How To Relieve Thumb Joint Pain
Nonsurgical Treatment – In its early stages, arthritis at the base of the thumb will respond to nonsurgical treatment.
Ice the joint for 5 to 15 minutes several times a day. Take an anti-inflammatory medication, such as aspirin or ibuprofen, to help reduce inflammation and swelling. Wear a supportive splint to limit the movement of your thumb and allow the joint to rest. The splint may protect both the wrist and the thumb. It may be worn overnight or from time to time during the day.
Because arthritis is a progressive, degenerative disease, the condition may worsen over time. The next phase in treatment involves injecting a steroid solution injection directly into the joint. This will usually provide relief for several months. However, these injections cannot be repeated indefinitely and may become less effective over time.
- 0.1 What does it mean when your thumb joint hurts?
- 0.2 Will thumb joint pain go away?
- 0.3 How long should thumb pain last?
- 0.4 What vitamin is lacking if you have thumb joint pain?
- 0.5 How do I know if my thumb pain is serious?
- 0.6 What does thumb tendonitis feel like?
- 0.7 Should I be worried if my thumb hurts?
- 1 What is Stage 1 early rheumatoid arthritis in thumb?
- 2 Can vitamin D deficiency cause finger joint pain?
- 3 How long does a thumb arthritis flare up last?
What does it mean when your thumb joint hurts?
Thumb arthritis – Thumb arthritis occurs when the cartilage in the carpometacarpal (CMC) joint wears away. Thumb arthritis is common with aging and occurs when cartilage wears away from the ends of the bones that form the joint at the base of your thumb — also known as the carpometacarpal (CMC) joint.
Will thumb joint pain go away?
Surgical solutions – If exercise, medications, and splinting do not sufficiently reduce pain and restore range of motion and strength, surgery may be required. Possible surgeries for thumb arthritis include:
Trapeziectomy. One of your wrist bones involved in the thumb joint is removed. Osteotomy. The bones in your joint are moved and aligned correctly. They may be trimmed to remove excess growth. Joint fusion. The bones in the joint are fused. This improves stability and reduces pain. However, there is no longer flexibility in the joint, and you will no longer be able to perform certain tasks. Joint replacement. The joint is replaced with tendon grafts.
While there is no cure for arthritis in your thumb, there are various simple treatments that can help relieve symptoms for many people. Talk with a doctor or physical therapist about which treatments might work best for you.
How long should thumb pain last?
A sprain can occur when a ligament in the thumb is injured or torn. Ligaments connect two bones, forming a joint. A sprain can be very painful and may be confused with a broken bone or a joint problem, such as arthritis. The hand is made up of a complex group of joints, including tendons, ligaments, and muscles.
- When joints bear too much pressure, receive sharp blows, or are overextended, the ligaments can become injured, resulting in a sprain.
- The severity of a sprain depends on many factors, including whether the ligament is torn and how severe the tear is.
- Sprains can also be tricky to distinguish when they occur with other injuries.
Minor sprains can heal in as few as 2 weeks. More severe sprains can take 6 to 12 weeks, or longer. Anyone who experiences thumb pain, particularly if it lasts longer than a few days should see a doctor. Even though most sprains do not require treatment, a doctor might recommend a splint and ensure that there is no additional damage.
Rest : Avoid typing and other activities that require a lot of thumb movement. Wear a splint if recommended. Ice : Apply ice to the injury for 20 minutes at a time and repeat at regular intervals, four to eight times per day. Medication : Take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs ), such as ibuprofen. Elevation : Keep the area elevated for the first few days.
Preventing the joint from moving can also speed healing time, particularly with more severe sprains. A doctor may recommend wearing a splint or cast for several weeks. If a severe sprain is left untreated, it can lead to other problems, The ligament may tear more, and surrounding areas may be injured. Some people develop chronic weakness, instability, deformity, or arthritis,
What vitamin is lacking if you have thumb joint pain?
Get some sunlight – Sun exposure is the second significant source of vitamin D, Ultraviolet (UV) light starts a chemical reaction in the skin that produces a usable form of vitamin D. How much vitamin D your body produces changes with the environment and how well your skin absorbs vitamin D.
- Those with darker skin need more sun exposure.
