, conveys meaning, and creates change.

Is British and English literature the same?

English lit or British lit? Q: Which is correct: English literature or British literature? I studied “English literature” during my schooldays in England. We read the works of authors and poets born in England, Wales, and Scotland. “British literature” sounds strange to me.

A: This is a somewhat sensitive subject, one that seems to change along with ideas about national identity. When the two of us were in college, in the 1960s and ’70s, the term “English literature” loosely meant works by writers from the British Isles (a term not popular in the Republic of Ireland). The problem with “English” is that it can refer either to the people of England or to the language, which is spoken in many other nations.

That makes the term “English literature” a little ambiguous. It could mean works written in English, or works written by English authors. Today, “English literature” is often defined simply as literature written in the English language. “British literature,” on the other hand, usually refers to works by authors from the United Kingdom (comprising England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland), and sometimes from the Republic of Ireland.

The choice of terms can be difficult. A case in point is the five-volume Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature, which includes entries for authors and works from the UK and the Republic of Ireland, an independent nation. The editor in chief, David Scott Kastan, says in the preface that the choice of an adjective for the title was “vexing,” and explains why “British” was chosen instead of “English”: ” ‘English’ would either limit the field too narrowly (that is, by restricting the focus to the writers of England) or not enough (that is, by opening it up to all writers writing in English),” Kastan writes.

The adjective “British,” he says, “accurately if sometimes uneasily accommodates the Welsh and Scottish entries. The Irish entries less comfortably fit under the rubric.” So the term “British literature,” Kastan writes, “is admittedly a compromise,” and is intended “largely as a geographical rather than a political term.” Consequently, Irish writers like Seamus Heaney, Jonathan Swift, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, and others are included in the encyclopedia as writers “participating in and substantially contributing to a common linguistic and cultural history with writers who with greater terminological precision are labeled ‘British.’ ” As we hinted above, you’ll find that opinions on such terminology often differ.

  1. It’s been our experience, for example, that some people from England resent being referred to as “British” and insist on being called “English.” And we’ve heard from some Scots who don’t care to be referred to as “British” either.
  2. We will leave all that for them to sort out.
  3. Meanwhile, a little etymology might be in order.

The short version of the story is that the word “English” is Germanic in origin and “British” is from Latin or Celtic or both. “English” and “England” are derived from an ancient and long dead noun, Engle, according to the Oxford English Dictionary,

  • Engle was used in early Old English as a collective plural.
  • It referred both to the Angles—a Germanic tribe that invaded Roman-occupied Britain in the fifth century and settled the region north of the Thames—and to the people of England.
  • The Angles were originally from Angeln, a region now known as Schleswig and located in northern Germany and southern Denmark.
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The words “British” and “Britain” are derived from Latin by way of Celtic (or vice versa), and can trace their roots to the Roman occupation or even further back. The occupation extended into the southern part of what is now Scotland and lasted from the first through the fifth centuries.

“Britain” is from the classical Latin adjective Britannus, which the OED says is “perhaps ultimately the Celtic base of Welsh pryd,” meaning “countenance, image, beauty, form,” (The Old Welsh for “Britain” was Priten,) Why, you’re probably asking, can’t we be more precise about the ultimate origin of “British” and “Britain”? Did their ancestors come into Old English from Latin or from Celtic? Here’s what the OED has to say on the subject: “At the time of contact with the Anglo-Saxons, south-eastern Britain was heavily Romanized and bilingualism with Latin must have been common.

Therefore, although post-classical Latin Brittus (as well as classical Latin Britto and Brittannus ) appears ultimately to have a Celtic base, it is unclear whether Latin or British forms (or both) were borrowed into Old English.” The name “Britain” has been used since the Old English period, the OED says, “to denote the geographical area comprising England, Wales, and Scotland, with their dependencies (more fully called Great Britain ).” More recently, the term is “also used for the British state or empire as a whole.” We mentioned the term “British Isles” above, so let’s not keep it dangling.

Is Environmental Studies a stem?

The main categories of NSF STEM disciplines include: Agricultural Sciences, Chemistry, Computer Science, Engineering, Environmental Science, Geosciences, Life/Biological Sciences, Mathematics, and Physics/Astronomy.

Is a BA in Environmental Science the same as a BS?

Requirements and Differences Between BA and BS Degrees – Both Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts degrees prepare students for a wide range of careers in environmental science. The BS places greater emphasis on the natural sciences, whereas the BA is more focused on the social sciences and their application to economics, policy, and management.

