How To Treat Black Fungus At Home

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How To Treat Black Fungus At Home
Complete Mold Killer & Remover – Now 20% Off Hydrogen peroxide is a natural and safe way to stop black mold growth. It’s a 3-in-1 antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal remedy; it’s safe to use; and it’s easy on the environment. Use it to remove mold from porous materials, like woven furniture.

  • Mix one part 3% hydrogen peroxide with 2 parts water and in a spray bottle.
  • If you really want to avoid purchasing a spray bottle (although seriously, get the bottle!), you can also soak a towel in this solution and wipe it directly over mold growth.
  • Let the solution sit for up to 10 minutes, and then scrub the area with a small brush or toothbrush.

Wipe any remaining mold away with a towel and let the area dry.

How do you get rid of black fungus?

Black Fungus Treatment – Black Fungus treatment usually includes antifungal medications. Medications like Posaconazole, Isavuconazole, and Amphotericin B can stop the growth of the fungus and bring the infection under control until the fungus is completely destroyed.

Is black fungus curable or not?

What are treatment options of Mucormycosis? – Mucormycosis is a serious infectious disease, it can become fatal if not treated quickly. In cases where the infection identified at early sinus stage, mostly patients completely recover from it.

Antifungal medicines (Liposomal Amphotericin B, Posaconazole and Isavuconazole) are given through a vein or by mouth. Often require a surgery to cut the infected tissue or parts.

Amphotericin B is an effective antifungal agent used to treat serious, life-threatening fungal infections but having strong side effects like blood in your stools, neurological issues such as seizure (convulsions), kidney dysfunction (such as little or no urination; painful or difficult urination, swelling in your feet or ankles), fluid build-up in your lungs, jaundice and stroke.

  • Patients might require an intravenous anti-fungal procedure up to 28 to 42 days.
  • Due to second wave of Coronavirus (COVID-19), twin cities Hyderabad and Secundrabad in Telangana recorded a new highest-ever surge in daily average cases that reported new serious and life-threatening disease i.e.
  • Black fungal infection (mucormycosis).

Government of Telangana health department declared it a notifiable disease under the Epidemic Diseases Act 1897, Director of Public Health made it mandatory for all government and list of hospitals treating black fungus in Hyderabad to report all suspected and confirmed cases to the Health Department.

What are the warning signs of black fungus disease that need immediate medical attention?

Nasal blockageAbnormal black discharge or crust, bleeding from the noseEyes pain, swollen eyes, double vision, redness around eyes, paralysis of eyelid musclesFacial pain, numbness and tingling sensationDifficulty in opening mouth or chewing

Black fungus cases are being seen among COVID patients who were on steroids to treat symptoms, and also among those who are suffering from cancer and diabetes. Why COVID-19 patients are getting infected by black fungus? Patients with Coronavirus (COVID-19) disease have increased level of inflammation and severe respiratory infection due to that body’s immune system has been compromised.

Mucor fungi that are disseminated in air take advantage of weakened immune system, invade tissues and infect the person resulting black fungus infection also called mucormycosis (zygomycosis). Is black fungal disease (mucormycosis) deadly? Black fungal disease (mucormycosis), a serious fungal infection and can become deadly if not treated at early stages.50-80% of infected patients could die with it.

Recently this disease found among the COVID-19 patients those who are currently taking treatment and have recovered recently from it. How long does mucormycosis treatment take? As per recent studies and research patients on IV and oral treatment with primary mucormycosis took 102 days, 85 days for those who have shown intolerance to other antifungal treatment and 33 days for the patients with refractory mucormycosis.

Maharashtra more than 2,700 casesGujarat more than 2,800 casesAndhra Pradesh more than 760 casesMadhya Pradesh more than 750 casesTelangana more than 740 casesNew delhi more than 600 cases so far

How long after being diagnosed with mucormycosis does treatment start? Patients those who are affected by Coronavirus (COVID-19), viral disease, immunodeficiency disorders, cancers, chronic disease, other medical conditions or people take medicines that suppress the immune system to fight illness showing symptoms of fever, headache, fever, facial pain, nasal or sinus congestion, swollen eyes or pain under the eyes, and partial loss of vision should immediately seek medical advice to treat suspected infection in the body and organ. Is a swollen eyelid or partial loss of vision symptom of black fungus disease? Patients who are on COVID treatment or have recently recovered showing symptoms including a swollen eyelid is when either the lower or upper eyelid (or both) become enlarged, discharge from the eyes, paralysis of eyelid muscles, fever, nausea, vomiting, facial pain, nasal congestion and indentified as black fungus infection that can affect sinus and can spread to the brain but wherein infection spreads through the bloodstream and can affect other body parts and organs such as heart, spleen and skin. In the most severe cases, the infection goes through the blood vessels into the brain, potentially causing loss of eyesight or creating a gaping hole in the face. If not controlled, not treated, it can have a mortality (rate) of anything from 20% to 50%.

What triggers black fungus?

What is Black Fungus and how does it spread? – Black Fungus or mucormycosis is a rare but dangerous invasive fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes. Black fungus commonly affects the sinuses and lungs but can affect skin and brain.

  1. People can get infected when they inhale the mold spores or touch the mold spore.
  2. A skin infection can occur after the fungus enters the skin through a scrape, burn, or other type of skin injury.
  3. Mucormycosis is not contagious from person to person.
  4. You cannot get it from an infected person.
  5. Most cases of mucormycosis are sporadic (meaning they occur infrequently) but outbreaks do occasionally occur.

Most outbreaks are associated with water leaks, poor air filtration, building construction, and natural disasters. Healthcare providers who are concerned about an unusual number of cases should contact their state or local public health department.

What is the fastest way to cure skin fungus?

How is skin fungus treated? – Treatment for skin fungus includes:

Antifungal creams, many of which are available over-the-counter. Stronger prescription medications, which may work faster. Oral medicines, if the fungal infection is severe.

What kills black mold permanently?

4. Getting rid of black mold with white vinegar – (Image credit: Future) This is a tip from Sara San Angelo, who is known professionally as The Cleaning Lady, She recommends using white vinegar for areas of mold found on porous surfaces – advice that’s useful when you want to know how to clean a clothes closet,

Is Black Fungus serious?

Mucormycosis, also known as black fungus, is a rare but dangerous infection. It’s caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes and often affects the sinuses, lungs, skin, and brain, You can inhale the mold spores or come into contact with them in things like soil, rotting produce or bread, or compost piles.

Diabetes, especially when it isn’t under control HIV or AIDS Cancer Organ transplant Stem cell transplant Neutropenia (low white blood cell count )Long-term steroid useInjected drug useHigh levels of iron in your body ( hemochromatosis )Bad health from poor nutrition Unhealthy levels of acid in your body ( metabolic acidosis )Premature birth or low birth weight

It’s also more likely if you have a skin injury like a burn, cut, or wound. And cases have been reported in people with COVID-19. Mucormycosis isn’t contagious. The symptoms of mucormycosis will depend on where in your body the fungus is growing. They may include:

Fever Cough Chest pain Shortness of breathSwelling on one side of your face Headache Sinus congestion Black lesions on the bridge of your nose or the inside of your mouth Belly pain Nausea and vomiting Gastrointestinal bleeding Blood in your stool Diarrhea

If your skin is infected, the area can look blistered, red, or swollen. It might turn black or feel warm or painful. The infection can also spread to other parts of your body through your blood. This is called disseminated mucormycosis. When this happens, the fungus can affect organs like your spleen and heart,

  1. In severe cases, you may have changes to your mental state or go into a coma,
  2. It can even be deadly.
  3. If you suspect mucormycosis, your doctor will give you a physical exam and ask about your medical history.
  4. Let them know if you’ve been around spoiled foods or other places in which fungal spores are often found.
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If it looks like you have a lung or sinus infection, your doctor may take a sample of the fluid from your nose or throat and send it to be tested in a lab. They might also do a tissue biopsy, taking out a small piece of infected tissue for testing. Your doctor may do imaging tests like CT or MRI scans to find out whether the infection has spread to your brain or other organs.

