How To Cure Pigmentation
8 Treatment Options for Hyperpigmentation
- Face acids.
- Chemical peel.
- Laser peel.
- IPL therapy.
- Lightening creams.
What is the cause of pigmentation?
What causes hyperpigmentation? – Skin gets its color from a substance called melanin, which is made by skin cells. When those skin cells are damaged or unhealthy, they can produce too much melanin, The melanin can clump, causing that area to appear darker. Many things can lead to hyperpigmentation:
Adrenal disorders such as Addison’s disease, when the body doesn’t make enough of a hormone called cortisol. Genetics, such as a family with freckles. Hormone changes, such as during puberty or pregnancy. Injury to the skin (for example, acne, cuts or burns), which is sometimes called postinflammatory hyperpigmentation. Medications, such as oral contraceptives (birth control pills) and drugs that cause sensitivity to light. Melasma, Not getting enough of certain vitamins, such as B12 and folic acid. Sun damage (these spots are often called solar lentigines). Thyroid disorders.
Does skin pigmentation go away?
Most dark spots will then fade on their own over time, but it may take a long time. Skin injury: As the wound heals, you may see a dark spot or patch. In time, the hyperpigmentation will fade if you don’t re-injure your skin.
What foods make hyperpigmentation worse?
Are There Any Foods To Avoid For Pigmentation? – Some food items contain chemical hormones that worsen hyperpigmentation conditions. Soy, black beans, flax seeds, and chickpeas are some foods that cause hyperpigmentation. If you’re wondering about the consumption of high amounts of sugar and spicy food, well, they aren’t skin-friendly.
What makes hyperpigmentation worse?
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We do the research so you can find trusted products for your health and wellness. What’s hyperpigmentation? Hyperpigmentation isn’t necessarily a condition but a term that describes skin that appears darker. It can:
occur in small patchescover large areasaffect the entire body
While increased pigmentation usually isn’t harmful, it can be a symptom of another medical condition. Learn about types of hyperpigmentation, causes, and how to treat it. There are several types of hyperpigmentation, the common ones being melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Melasma. Melasma is believed to be caused by hormonal changes and may develop during pregnancy. Areas of hyperpigmentation can appear on any area of the body, but they appear most commonly on the stomach and face. Sunspots. Also called liver spots or solar lentigines, sunspots are common. They’re related to excess sun exposure over time. Generally, they appear as spots on areas exposed to the sun, like the hands and face. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. This is a result of injury or inflammation to the skin. A common cause of this type is acne,
Darkened areas on the skin are the main symptoms of hyperpigmentation. Patches can vary in size and develop anywhere on the body. The biggest risk factors for general hyperpigmentation are sun exposure and inflammation, as both situations can increase melanin production.
oral contraceptive use or pregnancy, as seen with melasmadarker skin type, which is more prone to pigmentation changesdrugs that increase your sensitivity to the sunlighttrauma to the skin, such as a wound or superficial burn injury
A common cause of hyperpigmentation is an excess production of melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives skin its color. It’s produced by skin cells called melanocytes. Several different conditions or factors can alter the production of melanin in your body.
- Certain medications can cause hyperpigmentation.
- Also, some chemotherapy drugs can cause hyperpigmentation as a side effect.
- Pregnancy changes hormone levels and can affect melanin production in some women.
- A rare endocrine disease called Addison’s disease can produce hyperpigmentation that’s most obvious in areas of sun exposure, such as the face, neck, and hands, and areas exposure to friction, such as elbows and knees.
The hyperpigmentation is a direct result of an increased level of a hormone in your body that results in increased melanin synthesis. Excessive sun exposure can also cause an increase in melanin. A dermatologist can diagnose the cause of your hyperpigmentation.
- They will request your medical history and give you a physical exam to determine the cause.
- In some cases, a skin biopsy can narrow down the cause.
- Topical prescription medication can treat some cases of hyperpigmentation.
- This medication usually contains hydroquinone, which lightens the skin.
- However, prolonged use of topical hydroquinone (without any breaks in use) can cause darkening of the skin, known as ochronosis.