The freshmen and sophomore years lay a foundation of coursework through critical tracking classes for building later expertise. Students need to know the natural sciences of physics, chemistry, and biology. Study of microeconomics and macroeconomics is required to understand the human economy. Introductory statistics empowers students to independently evaluate quantitative data.

College algebra (BA) and an introduction to calculus (BS) enable students to work with rates of change, the heart of ecological science.

Critical-Tracking Requirement

Critical-Tracking Requirement BA BS
Biological Sciences BSC 2010 /L & BSC 2011 /L (8 credits) BSC 2010 /L & BSC 2011 /L (8 credits)
General Chemistry CHM 2045 /L (4 credits) CHM 2045 /L & CHM 2046 /L (8 credits)
Economics ECO 2013 & ECO 2023 (8 credits) AEB 3103 (4 credits) or ECO 2013 & ECO 2023 (8 credits)
Mathematics MAC 1147 (4 credits) MAC 2311 (4 credits) or MAC 2233 (3 credits)
Physics PHY 2004 (3 credits) or PHY 2020 (3 credits) PHY 2004 /L (4 credits) or PHY 2048 /L (4 credits) or PHY 2053 /L (5 credits)
Statistics STA 2023 (3 credits) STA 2023 (3 credits)
Public Speaking AEC 3030C (3 credits) or SPC 2608 (3 credits) N/A
Total 33 credits 30-36 credits

In addition to the critical tracking requirements, students admitted as freshmen are responsible for completing the university’s General Education and Writing Requirements. Certain critical tracking and core courses simultaneously fulfill General Education and Writing Requirements, and students should seek to maximize the number of overlapping courses for efficiency.

Biological and Physical Science and Mathematics requirements are satisfied through critical tracking coursework The Social and Behavioral Science requirement is satisfied through critical tracking coursework and the Civic Literacy requirement. SNRE recommends POS 2041 to meet the Civic Literacy requirement. Humanities: choosing Humanities courses that simultaneously meet the International and Diversity General Education requirements is recommended. To meet the state core requirement, recommended options are ARH 2000, MUL 2010, and THE 2000, For Quest 1 courses that also include Gen Ed International or Diversity, see http://undergrad.aa.ufl.edu/uf-quest/students/quest-courses/, Additional Required: this requirement is met by critical tracking and Quest 2. Composition: one General Education Composition course is chosen according to placement. The required writing course ENC 3254 (Writing in Environmental Science) fulfills the remaining requirement. Writing Requirement: the General Education Composition class awards 6000 words, as does ENC 3254 (Writing in Environmental Science). The remaining 12000 words should be earned by a combination of eligible core classes and electives.

After General Education and most critical-tracking coursework is complete, students begin to take the degree’s core courses (40-46 credits for the BA, 40-47 credits for the BS), providing a base of common knowledge and experience in subjects essential to Environmental Science.

Core Requirement

Core Requirement BA BS
Foundation Courses 7 credits 7 credits
General Ecology 3-4 credits 3-4 credits
Ecology of Specific Systems N/A 3 credits
Earth and Soil Science 3-4 credits 3-4 credits
Hydrologic Systems 3-4 credits 3-4 credits
Global Systems 3-4 credits 3-4 credits
Methods and Technology N/A 3-4 credits
Organic Chemistry N/A 3 credits
Natural Resource Management 3-4 credits 3-4 credits
Resource Economics 3-4 credits N/A
Environmental Ethics 3 credits 3 credits
Environmental Policy and Law 6 credits 3-4 credits
Social Science Perspectives 3 credits N/A
Capstone Course 3 credits 3 credits
Total 40-46 credits 40-47 credits

Beyond the core requirements, each student selects additional credits from a wide list of approved electives according to individual interest, allowing them to broaden their skillset or specialize in a particular aspect of environmental science.

Elective Requirement

Elective Requirement BA BS
Communication & Leadership 3-6 credits N/A
Additional Skills and Concepts 6-15 credits 6-15 credits
Biological Sciences 3-12 credits 6-15 credits
Physical Sciences N/A 3-15 credits
Human Dimensions 6-15 credits 3-9 credits

What is the importance of Environmental Studies in English?

Environment Studies and Its Importance to a Student Environment studies is all about learning the way we should live and how we can develop sustainable strategies to protect the environment. It helps individuals to develop an understanding of living and physical environment and how to resolve challenging environmental issues affecting nature.