- The right dose of sunshine for getting vitamin D is hard to estimate.
- However, depending on skin color and how well you absorb vitamin D, aim for about 5 to 30 minutes of exposure between 10 a.m.
- And 3 p.m.
- At least twice per week.
- The exposure should be to your face, arms, legs, or back, without sunscreen.
Sunscreens with an SPF of 8 or higher block vitamin D-producing UV rays. For some people, a supplement may be needed regardless of the amount of time in the sun. Talk to your healthcare provider about your vitamin D levels. If you work at an office job or live in an area that doesn’t have a lot of sun, consider purchasing a vitamin D lamp.
- It’s very rare to get too much vitamin D.
- But overdose can potentially be very serious.
- Vitamin D toxicity is most likely to be caused by taking too many supplements.
- Taking 60,000 IU per day of vitamin D for several months can cause vitamin D toxicity,
- This is about 100 times the typical adult recommended dietary allowance of 600 IU.
People who have certain health problems may need less vitamin D than the average person and be more susceptible to excess levels. Your body regulates the amount of vitamin D it gets from sunlight and food. It’s difficult to get too much vitamin D from the sun.
- Too much time in the sun interferes with your body creating vitamin D.
- The biggest risk of sun exposure is skin cancer,
- You should wear sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15 before going outside into the sun.
- Sunscreen should be reapplied every 2 hours.
- Vitamin D toxicity can lead to a buildup of calcium in your blood.
This is a condition known as hypercalcemia, The symptoms include:
poor appetitenauseavomitingweaknessfrequent urinationkidney problems
The primary treatment is to reduce or discontinue use of vitamin D supplements. In extreme cases, intravenous fluids or medications may be necessary. People who have low levels of vitamin D often have joint pain. Vitamin D supplements may treat joint pain in some people who have a vitamin D deficiency.
How do I know if my thumb pain is serious?
Thumb stretch – Credit: Active Body, Creative Mind Many thumb injuries can result from activities involving gripping. Specifically, working on the opposable motion of the thumb may help strengthen the muscles and joints in the digit.
lay the back of the hand on a table, with the palm facing upwards and fingers spread outreach the thumb over to the base of the little fingerhold and release back to the start positionrepeat up to 10 timesrepeat on the opposite hand
People should contact a doctor if their thumb pain is persistent, severe, or impacts their ability to perform daily tasks and activities. People should seek immediate medical attention if they believe they may have dislocated or fractured their thumb. Some signs to look out for include:
inability to move the thumbswelling or warmth in or around the thumb a thumb that appears crooked or feels unstable
To diagnose the underlying cause of thumb pain, a doctor will conduct a physical examination and ask about potential causes. If the cause of the pain is unclear, the doctor may order imaging tests, such as an X-ray, MRI, or ultrasound, Thumb pain can occur as a result of repetitive movements, injury, and systemic inflammatory diseases.
What does thumb tendonitis feel like?
Signs of De Quervain’s tendonitis – The universal symptom of De Quervain’s tenosynovitis is pain on the thumb side of the wrist, which sometimes extends up the forearm. If you have thumb tendonitis from De Quervain’s, you may also notice:
Swelling on the thumb side of the wrist A catching or snapping feeling when you move the thumb Thumb and wrist stiffness Thumb pain or weakness and trouble lifting things – even a coffee cup
Eventually, you may notice a squeaking or snapping noise (called crepitus ) as the tendons move through the narrowed tunnel.
Should I be worried if my thumb hurts?
Non-urgent advice: See a GP if: –
the pain in your thumb is stopping you doing normal activitiesthe pain is getting worse or keeps coming backthe pain has not improved after treating it at home for 2 weeksyou have any tingling or loss of sensation in your handyou have diabetes – hand problems can be more serious if you have diabetes
Does massage help thumb arthritis?
For osteoarthritis, massage can help decrease swelling and pain, improve joint mobility and provide tension and stress relief.
Should you exercise arthritic thumb?
Gently exercising your fingers and thumbs with a hand workout can improve their range of motion and decrease arthritis symptoms. It’s one of the best ways to maintain function and independence.
What is Stage 1 early rheumatoid arthritis in thumb?