Amphotericin BIsavuconazole Posaconazole

You get these medications through a vein (intravenous or IV) or as pills that you swallow. Your doctor may start with high doses through an IV until the infection is under control, which can take several weeks. Then, you’ll switch to pills. Let your doctor know if a medication has troublesome side effects like stomach pain or heartburn,

They may be able to change your treatment plan. Call 911 if you experience any trouble breathing, In severe cases, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove infected or dead tissue to keep the fungus from spreading. This might include removing parts of your nose or eyes, It can be disfiguring. But it’s crucial to treat this life-threatening infection.

Complications of mucormycosis include:

Blindness Blood clots or blocked vessels Nerve damage

Mucormycosis can be deadly without treatment. Because the infection is so rare, the exact mortality rate isn’t clear. But researchers estimate that overall, 54% of people with mucormycosis die. The likelihood of death depends on which part of the body is affected.

The outlook is better for people who have sinus infections than it is for lung or brain infections. There’s no way to avoid breathing in spores. But you can do a few things to lower your chances of mucormycosis. It’s especially important if you have a health condition that raises your risk. Stay away from areas with a lot of dust or soil, like construction or excavation sites.

If you have to be in these areas, wear a face mask like an N95. Avoid infected water, This can include floodwater or water -damaged buildings, especially after natural disasters like hurricanes or floods. If you have a weakened immune system, avoid activities that involve dust and soil, like gardening or yard work.

Does fungus turn black when it dies?

Nasty Nail Fungus and the Yuck Factor: – We know that infected nails are ugly. They can start out a pale yellow color. As the nail gets thicker and more brittle, it may become a darker shade of yellow. As the fungus advances, the color may change from yellow to brown. In some cases, a really nasty nail fungus case may even turn black and start to crumble. Clipping such nails becomes a challenge. Fungus on the toes nails. Twisted toes on the foot with calluses. Hallux rigidus tends to affect males foot.

How long does it take to get rid of black fungus?

Black fungus: How infection starts, death rate, treatment, medicine & other key things to know Black Fungus: Key symptoms, risks faced by people with diabetes and the ways to prevent it The incidence of and death toll from are steadily on the rise in India, reports have revealed.

Medical specialists are calling it a ‘pandemic within Covid-19 pandemic’. What is Black Fungus? Black fungus, or, is a complication caused by a fungal infection. This is a relatively rare but potentially fatal condition. The Centre has requested states to make it a notifiable disease. It is also taking steps to address the shortage of B, the drug required to treat the disease Black fungus infections have been detected in most of the states.

While some states have made it a notifiable disease, some like Rajasthan have already declared it an epidemic. Here’s what else we know about this new healthcare scourge: How does one catch black fungus? Primarily, fungal spore floating in the environment give people this infection.

One may also catch it when the fungus “enters the skin through a cut, burn, or other types of skin trauma.”On coming in touch, the fungus can stick to a body part, and after a point travel inward through the nose, sinus or lungs.If the fungus goes in through a cut or a burn, it can cause local infections.

But if it goes in through the sinus, it can affect the eyes and eventually, the brain, leading to a fatal situation. Some doctors think that black fungus took root when medicines were administered to at-home patients without bringing their blood sugar levels under control.

Some others say that it swamped immuno-suppressed systems owing to unclean, unhygienic post-Covid living conditions of patients. According to AIIMS chief Randeep Guleria, doctors under pressure and patients in panic are making the situation worse. “There’s sometimes a knee-jerk reaction among physicians, who choose aggressive medical treatments instead of being conservative,” he said.Mucormycosis cases are also rising because of overuse of cheap steroids — seen in cases where there is a need to bring exaggerated inflammatory response to Covid under control.

Steroids supress immune response, which can increase vulnerability to secondary infections like black fungus.Use of ordinary tap water in flow meters of oxygen cylinders is also being blamed for such fungal infections. Cases may be triggered by “mold-tainted oxygen pipes and humidifiers”.