  • In addition to studying the physical aspects of the environment, it also emphasizes the need to conserve biodiversity and adopt a more sustainable lifestyle and utilize resources in a responsible way.
  • To create awareness among today’s generation on pressing environmental problems, the University Grants Commission (UGC) has made it mandatory for the universities to introduce a course in environmental studies and teach students about the eco-system, pollution and problems concerned with the environment.

Let us discuss the dire need to include environmental studies in the course curriculum.

Learn how to use resources sustainably With natural resources such as air, water, oil, minerals are getting depleted rapidly, the environmental studies course can help students understand the importance of these resources and how we can improve the situation by taking appropriate actions in our regular lives to preserve these resources. Create awareness about preserving the environment

Whether it is spreading awareness against plastic use or air pollution, universities can conduct various beyond-the-classroom activities as a part of this course to make students understand the significance of protecting the environment. Activities such as conducting awareness programs and rallies can prevent the degradation of the environment.

Participate in the mass movement to protect nature While pursuing a course in environmental studies, students can be a part of mass public awareness movements and encourage their fellow batchmates to participate. Whether it is taking an initiative by planting trees in the campus, conducting workshops on various pressing issues or joining an NGO that supports environmental conservation, students can learn about various ways of protecting and conserving the environment.

Foster a healthy learning environment Such important non-academic courses empower students to take a lead in creating a healthier, greener and sustainable learning environment where students understand the importance of saving the environment and take necessary steps to conserve the natural resources.

  • Environment studies also help them develop the knowledge and skills required to address challenging environmental issues.
  • Pursue a full-time career in environment studies Career opportunities in environmental studies are thriving with multiple options in the energy industry, animal conservation and more.

You can prepare yourself for a fulfilling career that will include everything from conducting research, protecting the environment, crunching statistics, analyzing data, working in the field, interviewing people about disaster management and drafting policies with lawmakers to conserve the planet.

To sum up the importance of introducing environment studies in course curriculum, the objectives are mainly to help students realize the significance of natural resources and learn to develop solutions to pressing environmental problems. The aim should be developing a world where every individual is aware of and concerned about environmental issues and work towards creating sustainable strategies for the current situation and preventing future problems.

: Environment Studies and Its Importance to a Student

What is environment subject in English?

Table of Contents – Our environment is nature’s most precious and vital gift, and it needs to be handled with utmost care. It is the natural ecological system where we live, depending on each other for survival. The environment is divided into physical and biological components.

The atmosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere constitute the physical category, and the biological category comprises human beings and other living beings. In simple terms, the environment is defined as the combination and interrelation between all biotic and abiotic components. The ecosystem of our environment needs to be maintained in a proper balance, and if any part of it is disturbed, the whole ecosystem gets affected.

The environment refers to the surroundings in which life exists on earth. Components like animals, humans, sunlight, water, trees, and air make up the environment. They are the earth’s living and non-living components. Living organisms include trees, humans, and animals.

  1. Non-living components such as the sun, water and air are essential for man’s life.
  2. Both living and non-living organisms are dependent on each other to maintain a balanced ecosystem.
  3. A disturbance in any of the categories will create chaos in the entire ecosystem and threaten the environment.
  4. Just like the growing human population has become a threat to the environment.

Global warming is a major threat to the environment. The atmosphere and hydrosphere, on the other hand, are components of the environment that have an impact on the lives of living things. The atmosphere contains gases like oxygen and nitrogen. Every living being is developed according to the characteristics of these components.

  1. Aquatic species, for example, are designed to breathe underwater.
  2. Aerial animals are designed to live in the air.
  3. So even the tiniest change in nature’s subtle balance makes it difficult for living organisms to survive in the environment it is designed to live in.
  4. The environment is the natural world around an organism that allows it to survive.

The French word ‘environ,’ which means ‘to surround,’ is derived from the English word ‘environment.’ It is made up of living creatures like plants, animals, and human beings. The non-living elements of the environment are air, water, and land. Nature has designed its functioning in such a way that everything is interdependent.

  1. Human beings are the most powerful of all the creatures that rely on and make use of the earth’s natural resources.
  2. Air is required for the survival of not just humans but also plants and animals.
  3. Without air, there will be no life on Earth.
  4. Human beings alone are responsible for the degradation of the environment.

The atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere are the different layers that make up the environment. Several gases, like oxygen and nitrogen, that are required for life are found in the atmosphere. The hydrosphere is made up of different water bodies like rivers, oceans, seas, etc.

The lithosphere is the earth’s outermost layer, which is made up of rock and soil. The biosphere is home to all living beings. The environment is influenced by a variety of elements, some of which are natural and others man-made. We live in a God-gifted world, but humans are the reason behind the deterioration of the environment.