Stage 1 – In early stage RA, the joint capsule becomes inflamed, and the synovial tissues swell. This process causes joint pain, visible swelling, and stiffness. If a primary care physician or rheumatologist diagnoses RA at this early stage, before joint damage begins, the chances of having extended periods with no symptoms increase significantly.
- The best outcomes occur when a person receives an RA diagnosis and appropriate treatment within 12 weeks of developing symptoms.
- Around 10–15% of individuals with RA experience remission if they get the right treatment quickly.
- In addition to performing a physical examination, doctors use blood tests to look for high levels of inflammatory markers and changes in the blood that can confirm an RA diagnosis.
These tests can look for two specific antibodies: rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA), which people with RA typically have in elevated amounts. Tests can detect RF in up to 80% of people with RA, and ACPAs in up to 90% of cases.
How do you test for arthritis in the thumb?
How to test for thumb arthritis. – A simple way you can test for thumb arthritis at home is to touch the tip of your thumb to the tip of your index finger. When you complete this test you should see the shape of an O. If the shape looks more like a D that is an indication of thumb arthritis. This “O” shape is indicative of no arthritis. This “D” shape is indicative of thumb arthritis.
Why has my thumb been hurting for 2 months?
Unless you’re Fonzie, Little Jack Horner or a hitch-hiker, you probably don’t give your thumbs much thought or notice on any given day. But when they start to ache, as the saying goes, they can stick out like a sore thumb. People with thumb pain quickly realize how often they use their hands.
- Daily activities can become difficult, even disabling.
- Turning a door knob, opening a pickle jar, and turning the key in the car ignition are all continual reminders of their problem.
- Overuse and rough treatment are the most common causes of thumb pain.
- In the course of our daily lives, it is extremely easy to bang, jam, twist, pound and otherwise injure our thumbs.
Among the most common activities that can make your thumbs throw a temper tantrum:
Texting or using your cell phone for long periods of time Playing lots of video games Excessive typing and computer usage Using hand tools or operating machinery repetitively Sports injuries
In these instances, thumb pain can usually be alleviated by ceasing the activity, as well as getting rest, applying ice and/or compression and taking an over-the-counter pain reliever. But if pain persists – particularly if accompanied by stiffness, tenderness and swelling – one has to take into consideration the possibility of a more serious condition such as arthritis.
- The most common diagnosis for persistent thumb pain is basal joint arthritis – the wearing away of cartilage in the joint at the base of the thumb.
- Due to the fact that the thumb’s base joint is such a mobile structure, there is a predisposition to develop severe arthritis here.
- Interestingly, women with the disorder outnumber men by a ratio of almost ten to one.
Furthermore, people with mechanical loading activities, such a massage therapists or manual laborers, have a greater tendency to develop this disorder. Basal joint arthritis can occur in both hands, typically with one side more severe in symptoms. Common complaints are painful pinch activities (such as clipping nails) and limited breadth of grasp (as in pulling things from a grocery shelf).
More advanced instances of basal joint arthritis can lead to a slipping sensation at the thumb base and an enlarging prominence of this area. A clinical exam of the hand and x-rays, along with the severity of symptoms, will direct the treatment of this disorder. Conservative management is the general approach, as many patients respond well to these measures.
Initial treatment for basal joint arthritis is a multi-faceted regimen involving careful coordination between your hand surgeon and hand therapist, as well as a modification of normal activities. Anti-inflammatory medication combined with steroid injections of the thumb joint can alleviate symptoms.
- These measures are often coupled with thumb splints to protect the thumb and minimize movement that could provoke symptoms.
- Hand therapists play a vital role by educating the patient on joint protection techniques, work modification principles, and an exercise program focusing on strengthening the muscles around the joint.
Together, all these measures can significantly reduce thumb pain and inflammation. With successful improvement of symptoms, the majority of patients can avoid surgery,, In the patient who fails conservative hand and thumb therapy, surgical intervention is determined by factors such as pain, deformity, weakness that interferes with daily activity, and x-ray changes.
- Radiological imaging helps guide the treatment approach.
- In addition, hand dominance and work/leisure activities must also be considered.
- Surgical techniques include interposing spacers into the thumb joint, reconstruction of the ligaments around the thumb base with excision of the joint/bone arthritis, and joint fusion.