So it’s best to use topical hydroquinone only under the care of a dermatologist so that they can properly guide you on how to use the medication without any adverse effects. Using topical retinoids also assists with lightening dark spots of the skin. Both of these medications can take a few months to lighten darkened areas.
a physical blocking sunscreen, preferably with zinc oxide as the main active ingredientat least an SPF 30 to 50broad spectrum coverage
Use a sunscreen daily. Reapply it every 2 hours if you’re out in the sun — more frequently if you’re sweating or swimming. There are also skin disorders with which visible light may play a role in perpetuating the hyperpigmentation, such as in melasma,
- In that case, look for a mineral sunscreen that also has iron oxide in it, which can block some visible light.
- Use daily.
- Wear sun-protective clothing that’s SPF-infused.
- Shop for SPF-infused clothing online.
- Your doctor may also suggest laser treatment or chemical peels to reduce hyperpigmentation, depending on the cause of your hyperpigmentation.
If you don’t already have a dermatologist, you can browse doctors in your area through the Healthline FindCare tool. It’s not always possible to prevent hyperpigmentation. However, you can protect yourself by:
using sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30wearing hats or clothing that block sunlightavoiding the sun during the time of the day when it’s strongest, which is typically 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Avoiding certain medications may also help prevent hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation isn’t generally harmful and usually isn’t a sign of a serious medical condition. In some cases, dark areas will fade on their own with good sun protection. In other cases, more aggressive treatment is needed. There’s no guarantee that the dark spots will fade completely, even with treatment.
How can I reduce pigmentation overnight?
Aloe Vera – According to research, aloe vera includes aloin, a naturally occurring depigmenting substance that has been demonstrated to lighten skin and function well as a nontoxic hyperpigmentation therapy. For using this:
Before going to bed, apply pure aloe vera gel on pigmented areas. The next morning, rinse with warm water. Repeating the procedure every day will make your skin tone better.
Can pigmentation be cured completely?
Are the results of the treatment permanent? – The results of the laser removal of pigmentation are permanent as it will directly target the dark spots on our skin and lift it up and out entirely. Once this treatment is done, there will be no recurrence of this condition.
How long does pigmentation take to heal?
What is Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation? Medically Reviewed by on November 02, 2021 Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) happens when your skin makes extra melanin after it has been irritated or injured. Melanin is a natural pigment that is responsible for the color in our hair, skin, and eyes.
- PIH can affect either your epidermis, which is your skin’s surface level, or your dermis — a deep layer of your skin.
- When your skin cells react to damage or irritation by making extra melanin, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is the result.
- This skin condition shows up as tan, brown, dark brown, or even blue-gray patches and spots on your skin.
The most common causes are acne, eczema, and, but any type of trauma or irritation to the skin has the potential to cause PIH. Other commonly reported post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation causes include:
InfectionsBug bitesBurnsRazor bumpsAllergic reactions
Some medical or cosmetic procedures can also cause PIH. Laser or light therapies, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, and chemical peels have been linked to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can happen to both men and women.
Skin lighteners such as hydroquinone and azelaic acid to help reduce melanin production and steroids to increase skin cell turnoverChemical peels like salicylic or glycolic acid to remove skin cells with extra melanin
Deeper dermoid PIH is more difficult to remove and can be treated with stronger chemical peels or certain types of laser therapy. Some methods of treating PIH have the potential to cause irritation and even make the problem worse, so it’s important to be mindful of your skin’s condition.
There is no quick fix for PIH. Even with treatment, it can take a long time for your skin to return to normal. Epidermal PIH can last for 6 to 12 months or more. Dermal PIH can take years to fade, and spots may be permanent. There is also a chance new spots can show up, or that your PIH will come back again after fading.
Treatment for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation often involves more than one method. Your doctor might suggest a combination therapy that includes a topical steroid, a retinoid, and hydroquinone. Living with PIH doesn’t cause any serious physical health problems on its own, but it can affect your,
Choose makeup that looks natural and matches your skin tone.Know if your skin is dry, normal, or oily, and choose products for your skin type.Find a product that does not feel greasy and is non-comedogenic — meaning it won’t clog your pores. Look for makeup that is waterproof or advertises long-lasting coverage. Pick a product that is easy to apply every day. Use color correctors under foundation or concealer for better coverage.
The sun’s UV rays can have a big impact on PIH. Proper UV protection is important to prevent PIH skin spots from darkening and new ones from forming. Avoid the sun when possible, wear protective clothing, and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30 every day. © 2020 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved. : What is Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation?