Injection For Abdominal Pain
Descriptions – Metoclopramide injection is a medicine that increases the movements or contractions of the stomach and intestines. It is used to help diagnose certain problems in the stomach or intestines. This medicine is also used to prevent the nausea and vomiting that may occur after surgery or after treatment with cancer medicines.
Another medicine may be used with metoclopramide injection to prevent side effects that may occur when it is used with cancer medicines. Metoclopramide injection is also used to relieve symptoms (such as nausea, vomiting, heartburn, a feeling of fullness after meals, and loss of appetite) that are caused by a stomach problem called gastroparesis in patients with diabetes.
This medicine is available only with your doctor’s prescription. This product is available in the following dosage forms:
What is the injection for gas problems?
Pantoprazole injection is used to treat certain conditions in which there is too much acid in the stomach. It is used for short-term treatment (7 to 10 days) of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with a history of erosive esophagitis.
When should I take abdominal pain seriously?
Stomach pain; Pain – abdomen; Belly ache; Abdominal cramps; Bellyache; Stomachache Abdominal pain is pain that you feel anywhere between your chest and groin. This is often referred to as the stomach region or belly. You know that awful feeling: you’re nauseous; your stomach feels like it’s tied in a knot, and you don’t even want to move. What does your pain mean? Well, let’s talk today about abdominal pain. So, what causes abdominal pain? Almost everyone has pain in their belly at one time or another.
Most of the time, a serious medical problem is not the cause, and how bad your pain is doesn’t always reflect the seriousness of the problem causing your pain. You may feel very bad pain if you are having gas or stomach cramps due to viral gastroenteritis, better known as a stomach virus. And some life-threatening conditions, such as colon cancer or a very early case of appendicitis, may cause only mild pain, or no pain at all.
The important thing to know about abdominal pain is when you need immediate medical care. Less serious causes of abdominal pain include constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, food allergies, lactose intolerance, food poisoning, and a stomach virus. Other, more serious, causes include appendicitis, an abdominal aortic aneurysm, a bowel blockage, cancer, and gastroesophageal reflux.
- Sometimes, you may have abdominal pain from a problem that isn’t in your belly, like a heart attack, menstrual cramps, or pneumonia.
- So, what do you do about abdominal pain? Well, if you have mild abdominal pain, here are some helpful tips; Try sipping water or other clear fluids.
- Avoid solid food for the first few hours.
If you’ve been vomiting, wait 6 hours and then eat small amounts of mild foods like rice, applesauce, or crackers. If your pain is high in your abdomen and occurs after meals, antacids may help, especially if you are feeling heartburn or indigestion. You should seek medical attention if you have abdominal pain and are being treated for cancer, you can’t pass any stool, you’re vomiting blood, or you have chest, neck, or shoulder pain. There are three body views (front, back, and side) that can help you to identify a specific body area. The labels show areas of the body which are identified either by anatomical or by common names. For example, the back of the knee is called the “popliteal fossa,” while the “flank” is an area on the side of the body. The process of digesting food is accomplished by many organs in the body. Food is pushed by the esophagus into the stomach. The stomach mixes the food and begins the breakdown of proteins. The stomach propels the food then into the small intestine. The small intestine further digests food and begins the absorption of nutrients. Since the abdominal area contains many different organs it is divided in smaller areas. One division method, uses one median sagittal plane and one transverse plane that passes through the umbilicus at right angles. This method divides the abdomen into four quadrants. Medical personnel can easily refer to these quadrants when describing pain or injury regarding a victim. The appendix is a small finger-shaped tube that branches off the first part of the large intestine. The appendix can become inflamed or infected causing pain in the lower right part of the abdomen. Blood from the aorta reaches the kidneys so it can be filtered and cleaned. Among other functions, the kidneys remove toxins, metabolic waste, and excess ions from the blood which leaves the body in the form of urine. You know that awful feeling: you’re nauseous; your stomach feels like it’s tied in a knot, and you don’t even want to move.
- What does your pain mean? Well, let’s talk today about abdominal pain.
- So, what causes abdominal pain? Almost everyone has pain in their belly at one time or another.
- Most of the time, a serious medical problem is not the cause, and how bad your pain is doesn’t always reflect the seriousness of the problem causing your pain.