Surgery requires a period of convalescence, allowing for healing and surgical swelling to subside. After two to three months, most patients will have undergone hand therapy and are returning to normal daily hand activities. When symptoms are severe and thumb surgery is elected, most patients have a profound improvement in quality of life and relief of pain.
Why has my thumb been hurting for 2 weeks?
3 Causes of Thumb Pain – There are many potential causes for thumb pain, but the three most common conditions that tend to develop are 1) arthritis, 2) trigger thumb, and 3) De Quervain tenosynovitis. The location of the pain and symptoms can help determine the exact cause of your pain and what your best treatment option may be.
What happens if thumb arthritis is left untreated?
Basilar Joint Arthritis, a Common Cause of Thumb Pain in Women Rarely do we think about all that we accomplish with our hands, until we begin to lose this ability. As an orthopedic surgeon specializing in the small bones and joints of the hand, wrist and elbow, I see first-hand how debilitating it can be for patients, particularly in a population staying active and living longer than generations past.
A form of osteoarthritis, Basilar joint arthritis, also referred to as Basal Joint and arthritis of the thumb, affects women more commonly than men and generally occurs after 40 years of age. It is unclear why this type of arthritis affects women more than men. It is prompted by the same joint conditions predisposing any other joint in the body to arthritis, joint instability — possibly caused by the improper healing of an injury or repeated injury to the joint — cartilage deterioration, and general wear and tear.
Patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis are also more susceptible to osteoarthritis. Arthritis affecting the basilar joint of the thumb, or the first carpometacarpal joint located near the wrist bone, is called Basilar joint arthritis. How Basilar Joint Arthritis Happens The unique shapes of the small bones of the thumb permit its movement in and out of the plane of the palm to oppose the other fingers.
- The stability of the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb depends on several small ligaments, which allow movement but remain close to the joint surfaces.
- If the ligaments loosen and permit too much sliding of the joint surfaces, increased wear on the joint cartilage may occur leading to arthritis.
- A fracture or injury can also lead to joint dysfunction and deterioration, ultimately leading to arthritis as well.
Inflammation may occur as joint degeneration progresses. Pain is prominent when pressure is applied to the joint in pinching and grasping activities. If left untreated, joint surfaces are eventually destroyed and bony spurs may develop around the joint.
Pain and tenderness at the base of the thumb that worsens when snapping, turning a key or door knob. An overall enlarged appearance of the thumb. Improper alignment of the joint.
Eventually, the pain discourages use of the thumb, resulting in joint weakness and muscle loss. Diagnosis After assessing a patient’s history and an examination of the thumb, an X-ray may help show the degree of joint damage. A series of X-rays can help determine the rate of progression.
Treatment Treatment is determined based on the affect that the arthritis has had on a patient’s joint at the time of diagnosis. It may involve conservative therapies, such as anti-inflammatory medications, rest from certain irritating activities, corticosteroid injections, rehabilitation and occupational therapy, as well as splinting of the thumb to provide support, reducing pain and preventing deformity.
In more severe cases, advanced arthroplasty procedures and refined joint implants are proving successful. During the procedure the damaged joint surfaces are removed and replaced with a substitute joint, eliminating pain, and improving strength and range of motion.
Dr. Evan Collins is a board-certified, fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeon who specializes in injuries and conditions affecting the hand, wrist and elbow. He is a published author and continues to participate in research focused on repetitive stress injuries and degenerative joint conditions. Formerly the Chief of the Hand Section and Director of the Hand Fellowship at Baylor College of Medicine, he serves today as Director of The Houston Methodist Hand & Upper Extremity Center and is a member of the faculty of Weill Cornell Medical College.
Dr. Collins is located 6560 Fannin, Suite 410 in Houston TX 77030, and he can be reached at 713.441.3535. : Basilar Joint Arthritis, a Common Cause of Thumb Pain in Women
Can vitamin D deficiency cause finger joint pain?
