Leg Pain Tablets
How to Treat Leg Pain – How can you ease the discomfort of leg pain? Your treatment options depend on the underlying cause and severity of your leg pain. Treatment may start with conservative therapies, such as over-the-counter aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen.
- These nonprescription medications can be effective for certain types of leg pain when taken according to instructions.
- You may also consider home care such as drinking plenty of water to reduce leg cramps.
- Stretching and massage can also help.
- You may also try using heating or cold packs, taking warm baths or showers, and resting your legs.
Be sure to wear shoes that support the arch in your foot and are comfortable to wear. Elevate your leg when you sit or lie down. The pain management specialists at The Pain Center may also recommend the following interventional pain therapies to reduce your leg pain:
Prescription medications / medication management Topical agents (creams) Injections such as steroid medications Spinal cord stimulation Nerve blocks Biofeedback Physical therapy (can include exercises, losing weight if necessary, heat and cold therapy, electrical nerve stimulation) Alternative treatments such as acupuncture, chiropractic adjustments and/or massage
Some of the interventional medical therapies we provide at The Pain Center include: Medication Management The pain specialist will prescribe and regulate the medication that you use to help control your pain. The pain management specialist will provide you with the knowledge you need to take your medications properly.
- The Pain Center takes a conservative approach with medication management.
- We try to limit prescription medications to help avoid dependence.
- Steroid Injections One option for treating pain is injections of dexamethasone, a steroid that helps reduce pain and inflammation.
- This can be very effective for arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
Nerve Blocks A nerve block is an injection therapy that reduces pain caused by a nerve(s). This can help treat peripheral neuropathy, diabetic peripheral neuropathy and neuropathic pain. This procedure injects a combination of local anesthetic agents around the peripheral nerve branches for optimal pain relief.
Peripheral nerve blocks may provide relief that lasts from a few weeks to a few months, depending on the patient’s condition. Spinal Cord Stimulation Spinal cord stimulation is an FDA-approved, minimally invasive procedure that requires the implantation of a nerve stimulation device. This treatment delivers low-voltage electrical currents to areas of the spine, ultimately reducing pain signals caused by chronic pain.
Patients living with chronic back or leg pain, who have not responded to conservative treatments for at least six months, may be candidates for this procedure. A trial device is implanted before a permanent device is considered. Contact The Pain Center today to learn more about how we can help you effectively manage your arm pain.
What can I take for leg pain at night?
Leg cramps at night don’t always have a medical cause, but it’s a good idea to see a doctor to rule this out. To help prevent them, stretch your calf and hamstring muscles before bed. Imagine you’re lying down, and your lower leg seizes. The pain is intense enough to make you want to scream.
- It doesn’t let up, and your muscle is hard to the touch.
- When you try to move your leg, it feels paralyzed.
- Sound familiar? According to American Family Physician, nocturnal leg cramps affect up to 60 percent of adults.
- Sometimes referred to as muscle spasms or charley horses, they occur when one or more of the muscles in the leg tighten involuntarily.
Leg cramps most often affect the gastrocnemius muscle (calf muscle) which spans the back of each leg from the ankle to the knee. However, they can also affect the muscles at the front of each thigh ( quadriceps ) and the back of each thigh ( hamstrings ).
You can be awake or asleep when a leg cramp strikes. Most of the time, the muscle relaxes itself in less than 10 minutes. Your leg might feel sore or tender for up to a day afterward. Frequent calf cramps at night can disrupt your sleep. Leg cramps during sleep are more common among women and older adults.
Experts don’t know exactly what causes leg cramps at night. There are, however, known factors that can increase your risk. In most cases, nocturnal leg cramps are idiopathic, which means their exact cause isn’t known. Nighttime leg cramps may be related to foot position.
Sedentary lifestyle. Muscles need to be stretched regularly to function properly. Sitting for long periods of time could make leg muscles more susceptible to cramping. Muscle overexertion. Too much exercise can create an overworked muscle and may be associated with muscle cramps. Improper sitting position. Sitting with your legs crossed or your toes pointed for long periods of time shortens the calf muscles, which could lead to cramping. Prolonged standing. Research suggests that people who stand for long periods of time at work are more likely to experience nocturnal leg cramps. Abnormal nerve activity. According to electromyographic studies, leg cramps are associated with increased, abnormal nerve firing. Shortening of the tendons. The tendons, which connect muscles and bones, shorten naturally over time. This could lead to cramping in the muscles.