You may feel very bad pain if you are having gas or stomach cramps due to viral gastroenteritis, better known as a stomach virus. And some life-threatening conditions, such as colon cancer or a very early case of appendicitis, may cause only mild pain, or no pain at all.
- The important thing to know about abdominal pain is when you need immediate medical care.
- Less serious causes of abdominal pain include constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, food allergies, lactose intolerance, food poisoning, and a stomach virus.
- Other, more serious, causes include appendicitis, an abdominal aortic aneurysm, a bowel blockage, cancer, and gastroesophageal reflux.
Sometimes, you may have abdominal pain from a problem that isn’t in your belly, like a heart attack, menstrual cramps, or pneumonia. So, what do you do about abdominal pain? Well, if you have mild abdominal pain, here are some helpful tips; Try sipping water or other clear fluids.
Avoid solid food for the first few hours. If you’ve been vomiting, wait 6 hours and then eat small amounts of mild foods like rice, applesauce, or crackers. If your pain is high in your abdomen and occurs after meals, antacids may help, especially if you are feeling heartburn or indigestion. You should seek medical attention if you have abdominal pain and are being treated for cancer, you can’t pass any stool, you’re vomiting blood, or you have chest, neck, or shoulder pain.
Call your doctor if you have abdominal pain that lasts 1 week or longer, if your pain doesn’t improve in 24 to 48 hours, if bloating lasts more than 2 days, or if you have diarrhea for more than 5 days.
Why are injections given in the abdomen?
Overview A subcutaneous injection is a method of administering medication. Subcutaneous means under the skin. In this type of injection, a short needle is used to inject a drug into the tissue layer between the skin and the muscle. Medication given this way is usually absorbed more slowly than if injected into a vein, sometimes over a period of 24 hours.
- This type of injection is used when other methods of administration might be less effective.
- For example, some medications can’t be given by mouth because acid and enzymes in the stomach would destroy them.
- Other methods, like intravenous injection, can be difficult and costly.
- For small amounts of delicate drugs, a subcutaneous injection can be a useful, safe, and convenient method of getting a medication into your body.
Medications administered by subcutaneous injection include drugs that can be given in small volumes (usually less than 1 mL but up to 2 mL is safe). Insulin and some hormones are commonly administered as subcutaneous injections. Other drugs that need to be given very quickly can also be administered via subcutaneous injection.
Epinephrine comes in an automated injector form, called an EpiPen, that’s used to quickly treat severe allergic reactions. While it’s intended to be given intramuscularly, epinephrine will also work if given subcutaneously. Some pain medications like morphine and hydromorphone (Dilaudid) can be given this way as well.
Drugs that prevent nausea and vomiting like metoclopramide (Reglan) or dexamethasone (DexPak) can also be given via subcutaneous injection. Some vaccines and allergy shots are administered as a subcutaneous injection. Many other vaccines are administered as an intramuscular injection — into muscle tissue rather than under the skin.
- Abdomen: at or under the level of the belly button, about two inches away from the navel
- Arm: back or side of the upper arm
- Thigh: front of the thigh
Equipment used for subcutaneous injections includes:
- Medication: Vials of liquid medication can be single-use or multiuse. Vials can also be filled with a powder to which liquid needs to be added.
- Syringes: The needles are short, at 5/8 inches long. The thickness of the needle is usually 25 or 27 gauge. There may be other options for doses more than 1 mL or for children or people with visual impairments.
- Auto-injector pen: Some medications are available in a “pen” with a short single-use needle screwed onto the end of a pen-shaped, multiuse vial. The amount of medication needed is then dialed in at the end. As mentioned earlier, emergency medications like epinephrine can also come in this form.
1. Wash your hands. Wash your hands with soap and warm water to prevent potential infection. Be sure to thoroughly scrub between fingers, on the backs of hands, and under fingernails. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends lathering for 20 seconds — the time it takes to sing “Happy Birthday” twice.2. Gather supplies. Assemble the following supplies:
- needle and syringe with medication or auto-injector pen
- alcohol pads
- puncture-resistant container to discard the used needles and syringe (typically a red, plastic “sharp’s container”)
3. Clean and inspect the injection site. Before injecting medication, inspect your skin to make sure there’s no bruising, burns, swelling, hardness, or irritation in the area. Alternate injection sites to prevent damage to an area with repeated injections.