Can Vitamin D Deficiency Cause Joint Pain and Swelling? > > > Can Vitamin D Deficiency Cause Joint Pain and Swelling? Do you know that one of the most vital nutrients that promote bone health is Vitamin D? Yes, multiple studies show that a deficiency of this vitamin can lead to joint pain and swelling. As Vitamin D is required for bone building and bone health, therefore a deficiency of it will negatively affect the bones. Since our school days, we have known how important Vitamin D is for bone health. So, today let’s know a little more about the importance of Vitamin D and how to manage its deficiency. Vitamin D, also known as the sunshine vitamin, is an essential fat-soluble vitamin. The nickname “sunshine vitamin” is because of its ability to manufacture under exposure to sunlight. It also regulates the level of calcium and phosphorus in the human body.
- That is why it is so essential for teeth and bone health.
- It can also help maintain various autoimmune medical conditions like Type 1 diabetes,,, etc.
- The deficiency of Vitamin D can lead to osteomalacia (softening of bones) in adults.
- In children, the deficiency is known to cause rickets.
- Is also another medical condition that occurs due to low levels of Vitamin D.
A study investigated the effect of vitamin D serum on hip and knee pain in elderly people. The result shows that a moderate level of vitamin D deficiency can predict the onset of hip pain in 2.4 years and knee pain in 5 years. The research also supported that the pain could worsen if the deficiency was not treated.
- Another study suggests that patients with low Vitamin D levels suffering from chronic pain might get relief from taking Vitamin D supplements.
- However, more follow-up research is needed to know if the supplements would help all patients suffering from chronic pain.
- A study was conducted to understand the correlation between Vitamin D and rheumatoid arthritis.
Here, the results showed that patients having rheumatoid arthritis have low levels of Vitamin D. In contrast, other research states that people with rheumatoid arthritis have Vitamin D deficiency due to corticosteroid medications.However, a 2015 Cochrane study showed that the current evidence is not enough to link vitamin D deficiency and joint pain.
- More evidence and research need to be done in this arena to gain more concrete information.
- One of the best ways to reduce joint pain is to focus on other vitamins that can help.
- For instance, calcium and vitamin K can help decrease joint pain.
- In addition, studies state that probiotics and can also help ease joint pain.
So if you have a deficiency of vitamin D, let’s know what you can eat to manage it. The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for Vitamin D is 600 IU (International Units) daily for women and men above 19 years old. The food items listed below are an excellent source of Vitamin D.
Cod liver oil Salmon Mushrooms Egg yolks Orange Juice Cereals
Can low vitamin D cause arthritis pain?
Upping your vitamin D intake has been shown to help with symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. – Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium, which is essential for building strong bones. Too little of this vital nutrient can lead to having thin, soft and brittle bones, known as osteomalacia in adults and rickets in children.
- Studies also have found that a lack of vitamin D is linked to rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease characterized by swollen, aching joints and numbness and tingling in the hands and feet.
- In a study published in the Journal of Clinical Rheumatology, scientists found that vitamin D deficiency not only is highly prevalent in rheumatoid arthritis patients, but it’s also related to chronic pain and lower mental and physical quality of life (QOL) scores.
Another study revealed that a higher intake of vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids may be associated with better treatment results in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis.
When should I see a doctor for thumb pain?
When To See A Doctor – Many of us tend to ignore hand pain, writing it off as something that will go away on its own. And in many cases, it might; most minor injuries will require only rest, ice, and time to heal. But you never want to ignore consistent, long-term pain.
How long does a thumb arthritis flare up last?
How long does it last? – Arthritis flare-ups can be variable, but they generally last three to five days with conservative care. Home care can include anti-inflammatory medicines, changing activities, and using ice, compression, or bracing. If doing those things isn’t helping after a week, come in to see the Summit team, and we can help it along.
Office-based treatments like joint aspiration and cortisone injections can provide relief from an arthritis flare-up. Over the long term, it’s smart to keep track of how many flare-ups you’re having. If they are increasing, it might be time to look into injections or surgery. In other words, if you’re having more bad days than good, it’s worth having a discussion about what Summit can do to fix that.
It’s a quality-of-life issue.
How long does thumb tendonitis take to heal?
Treatment – Treatment for de Quervain tenosynovitis is aimed at reducing inflammation, preserving movement in the thumb and preventing recurrence. If you start treatment early, your symptoms should improve within 4 to 6 weeks. If de Quervain tenosynovitis starts during pregnancy, symptoms are likely to end around the end of either pregnancy or breastfeeding.