What are the symptoms of mucormycosis? Some early signs of the condition include “sinus pain or nasal blockage on one side of the face, one-sided headache, swelling or numbness, toothache and loosening of teeth,” says the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). According to reports from various top hospitals across India, patients are reporting “blurred vision, discoloration or blackening of tissue on nose and cheeks and black lesions inside the mouth or discharge from nose.” Who kind of people are more at risk? According to medical science, diabetes patients are majorly vulnerable to fungal infections such as mucormycosis.

So are immuno-suppressed people who have been recently cured of Covid. Particular care is required for Covid patients who are also diabetic. ICMR says that controlling diabetes is among the best preventive measures for this disease.The disease is being majorly seen in people who have recovered from Covid, or are recovering, the Union Health ministry said.Without treatment, it can lead to lethal bloodstream infection.

  • How are black fungus cases treated? After infecting a person, the fungus doesn’t remain static but spreads through the nose, attacks the eyes, and eventually reaches the brain, at which point it becomes potentially deadly.
  • This necessitates multi-discipline expertise to treat it.
  • In a majority of cases, especially if undetected for long, a number of different parts end up getting affected by mucormycosis.

So it calls for a combined team of microbiologists, internal medicine specialists, intensivist neurologists, ENT specialists, ophthalmologists, dentists, surgeons, etc.As part of life-saving procedures, all infected tissues have to be surgically removed.

Some patients end up losing the eye/s and, in some cases, the upper jaw.Patients might need an intravenous anti-fungal procedure spanning four to six weeks. How risky is this condition? The fatality rate in mucormycosis cases is very high. As per data available thus far, mortality is as high as 80% if a patient goes untreated, or remains untreated long.

If treated, it is still 40-50%. In cases where the infection is caught at the the sinus stage itself, patients mostly completely recover.Besides, according to doctors, drugs used for treating this condition come with strong side-effects. That can, in some cases, lead to “kidney issues, neurological dysfunction and stroke”.

Drugs being used in treatment Doctors are currently using for treating black fungus infections. As many as 20 vials of this injection are required to treat each infected person. According to reports, each vial currently costs between Rs 5,000 and Rs 6,000. The availability situation for this medicine is currently alarming, because its supply is controlled by the government.

In its absence, some doctors have said they’ve moved to second-line drugs like, Self-medication is a strict no-no and black fungus medicines must only be used under prescription and medical supervision, say doctors. Also, one must watch out for over-dosage of steroids, they warn.

How do you prevent black fungus?

Thus, to stay safe and avoid black fungus symptoms, wear proper shoes, long trousers, full-sleeved t-shirts, and gardening gloves when out in nature or dealing with soil and manure.

Who is at most risk for black fungus?

It is usually found in people who are immunocompromised.

What happens when fungus enters the body?

Fungal Infections – Protect Your Health Here are 10 questions you can use to understand fungal infections and know what you need to do to stay healthy. are everywhere. Sometimes, they are too small to see with the naked eye. Fungi can live outdoors in soil and on plants, indoors on surfaces and in the air, and on people’s skin and inside the body.

There are millions of fungal species, but only a few hundred of them can make people sick. Mild fungal skin infections can look like a rash and are very common. For example, is a skin infection caused by a fungus—not a worm. Fungal infections in the lungs can be more serious and often cause symptoms that are similar to other illnesses, such as bacterial pneumonia or tuberculosis.

Finding the correct diagnosis can be difficult and cause delays in getting the right treatment. and bloodstream infections are less common than skin and lung infections but can be life-threatening. The more you know about fungal infections and your chances of getting one, the better you can protect your health.