Then you should clean the skin with an alcohol swab. Let the alcohol dry thoroughly before doing the injection.4. Prepare the syringe with medication. Before withdrawing medication from a vial and injecting yourself or someone else, make sure you’re using the correct medication, at the correct dose, at the correct time, and in the right manner.
Use a new needle and syringe with every injection. Preparing a syringe: Remove the cap from the vial. If the vial is multidose, make a note about when the vial was first opened. The rubber stopper should be cleaned with an alcohol swab. Draw air into the syringe.
Draw back the plunger to fill the syringe with air up to the dose that you’ll be injecting. This is done because the vial is a vacuum, and you need to add an equal amount of air to regulate the pressure. This makes it easier to draw the medication into the syringe. Don’t worry, though — if you forget this step, you can still get the medication out of the vial.
Insert air into the vial. Remove the cap from the needle and push the needle through the rubber stopper at the top of the vial. Inject all the air into the vial. Be careful to not touch the needle to keep it clean. Withdraw the medication. Turn the vial and syringe upside down so the needle points upward.
- If you’re using a pen delivery system, attach the needle to the pen.
- The first time you use the pen, you’ll need to prime it to push out extra air in the delivery system.
- Dial a small dose (usually 2 units or 0.02 mL, or as indicated by the package instructions) and push the button to expel the primer.
- Dial the correct dose and prepare for your injection.
5. Inject the medication. Pinch your skin. Take a big pinch of skin between your thumb and index finger and hold it. (Your thumb and forefinger should be about an inch and a half apart.) This pulls the fatty tissue away from the muscle and makes the injection easier.
Inject the needle. Inject the needle into the pinched skin at a 90-degree angle. You should do this quickly, but without great force. If you have very little fat on your body, you may need to inject the needle at a 45-degree angle to the skin. Insert the medication. Slowly push the plunger to inject the medication.
You should inject the entire amount of medication. Withdraw the needle. Let go of the pinched skin and withdraw the needle. Discard the used needle in a puncture-resistant sharp’s container. Apply pressure to the site. Use gauze to apply light pressure to the injection site.
If there’s any bleeding, it should be very minor. You may notice a little bruising later. This is common and nothing to be concerned about. If you’ll be doing this type of injection for more than one dose or for multiple days, you’ll need to rotate the injection sites. This means that you shouldn’t inject medicine into the same spot twice in a row.
For example, if you injected medicine into your left thigh this morning, use your right thigh this afternoon. Using the same injection site over and over again can cause discomfort and even tissue damage. As with any injection procedure, infection at the site of injection is a possibility.
- severe pain
- warmth or drainage
These symptoms should be reported to your physician immediately.
Which injection is best for gastritis?
pronounced as (pan toe’ pra zole) Pantoprazole injection is used as a short-term treatment to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; a condition in which backward flow of acid from the stomach causes heartburn and possible injury of the esophagus ) in people who have had damage to their esophagus and who are unable to take pantoprazole by mouth.
It is also used to treat conditions where the stomach produces too much acid, such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (tumors in the pancreas and small intestine that caused increased production of stomach acid). Pantoprazole is in a class of medications called proton-pump inhibitors. It works by decreasing the amount of acid made in the stomach.
Pantoprazole injection comes as a powder to be mixed with liquid and given intravenously (into a vein) by a doctor or nurse in a medical facility. For the treatment of GERD, pantoprazole injection is usually given once a day for 7 to 10 days. For the treatment of conditions where the stomach produces too much acid, pantoprazole injection is usually given every 8 to 12 hours.
Is Buscopan better than Buscopan?
9. Common questions about Buscopan – How does Buscopan work? Buscopan relieves stomach cramps and period pains by helping your digestive system and bladder relax. It does this by reducing the wave-like contractions of the muscle in the walls of the stomach, bowel and bladder.
- Buscopan helps to treat stomach cramps and period pains, but does not cure them.
- When will I feel better? Buscopan tablets start to work within 15 minutes.
- Talk to your pharmacist or doctor if your symptoms do not improve within 2 weeks.
- Can I take Buscopan for a long time? Do not take Buscopan for longer than 2 weeks unless your doctor tells you to.