Everything that surrounds us constitutes the environment. The earth is made up of various environments in which all living and non-living things coexist. Nature’s biological, physical and natural forces interact to generate conditions that allow creatures to survive.

  • The environment is a term used to describe such circumstances.
  • A derivative of the word environment is the French word ‘environ,’ which means ‘to surround.’ The environment is made up of all biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) things.
  • Plants, animals, human beings, and insects are examples of biotic components.

They are classified as biological environmental components. Every living thing has a predetermined life cycle. The human being, for example, is the most powerful living entity on the planet. To meet his needs, he requires plants and animals. Without these components, the life of human beings will be disordered.

The atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere are all examples of abiotic/physical components. The atmosphere is a gaseous layer containing nitrogen, oxygen, and other gases. The hydrosphere is made up of all the water bodies, such as rivers and oceans. The lithosphere is the earth’s solid outer shell.

It is composed of the crust, covering the earth’s mantle, rocks, and soil. The biosphere, where life exists, is the most essential layer. There are ecosystems in the water, on land, and in the air. All of these species’ lives are predicated on their ongoing interaction with one another.

  • Their functioning is organised by nature, and once spent, it might be eliminated.
  • The destruction of the environment has now become a big issue that humans must address.
  • You can write a paragraph on the environment by stating the definition of environment and then explaining the importance of the environment.

The introduction of the paragraph should be interesting, and then the conclusion of the paragraph must be a summary of the entire paragraph. Yes, you can write about the pollution taking place in the environment and how harmful it is to the environment.

Is a BA in environmental science the same as a BS?

Requirements and Differences Between BA and BS Degrees – Both Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts degrees prepare students for a wide range of careers in environmental science. The BS places greater emphasis on the natural sciences, whereas the BA is more focused on the social sciences and their application to economics, policy, and management.

  • The freshmen and sophomore years lay a foundation of coursework through critical tracking classes for building later expertise.
  • Students need to know the natural sciences of physics, chemistry, and biology.
  • Study of microeconomics and macroeconomics is required to understand the human economy.
  • Introductory statistics empowers students to independently evaluate quantitative data.

College algebra (BA) and an introduction to calculus (BS) enable students to work with rates of change, the heart of ecological science.

Critical-Tracking Requirement

Critical-Tracking Requirement BA BS
Biological Sciences BSC 2010 /L & BSC 2011 /L (8 credits) BSC 2010 /L & BSC 2011 /L (8 credits)
General Chemistry CHM 2045 /L (4 credits) CHM 2045 /L & CHM 2046 /L (8 credits)
Economics ECO 2013 & ECO 2023 (8 credits) AEB 3103 (4 credits) or ECO 2013 & ECO 2023 (8 credits)
Mathematics MAC 1147 (4 credits) MAC 2311 (4 credits) or MAC 2233 (3 credits)
Physics PHY 2004 (3 credits) or PHY 2020 (3 credits) PHY 2004 /L (4 credits) or PHY 2048 /L (4 credits) or PHY 2053 /L (5 credits)
Statistics STA 2023 (3 credits) STA 2023 (3 credits)
Public Speaking AEC 3030C (3 credits) or SPC 2608 (3 credits) N/A
Total 33 credits 30-36 credits

In addition to the critical tracking requirements, students admitted as freshmen are responsible for completing the university’s General Education and Writing Requirements. Certain critical tracking and core courses simultaneously fulfill General Education and Writing Requirements, and students should seek to maximize the number of overlapping courses for efficiency.

Biological and Physical Science and Mathematics requirements are satisfied through critical tracking coursework The Social and Behavioral Science requirement is satisfied through critical tracking coursework and the Civic Literacy requirement. SNRE recommends POS 2041 to meet the Civic Literacy requirement. Humanities: choosing Humanities courses that simultaneously meet the International and Diversity General Education requirements is recommended. To meet the state core requirement, recommended options are ARH 2000, MUL 2010, and THE 2000, For Quest 1 courses that also include Gen Ed International or Diversity, see http://undergrad.aa.ufl.edu/uf-quest/students/quest-courses/, Additional Required: this requirement is met by critical tracking and Quest 2. Composition: one General Education Composition course is chosen according to placement. The required writing course ENC 3254 (Writing in Environmental Science) fulfills the remaining requirement. Writing Requirement: the General Education Composition class awards 6000 words, as does ENC 3254 (Writing in Environmental Science). The remaining 12000 words should be earned by a combination of eligible core classes and electives.