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Where do you live and travel? Fungi that can cause infections are more common in some parts of the United States and world. For example, in the United States, the fungus that causes is found mainly in the Southwest and parts of the Pacific Northwest. and occur most often in the eastern United States. What types of activities are you doing? Harmful fungi can be found in air, dust, and soil. You could inhale fungi during activities like digging, gardening, cleaning chicken coops, and visiting caves. grows especially well in soil that contains bird or bat droppings. Do you have a dog or cat? People can get some fungal infections from, including, which causes skin rashes. In South America, people can get infections from a fungus called from cats, and this fungus might arrive in the United States. If you think your pet might be sick, talk to your veterinarian. Have you recently taken antibiotics? Antibiotics can make women more likely to get a vaginal yeast infection, also known as, Women who are pregnant or those who have weakened immune systems also are more likely to get this condition. Men also can get genital candidiasis. Are you taking any medicine that affects your immune system? that weakens your immune system, like steroids, biologics, or chemotherapy, may increase the chance of getting a fungal infection. Are you receiving chemotherapy or radiation treatments? Cancer treatment, such as chemotherapy and radiation, weakens your immune system. These treatments may increase the chance you will get a fungal infection. Are you living with HIV? People living with HIV (particularly those with CD4 counts less than 200) may be more likely to get fungal infections. Two well-known fungal infections associated with HIV in the United States are (thrush) and, Worldwide, and are major causes of illness in people living with HIV. Are you going to be hospitalized? In the United States, one of the most common bloodstream infections acquired in the hospital is caused by a fungus called, Candida normally lives in the gastrointestinal tract and on skin without causing any problems, but it can enter the bloodstream and cause infection. A type of Candida called is often resistant to antifungal medicines and can spread between patients in healthcare settings. Have you recently had a transplant? People who recently had an or a have weakened immune systems. That means they have a greater chance of developing a fungal infection. Doctors prescribe antifungal medicine for some transplant patients to prevent fungal infections. Do you have symptoms of pneumonia that are not getting better with antibiotics? Fungal infections, especially lung infections like,, and, can have similar symptoms as bacterial infections. However, antibiotics don’t work for fungal infections. Early testing for fungal infections reduces unnecessary antibiotic use and allows people to start treatment with antifungal medicine, if necessary.

Anyone can get a fungal infection, even people who are otherwise healthy. People breathe in or come in contact with fungal spores every day without getting sick. However, in people with weakened immune systems, these fungi are more likely to cause an infection. Estimated Areas With Blastomycosis, Valley Fever (Coccidioidomycosis), and Histoplasmosis This map shows CDC’s current estimates of where the fungi that cause blastomycosis (blue), Valley fever (orange), and histoplasmosis (purple) live in the environment in the United States. These fungi are not distributed evenly in the shaded areas, might not be present everywhere in the shaded areas, and can also be outside the shaded areas. : Fungal Infections – Protect Your Health

What kills fungus completely?

What are antifungals? – Antifungals are medicines that kill or stop the growth of fungi (the plural of fungus) that cause infections. They are also called antimycotic agents. Fungal infections can affect the:

Circulatory system, Respiratory system, Skin and nails.

What naturally kills fungus on skin?

8. Aloe vera – Widely used for soothing the skin, aloe vera is one of the best natural remedies for skin and is also a great healing agent for fungal infections. As it is antiseptic in nature, works against fungus and bacteria, killing them. It can also inhibit the growth of yeast. Thus, it is an excellent home remedy for fungal infections.

How can I boost my immune system against skin fungus?

Consuming food rich in Vitamin C – Vitamin C or Ascorbic Acid enhances our immune system and protects our body from the outside. Foods that have to be rich in Vitamin C like lemon, orange. They help your immune system fight off the fungal infection too. Remember having a strong immune system is the key.

What kills black mold naturally?

For a natural solution for getting rid of black mold, combine one part baking soda with five parts distilled white vinegar and five parts water in a spray bottle. Alternatively, you can use a chemical-based mold and mildew remover, all-purpose cleaners, bleach or dish soap.

What natural remedy kills black mold?

Getting Rid of Mold With Baking Soda – From absorbing odors in the fridge to relieving heartburn, baking soda has a multitude of uses around the house — including black mold removal. It’s safe for your family and pets, and it not only kills black mold, but it also absorbs moisture that attracts mold.