Leg cramps at night are unlikely to be the first sign of a more serious medical condition. They are, however, associated with the following conditions:
pregnancystructural issues, such as flat feet or spinal stenosis neurological disorders, such as motor neuron disease or peripheral neuropathy neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease musculoskeletal disorders, such as osteoarthritisliver, kidney, and thyroid conditionsmetabolic disorders, such as diabetes cardiovascular conditions, such as heart disease or peripheral vascular diseasemedications, such as statins and diuretics
Though leg cramps at night can be intensely painful, they aren’t typically serious. Most people who experience them don’t need medical treatment. You can try the following at home to try to relieve a cramp:
Massage your leg. Rubbing the affected muscle may help it relax. Use one or both hands to gently knead and loosen the muscle. Stretch. If the cramp is in your calf, straighten your leg. Flex your foot so that it’s lifted to face you and your toes are pointing towards you. Walk on your heels. This will activate the muscles opposite your calf, allowing it to relax. Apply heat. Heat can soothe tight muscles. Apply a hot towel, hot water bottle, or heating pad to the affected area. Taking a warm bath or shower may also help. Drink pickle juice. Some evidence suggests that drinking a small amount of pickle juice may help relieve muscle cramps. Take an over-the-counter painkiller if your leg is sore after. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory ( NSAID ) drugs such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) and naproxen (Aleve) can help relieve tenderness after a cramp. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) can work as well.
If frequent cramps are disrupting your sleep, make an appointment with your doctor. They might prescribe a muscle relaxant to prevent cramps. If your cramps are related to another medical condition, they can help manage that too. The following tips may help you avoid leg cramps while sleeping:
Drink plenty of fluids. Fluids allow for normal muscle function. You might need to adjust how much fluid you drink based on factors such as the weather, your age, activity level, and medication you’re taking. Stretch your legs. Stretching your calves and hamstrings before bed can reduce the frequency and severity of nocturnal leg cramps. Ride a stationary bike. A few minutes of easy pedaling might help loosen up your leg muscles before you go to sleep. Change your sleeping position. You should avoid sleeping in positions in which your feet are pointing downward. Try sleeping on your back with a pillow behind your knees. Avoid heavy or tucked-in bedding. Heavy or tucked-in bedding could push your feet downward while you sleep. Choose loose, untucked sheets, and a comforter that will allow you to keep your feet and toes upright while you sleep. Choose supportive footwear. Poor footwear can aggravate issues with the nerves and muscles in your feet and legs, especially if you have flat feet.
If you’ve ever experienced leg cramps at night, you know how painful they can be. Fortunately, they’re usually not a sign of a serious problem. Stretching the calf and hamstring muscles before bed may help to prevent nocturnal leg cramps.
Why are my legs painful at night?
Causes of Leg Pain and Cramps at Night – It can be hard to pinpoint the exact cause of our leg pain 3, Some leg cramps are ‘idiopathic’, which means they have no known cause 2, But there are several popular theories around the causes of calf cramps and thigh pain at night,including:
Muscle fatigue – too much high-intensity exercise is one of the most common links to leg pain, as overworking your muscles can cause them to cramp during the night 1 Nerve issues – a pinched nerve or spinal cord injury can put pressure on your nerves, causing muscle cramps in your legs 4 Sitting or standing for long periods – this can restrict blood supply, which can increase the chances of leg pain or cramps 2 Pregnancy – pregnant women often experience leg cramps at night, usually in the second or third trimester 5 Medications – leg cramps can be a side effect of certain medications, such as blood pressure drugs, diuretics and statins 3
Age can also be a factor, as the risk of leg pain and other pains at night increases as you get older 3,
Is magnesium good for leg pain?
Summary – Leg cramps are reported in up to 60% of adults and 7% of children.1 They are troublesome and can cause severe pain and sleep disturbance, 2 and residual pain sometimes occurs in the affected muscles after cramping.3 Up to 20% of people who complain of leg cramps have symptoms every day which are severe enough to require medical intervention.1 Currently no treatments for leg cramps are proven to be safe and effective 1 but there is a clear need for treatment options.
Quinine has been commonly used to treat leg cramps but TGA approval for this indication was withdrawn in 2004 after reports of an increased risk of thrombocytopenia and four associated fatalities in Australia.4 Since magnesium plays a role in neuromuscular transmission and muscle contraction, it has been hypothesised that magnesium deficiency may predispose to muscle cramps.2,5 Thus magnesium supplements are often recommended to prevent cramps.
Does the evidence support using magnesium for this indication?
What disease attacks leg muscles?
Key points –
Polymyositis causes muscles to become irritated and inflamed. The muscles start to become weak. This can make even simple movements difficult.The condition can affect swallowing and breathing.Although it can’t be cured, the symptoms of polymyositis can be managed.
What blood disorder causes leg pain?
Overview – Peripheral artery disease (also called peripheral arterial disease) is a common condition in which narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to the arms or legs. In peripheral artery disease (PAD), the legs or arms — usually the legs — don’t receive enough blood flow to keep up with demand.