After General Education and most critical-tracking coursework is complete, students begin to take the degree’s core courses (40-46 credits for the BA, 40-47 credits for the BS), providing a base of common knowledge and experience in subjects essential to Environmental Science.

Core Requirement

Core Requirement BA BS
Foundation Courses 7 credits 7 credits
General Ecology 3-4 credits 3-4 credits
Ecology of Specific Systems N/A 3 credits
Earth and Soil Science 3-4 credits 3-4 credits
Hydrologic Systems 3-4 credits 3-4 credits
Global Systems 3-4 credits 3-4 credits
Methods and Technology N/A 3-4 credits
Organic Chemistry N/A 3 credits
Natural Resource Management 3-4 credits 3-4 credits
Resource Economics 3-4 credits N/A
Environmental Ethics 3 credits 3 credits
Environmental Policy and Law 6 credits 3-4 credits
Social Science Perspectives 3 credits N/A
Capstone Course 3 credits 3 credits
Total 40-46 credits 40-47 credits

Beyond the core requirements, each student selects additional credits from a wide list of approved electives according to individual interest, allowing them to broaden their skillset or specialize in a particular aspect of environmental science.

Elective Requirement

Elective Requirement BA BS
Communication & Leadership 3-6 credits N/A
Additional Skills and Concepts 6-15 credits 6-15 credits
Biological Sciences 3-12 credits 6-15 credits
Physical Sciences N/A 3-15 credits
Human Dimensions 6-15 credits 3-9 credits

What is BA in English studies for the professions?

Admission –

BA (Hons) in English Studies for the Professions (BAESP)
JUPAS Code: JS3480 (Broad Discipline of Language, Culture and Communication) BAESP provides you with a set of knowledge and skills to communicate effectively in English for professional and business purposes in Hong Kong and internationally, where English functions as the key medium of communication (lingua franca) in various types of professional activity. Upon graduation you should have the ability to handle demanding professional tasks such as:

Writing a challenging press release for an organisation;

Developing promotional materials in the service industries, including air transport, banking, computer and information technology, telecommunications, and tourism, convention and exhibition;

Promoting an organisation’s image through developing corporate literature;

Making requests of colleagues and business partners in complicated situations; and

Critiquing your own professional performance and that of others.

Programme Aims and Learning Outcomes The Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Programme in English Studies for the Professions (BAESP) aims at nurturing and developing students with abilities/attributes that will prepare our graduates to become competent English language professionals and responsible global citizens in the 21st century.

At the professional level, the programme aims to produce graduates with a) a high level of competence in English, b) a sound understanding of the theoretical disciplines underlying applied English language studies and the integrated use of languages concerned, and c) a strong ability to apply their knowledge and generic linguistic skills in a variety of professional communication contexts.

The programme will equip graduates with professional /academic knowledge and skills as well as attributes for all-roundedness in an integrated manner. The programme aims to produce graduates:

  1. who possess a high level of professional communicative competence in English;
  2. who have a firm grounding in language studies which can be critically and creatively applied in a variety of business and management contexts;
  3. who have an awareness and understanding of intercultural communication in multilingual settings that enhances their global outlook and cultural appreciation;
  4. who are able to apply their strong communication skills to solving real-world problems effectively in local and global multilingual professional/business settings.
  5. who are capable of exercising judgment and developing intellectual curiosity to work both independently and as part of a team;
  6. who are aware of the need for and are committed to life-long learning; and
  7. who will have the potential to become future leaders and entrepreneurs excelling in communication for professional purposes.

Recognition by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong The programme is recognised by the Education Bureau and its Standing Committee on Language Education and Research as an English Language Major Degree Programme which meets the Hong Kong Government’s Language Proficiency Requirement.

  • Level 3 or above in English Language and Chinese Language; and
  • Level 2 or above in Mathematics, Liberal Studies and one elective subject.

The following subjects will be given the highest weighting in the calculation of admission scores:

  • Chinese Language
  • English Language

Alternative Entry Route (Non-JUPAS) Applicants who possess a Higher Diploma/Associate Degree in a language-related discipline may be considered for entry to Year 3 of the programme. Enquiries General Office, Department of English Tel: 3400 3497 Fax: 2333 6569 Email: [email protected] Website: http://www.engl.polyu.edu.hk/BAESP.html Other Information Mode of Study: Full-time Normal Duration: 4 years Credits Required: 123 academic credits (plus 3 training credits) Fund Type: Government-funded Programme Leader : Prof.