Add one-quarter of a tablespoon of baking soda to a spray bottle of water and shake until it has dissolved. Spray the moldy area with the baking soda and water solution, then use a scrub brush to remove mold from the surface. Next, rinse the surface with water to remove any residue and baking soda. Finally, spray the area again and let the surface dry without wiping.

This will kill any left-over mold and help prevent the mold from returning. For really tough black mold removal, mix two parts baking soda with one part white vinegar and one part water. Stir the mixture until it becomes a thick paste. Spread your mixture liberally onto the surface and let it dry.

Does black mold ever go away?

What Happens to Mold When it Dries Out? – Mold spores become inactive temporarily after they have dried out but can remain a threat as long as they are present in the environment. It can cause allergic reactions and uncomfortable symptoms such as skin rashes, runny nose, itchy eyes, coughing, and sneezing.

  • This usually occurs even if the mold spores are inactive because they can easily become airborne when blown around with the air circulating in and out of the house.
  • Once they become airborne, they can move from one place to another and may end up settling in an area with all the necessary conditions for their growth.

Mold requires moisture to grow but can remain inactive for a while until it is exposed to moisture or high levels of humidity. Without constant moisture, mold will become inactive but they never die unless you get rid of them completely. They can always come back to life in the presence of moisture and multiply rapidly causing serious health problems.

What does black fungus look like on skin?

Symptoms of Mucormycosis The symptoms of mucormycosis depend on where in the body the fungus is growing., Contact your healthcare provider if you have symptoms that you think are related to mucormycosis. Symptoms of rhinocerebral (sinus and brain) mucormycosis include:

  • One-sided facial swelling
  • Headache
  • Nasal or sinus congestion
  • Black lesions on nasal bridge or upper inside of mouth that quickly become more severe
  • Fever

Symptoms of pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath

Cutaneous (skin) mucormycosis can look like blisters or ulcers, and the infected area may turn black. Other symptoms include pain, warmth, excessive redness, or swelling around a wound. Symptoms of gastrointestinal mucormycosis include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding

Disseminated mucormycosis typically occurs in people who are already sick from other medical conditions, so it can be difficult to know which symptoms are related to mucormycosis. Patients with disseminated infection in the brain can develop mental status changes or coma.

  1. Petrikkos G, Skiada A, Lortholary O, Roilides E, Walsh TJ, Kontoyiannis DP., Clin Infect Dis.2012 Feb;54 Suppl 1:S23-34.
  2. Lewis RE, Kontoyiannis DP., Future Microbiol.2013 Sep;8(9):1163-75.
  3. Spellberg B, Edwards Jr. J, Ibrahim A., Clin Microbiol Rev.2005 Jul;18(3):556-69.
  4. Ribes JA, Vanover-Sams CL, Baker DJ., Clin Microbiol Rev 2000; 13:236-301.
  • : Symptoms of Mucormycosis

    Can black fungus make you sick?

    What is the difference between black mold and mildew? – “Mildew” is an imprecise term. Some people use it to refer to the surface stains that molds cause, while others use it to refer to specific types of mold. A note from Cleveland Clinic Black mold is a fungus that grows in warm, damp areas.

    1. Its spores may mistakenly trigger an allergic reaction in your immune system.
    2. An allergic reaction to black mold may cause various symptoms, including coughing, sneezing, congestion and irritated eyes.
    3. However, it rarely makes people very sick.
    4. If you have black mold allergy symptoms, contact a healthcare provider.

    They can conduct tests to confirm a black mold allergy. They can also recommend medications that prevent symptoms.

    Is black fungus smelly?

    Description. The smell is that of dark soy sauce and reduced Chinese black vinegar: dark and pungent. It’s a scent that might make you eager to take deep breaths of it or toss the whole bag out the window. However, once reconstituted in water the smell dissipates and all that’s left is the innocent mushroom.

    How long does it take to get rid of black fungus?

    Black fungus: How infection starts, death rate, treatment, medicine & other key things to know Black Fungus: Key symptoms, risks faced by people with diabetes and the ways to prevent it The incidence of and death toll from are steadily on the rise in India, reports have revealed.