Talk to your doctor if your symptoms change, get worse or have not improved after 2 weeks. Your doctor will want to rule out an illness that may be causing your symptoms. Buscopan is safe to take for a long time (more than 3 months) as long as you get advice from your doctor, you take the recommended dose and you’re not having any side effects.
- What’s the difference between Buscopan products? Buscopan Cramps and Buscopan IBS Relief are essentially identical.
- The tablets in each contain the same active ingredient (hyoscine butylbromide) and in the same strength (10mg).
- But the 2 products are marketed differently.
- Buscopan Cramps is targeted at stomach cramps.
It can also be used to relieve period pain and the cramping pains some people get with IBS. It’s only available from behind the pharmacy counter, and can be taken by adults and children over the age of 6 years. Buscopan IBS Relief is targeted at IBS that’s been confirmed by a doctor.
- It’s for adults and children aged 12 years old and over.
- The dose can be varied according to how severe your symptoms are.
- It’s available from supermarkets as well as pharmacies.
- Where can I buy Buscopan? Buscopan IBS Relief is available from most pharmacies and supermarkets.
- Buscopan Cramps is only available from behind the pharmacy counter.
Can I take Buscopan with other IBS remedies? Do not take Buscopan at the same time as other irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) remedies – just take one type of remedy at a time. Can I take Buscopan with painkillers? Yes, you can take Buscopan at the same time as everyday painkillers like paracetamol or ibuprofen,
Are there other IBS remedies? There are other IBS remedies, including peppermint oil (Colpermin) and mebeverine (Colofac). Peppermint oil and mebeverine are also antispasmodic remedies. They work in a similar way to Buscopan to relax stomach muscles and ease painful cramps. Both peppermint oil and mebeverine are available to buy from pharmacies.
Mebeverine is also available on prescription. Will it affect my fertility? There’s no evidence to suggest that taking Buscopan will reduce fertility in either men or women. If you’re trying to get pregnant and you take Buscopan regularly, speak to a pharmacist or your doctor.
- They may want to review your treatment.
- Can I drive or ride a bike? Buscopan can give you blurred vision or make you dizzy.
- If this happens to you, do not drive, cycle or use machinery or tools until it’s worn off.
- It’s an offence to drive a car if your ability to drive safely is affected.
- It’s your responsibility to decide if it’s safe to drive.
If you’re in any doubt, do not drive. GOV.UK has more information on the law on drugs and driving, Talk to a doctor or pharmacist if you’re unsure whether it’s safe for you to drive while taking Buscopan. Can I drink alcohol with it? Yes, you can drink alcohol with Buscopan.
- Can lifestyle changes help? There are a number of lifestyle changes you can make to prevent or ease painful stomach cramps and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS),
- It can really help to understand which, if any, foods trigger your cramps and then reduce or remove them from your diet.
- Common triggers include caffeine, fizzy drinks and fried food.
It can also help to control your stress levels – for example, by doing breathing exercises or trying a relaxation therapy such as yoga, Pilates or meditation. Aim to exercise 3 times a week for at least 30 minutes. Regular activity is good for your digestive system.
Who should not use Buscopan?
My Account Area – The Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) is the leaflet included in the pack with a medicine. Last updated on emc: 07 Dec 2022 Buscopan® 10 mg tablets (hyoscine butylbromide)
Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it again. If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist. This medicine has been prescribed for you. Do not pass it on to others. It may harm them, even if their symptoms are the same as yours. If any of the side effects gets troublesome or serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
1. What BUSCOPAN Tablets are and what they are used for 2. Before you take BUSCOPAN Tablets 3. How to take BUSCOPAN Tablets 4. Possible side effects 5. How to store BUSCOPAN Tablets 6. Further information BUSCOPAN Tablets contain a medicine called “hyoscine butylbromide”.