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    Medical specialists are calling it a ‘pandemic within Covid-19 pandemic’. What is Black Fungus? Black fungus, or, is a complication caused by a fungal infection. This is a relatively rare but potentially fatal condition. The Centre has requested states to make it a notifiable disease. It is also taking steps to address the shortage of B, the drug required to treat the disease Black fungus infections have been detected in most of the states.

    While some states have made it a notifiable disease, some like Rajasthan have already declared it an epidemic. Here’s what else we know about this new healthcare scourge: How does one catch black fungus? Primarily, fungal spore floating in the environment give people this infection.

    One may also catch it when the fungus “enters the skin through a cut, burn, or other types of skin trauma.”On coming in touch, the fungus can stick to a body part, and after a point travel inward through the nose, sinus or lungs.If the fungus goes in through a cut or a burn, it can cause local infections.

    But if it goes in through the sinus, it can affect the eyes and eventually, the brain, leading to a fatal situation. Some doctors think that black fungus took root when medicines were administered to at-home patients without bringing their blood sugar levels under control.

    • Some others say that it swamped immuno-suppressed systems owing to unclean, unhygienic post-Covid living conditions of patients.
    • According to AIIMS chief Randeep Guleria, doctors under pressure and patients in panic are making the situation worse.
    • There’s sometimes a knee-jerk reaction among physicians, who choose aggressive medical treatments instead of being conservative,” he said.Mucormycosis cases are also rising because of overuse of cheap steroids — seen in cases where there is a need to bring exaggerated inflammatory response to Covid under control.

    Steroids supress immune response, which can increase vulnerability to secondary infections like black fungus.Use of ordinary tap water in flow meters of oxygen cylinders is also being blamed for such fungal infections. Cases may be triggered by “mold-tainted oxygen pipes and humidifiers”.

    What are the symptoms of mucormycosis? Some early signs of the condition include “sinus pain or nasal blockage on one side of the face, one-sided headache, swelling or numbness, toothache and loosening of teeth,” says the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). According to reports from various top hospitals across India, patients are reporting “blurred vision, discoloration or blackening of tissue on nose and cheeks and black lesions inside the mouth or discharge from nose.” Who kind of people are more at risk? According to medical science, diabetes patients are majorly vulnerable to fungal infections such as mucormycosis.

    So are immuno-suppressed people who have been recently cured of Covid. Particular care is required for Covid patients who are also diabetic. ICMR says that controlling diabetes is among the best preventive measures for this disease.The disease is being majorly seen in people who have recovered from Covid, or are recovering, the Union Health ministry said.Without treatment, it can lead to lethal bloodstream infection.

    How are black fungus cases treated? After infecting a person, the fungus doesn’t remain static but spreads through the nose, attacks the eyes, and eventually reaches the brain, at which point it becomes potentially deadly. This necessitates multi-discipline expertise to treat it. In a majority of cases, especially if undetected for long, a number of different parts end up getting affected by mucormycosis.

    So it calls for a combined team of microbiologists, internal medicine specialists, intensivist neurologists, ENT specialists, ophthalmologists, dentists, surgeons, etc.As part of life-saving procedures, all infected tissues have to be surgically removed.

    1. Some patients end up losing the eye/s and, in some cases, the upper jaw.Patients might need an intravenous anti-fungal procedure spanning four to six weeks.
    2. How risky is this condition? The fatality rate in mucormycosis cases is very high.
    3. As per data available thus far, mortality is as high as 80% if a patient goes untreated, or remains untreated long.

    If treated, it is still 40-50%. In cases where the infection is caught at the the sinus stage itself, patients mostly completely recover.Besides, according to doctors, drugs used for treating this condition come with strong side-effects. That can, in some cases, lead to “kidney issues, neurological dysfunction and stroke”.

    1. Drugs being used in treatment Doctors are currently using for treating black fungus infections.
    2. As many as 20 vials of this injection are required to treat each infected person.
    3. According to reports, each vial currently costs between Rs 5,000 and Rs 6,000.
    4. The availability situation for this medicine is currently alarming, because its supply is controlled by the government.

    In its absence, some doctors have said they’ve moved to second-line drugs like, Self-medication is a strict no-no and black fungus medicines must only be used under prescription and medical supervision, say doctors. Also, one must watch out for over-dosage of steroids, they warn.

    Can I remove black mold myself?

    Black mold removal and cleaning – Mold remediation in stores, offices, or schools is best left to professionals, This also applies to household mold exceeding 10 square feet. The contractors you choose should have insurance and licenses from organizations like the Institute of Inspection Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC).

    Homeowners can handle cleaning about 10 square feet (roughly 3 feet by 3 feet) of black mold on their own.3 If the patch is small enough, a combination of bleach, water, scrubbing, and ventilation should do the trick. Before treating mold on your own, prioritize ventilation and protective gear. Start the cleaning process by opening doors and windows to create a cross breeze.

    Dehumidifiers can also dry up the air and strip precious moisture away from mold growth. Even if you aren’t sensitive to mold, it’s nasty stuff. Be sure to wear protective eyewear, non-porous gloves, and a mask or respirator to protect yourself from getting sick.

    If the black mold growth in your home is small enough for you to treat alone, a simple mixture of bleach and water can help. Add one cup of bleach to one gallon of water and apply it to the moldy spots. You can also find commercial black mold removal products. Soak a paper towel in the cleaner and press it over the mold growth to dampen the area.

    Then start scrubbing. Avoid spraying moldy areas, since the droplets will collide with the mold spores and launch them throughout the room, making them easier to breathe in and harder to eradicate. Be sure to dry the area thoroughly when you’re done. Nobody wants black mold in their home or building.

    1. Follow these rules to reduce the chances of mold on your property.
    2. Flooding, leaky pipes, and malfunctioning appliances can all cause water damage.
    3. Once water seeps into a porous surface like drywall, black mold and its cousins are likely to appear.
    4. Water detectors can help you catch faulty appliances and leaks early.

    If you do find water damage in your home, treat it and cut off the problem area’s water source as soon as possible. You’ll also need to remove flooring, ceiling tiles, or any other material that was affected by the water. It never hurts to clean regularly.

    1. Make sure humid areas and rooms with plumbing get regular spot checks.
    2. Add mold and mildew removal products to your cleaning routine, especially for the bathroom and kitchen.
    3. Mold thrives on moisture, so use dehumidifiers in humid areas of your home like bathrooms, basements, or closets.
    4. We like this Honeywell dehumidifier because it includes a built-in water pump for maintenance-free operation.

    Aim to keep the humidity in your home below 50% to inhibit mold growth and other allergens like dust mites.

    What kills fungus?

    What are antifungals? – Antifungals are medicines that kill or stop the growth of fungi (the plural of fungus) that cause infections. They are also called antimycotic agents. Fungal infections can affect the:

    Circulatory system, Respiratory system, Skin and nails.

    What permanently kills mold?

    Mold Removal Using Bleach – Bleach kills virtually every species of indoor mold that it comes into contact with including mold spores which leaves a sanitized surface making it resistant to future mold growth. However, bleach is only effective if the mold is growing on non-porous materials such as tiles, bathrubs, glass and countertops.

    Bleach is unable to penetrate into porous materials such as wood and drywall which means it cannot get rid of mold growing beneath the surface of these materials. If you use bleach to kill mold on these surfaces it will only kill the mold above the surface. It will be unable to reach the mold within the material and the mold will soon return.

    Bleach is a harsh, corrosive chemical which means it can damage the materials it is used on. It also gives off harsh fumes and produces toxic gases when mixed with ammonia. There are safer alternatives such as borax or vinegar which don’t produce the dangerous fumes or leave behind toxic residue.

    1. Use a ratio of 1 cup of bleach per gallon of water (ie about 1 part bleach to 10 parts water)
    2. Apply the solution to non-porous materials surfaces with mold growth with a spray bottle or by using a bucket and a sponge