Stomach Gut (intestine) Bladder and the tubes that lead to the outside of your body (urinary system)
It can also be used to relieve the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
You are allergic (hypersensitive) to hyoscine butylbromide or any of the other ingredients (listed in section 6) You have glaucoma (an eye problem) You have something called ‘myasthenia gravis’ (a very rare muscle weakness problem) You have a suspected or confirmed blockage of the bowel You have a condition where the bowel is blocked and does not work properly (paralytic or obstructive ileus). Symptoms include severe abdominal pain with lack of stools and/or nausea/vomiting You have a very enlarged bowel (megacolon) You are pregnant, likely to get pregnant, or are breast-feeding
Do not take this medicine if any of the above apply to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking this medicine. Check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking your medicine if:
You have a very fast heart rate or other heart problems You have a problem with your thyroid gland such as an overactive thyroid gland You have difficulty or pain passing water (urine) such as men with prostate problems You have constipation You have a fever
If you are not sure if any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking BUSCOPAN Tablets. Check with your doctor or pharmacist straight away if you have unexplained abdominal pain which persists or worsens or occurs with:
fever feeling sick being sick changes in your bowel movements abdominal tenderness low blood pressure feeling faint or, blood in your bowel movements
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines. This includes medicines obtained without a prescription and herbal medicines. This is because BUSCOPAN Tablets can affect the way some other medicines work.
Medicines for depression called “tetracyclic antidepressants” or “tricyclic antidepressants” such as doxepin Medicines for allergies and travel sickness called “antihistamines” Medicines to control your heart beat such as quinidine or disopyramide Medicines for severe mental illness called ‘antipsychotics’ such as haloperidol or fluphenazine Medicines usually used for breathing problems such as tiotropium, ipratropium or atropine-like medicines Amantadine – for Parkinson’s disease and flu Metoclopramide – for feeling sick (nausea)
If you are not sure if any of the above apply to you, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking BUSCOPAN Tablets. Do not take BUSCOPAN Tablets if you are pregnant, likely to get pregnant or are breast-feeding. Some people may have sight problems while taking this medicine.
If this happens to you, wait until your sight returns to normal before driving or using any tools or machines. BUSCOPAN Tablets contain sucrose. Talk to your doctor before taking this medicine if they have told you that you cannot tolerate or digest some sugars. Always take your medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you.
You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure. BUSCOPAN Tablets should not be taken continuously for long periods of time.
Take your tablets with water Do not break, crush or chew the tablets
Adults and children over 12 years
The usual dose is two tablets 4 times a day For Irritable Bowel Syndrome, your doctor may give you a lower starting dose of one tablet 3 times a day. This dose may be increased, if further relief is necessary
Children 6 – 12 years:
The usual dose is one tablet 3 times a day
BUSCOPAN Tablets are not recommended for children under 6 years. If you take more BUSCOPAN Tablets than you should, talk to a doctor or go to a hospital straight away. Take the medicine pack with you even if there are no BUSCOPAN Tablets left.
If you forget a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is time for the next dose, skip the missed dose. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
Like all medicines, BUSCOPAN Tablets can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The following side effects may happen with this medicine.
Allergic reactions such as skin reactions e.g. nettle rash, itching (affects fewer than 1 in 100 people), rash, redness of the skin Severe allergic reactions (anaphylactic shock) such as difficulty breathing, feeling faint or dizzy (shock) Painful red eye with loss of vision
Dry mouth (affects fewer than 1 in 100 people) Abnormal sweating or reduced sweating (affects fewer than 1 in 100 people) Increased heart rate (affects fewer than 1 in 100 people) Being unable to pass water (urine) (affects fewer than 1 in 1,000 people)
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme at: www.mhra.gov.uk/yellowcard or search for MHRA Yellow Card in the Google Play or Apple App Store.
Do not take this medicine after the expiry date which is printed on the packaging BUSCOPAN Tablets should be protected from light and stored in a dry place below 25°C Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children
Each tablet contains 10 mg of the active ingredient hyoscine butylbromide. The other ingredients are: calcium hydrogen phosphate, maize starch, soluble starch, colloidal silica, tartaric acid, stearic acid, sucrose, talc, acacia, titanium dioxide, macrogol 6000, carnauba wax, white beeswax and povidone.
BUSCOPAN Tablets are sugar-coated, round and white in colour. BUSCOPAN Tablets are available in blister packs of 56 and 100 tablets. The Marketing Authorisation is held by: Sanofi 410 Thames Valley Park Drive Reading Berkshire RG6 1PT United Kingdom Tel: 0800 035 2525 and the tablets are manufactured by: Istituto De Angeli S.r.l.
Loc. Prulli 103/C 50066 Reggello (FI) Italy This leaflet was revised in September 2022 439050/GB/7