Light Cure Unit
- 1 What is the wavelength of the light cure?
- 2 Can a dental curing light burn?
- 3 How does light curing work?
- 4 How strong should a curing light be?
- 5 What is a UV LED curing lamp?
- 6 What is the best nm for resin curing?
- 7 How many Nm should blue light be?
- 8 Does UV light weaken teeth?
- 8.0.1 Is UV light bad for your gums?
- 8.0.2 Why do dentists use yellow light?
- 8.0.3 Will a 395 nm UV light cure resin?
- 8.0.4 What temperature is UV curing?
- 8.0.5 Will a regular LED light cure UV resin?
- 8.0.6 Why can’t you look at curing light?
- 8.0.7 Why do dentists use blue light?
- 8.0.8 What can I use instead of curing light?
- 8.1 What does LED curing light do?
- 9 What is light cure UV resin?
- 10 What does UV lamp curing do?
- 11 Why is UV light used for curing?
What is light curing unit?
Dental Light-Curing Units – Dental light-curing units are handheld devices that are used for the polymerization of visible light–activated dental materials. The four types of light-curing units that are currently available include quartz-tungsten-halogen (QTH), light-emitting diode (LED), plasma arc curing (PAC), and Argon laser units.
QTH light-curing units are the most widely used and are made of a quartz bulb containing a tungsten filament in a halogen environment. QTH units emit ultraviolet irradiation and visible light (broad-spectrum), which is filtered to limit the wavelength output to between 400 and 500 nm while also minimizing heat.
The intensity of light emitted by a QTH bulb ranges from 400 to 1200 mW/cm 2 and can decrease with use. The use of a radiometer is recommended for the routine monitoring of the light intensity, and permitting the built-in fan to cool the QTH bulb is recommended to facilitate optimal function of the unit.
- LED light-curing units emit light in the blue part of the visible spectrum, typically between 440 and 490 nm, and do not emit heat.
- Therefore LED units do not require filters.
- They can be powered by rechargeable batteries because they require low wattage, and they are quieter than QTH units because they do not need a cooling fan.
Initial versions of LED units emitted a lower intensity of light, whereas newer versions incorporate multiple LEDs with a variety of ranges of wavelengths to broaden the spectrum of the emitted light and increase the overall intensity in order to adequately polymerize all visible-light activated dental materials.
- PAC light-curing units contain a xenon gas that is ionized to produce plasma.
- The high-intensity white light emitted is filtered to minimize heat and to limit the output to the violet-blue part of the visible spectrum (400–500 nm).
- Argon laser units emit the highest intensity and emit light at a single wavelength (approximately 490 nm).
The higher costs associated with the use and maintenance of the PAC and Argon laser units has limited their widespread use in dentistry. Visible light-activated dental materials contain an initiator such as camphorquinone (CQ) that absorbs light at the appropriate wavelength (approximately 470 nm for CQ).
The free radicals necessary for the initiation of polymerization are generated when the initiator combines with an organic amine such as dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA). The wavelength, intensity, and duration of exposure to light determine the number of photons absorbed by the initiator and therefore impact optimal polymerization.
Factors such as light-curing unit intensity, angle of illumination, diameter of the tip of the light source, distance from the light source, and duration of exposure can significantly affect the number of free radicals formed, thereby making this system highly technique sensitive.
- Initiators other than CQ are also used in visible light-activated materials.
- Because they absorb light at different wavelengths than CQ, it is critical that the light-curing unit used emits light at the requisite wavelength for that particular initiator.
- Newer light-curing units have higher intensities, typically greater than 1000 mW/cm 2, which permit either shorter durations of cure for a given depth of cure or increased depth of cure for a given duration of cure.
The use of these higher intensity lights can, however, produce higher shrinkage stresses within the restoration. It is important to remember that the type of light-curing unit and curing mode used impact the polymerization kinetics, polymerization shrinkage, and associated stresses, microhardness, depth of cure, degree of conversion, color change, and microleakage in visible-light activated restorations.
- Lastly, precautions such as protective eyewear and light shields are critical for the safety of the patient and clinic personnel when using dental light-curing units.
- In attempts to reduce polymerization shrinkage, resin molecules longer than Bis-GMA have been placed in resin-based composites.
- An example would be EMA-6, which can be found in Filtek Z250 ( Fig.21.9 ; 3M ESPE Dental Products, St.
Paul, MN).39 Problems that may be associated with light-activated resin-based composites include polymerization toward the light source, sensitivity of composite to ambient light, and variability in the depth of polymerization due to the intensity of light penetration.
- Polymerization toward the light source may cause the resin-based composite to pull away from the walls of the preparation.
- Sensitivity of resin-based composite to ambient light may cause initial polymerization before placement of the material into the preparation.
- Variability in the depth of light penetration, differences in curing light intensity, diameter of the tip of the light source, and time of light exposure can result in variations of polymerization.
The benefits of light-activated resin composites include ease of manipulation, control of polymerization, and lack of need for mixing. Since mixing is not required with light-activated composites, it is less likely that air will be incorporated and form voids in the mixture.
How much does a light cure unit cost?
Price of Light Cure Units in INDIA in June, 2023:-
|Product Waldent Maxcure 9 one second Light Cure Unit||Price ₹4,990.00|
|Product IVOCLAR VIVADENT BLUEPHASE C8 (G2) – CURING LIGHT (100-240V) & ACCESSORIES||Price ₹75,754.00|
|Product Endoking iCure Light Cure Unit (1 Sec)||Price ₹3,590.00|
What is the wavelength of the light cure?
Introduction – Over three decades have passed since the beginning of the extensive use of composite resins in dentistry, and the demand for using esthetic restorative materials is still on the increase ( 1 ). Resins must begin polymerization in order to perform operation.
During this process, monomer units bond with each other to build long and heavy polymers. Due to the increased use of optical composites, the importance of polymerization has become more prominent. The strength of these restorations depends on the degree of polymerization of composite resins. Incomplete polymerization produces adverse biological effects, increasing water absorption, composite solubility, and reducing hardness.
Various factors contribute to the polymerization of the composites, and they include the wavelength and intensity of the output of light curing units, duration of radiation, dimensions and location of the dental cavity, direction and distance of the tip of the device (related to the composite), the composition of the composite, the wavelength and bandwidth of the curing light, the intensity of the curing light, the irradiation time, and color and thickness of the composite ( 2, 3 ).
In composite resins, camphorquinone is the light-sensitive component, which responds to irradiation by creating free radicals and initiates the polymerization process ( 4 ). An appropriate intensity of light with the maximum absorption wavelength range of camphorquinone is the main factor in the polymerization of these resins.
If the light output intensity decreases, it will adversely influence the clinical and cosmetic performance. The light intensity of curing devices is defined by the International Organization for Standardization as the ISO 4049 standard, which recommends an intensity of 300 mW/cm2 with a wavelength bandwidth of 400-515 nm on the tip of the light curing device.
- At this standard wavelength, the minimum depth of cure is assumed to be 1.5 mm, which is 50% of the length of the composite specimen ( 3 ).
- The reduction in the light intensity of the device can affect the success rate of the restorative methods via reducing the degree of convergence of composites, which leads to an increase in microleakage and recurrent caries ( 5 ).
The light source for polymerization of composite resins are available in four types: quartz-tungsten-halogen (QTH), light-emitting diode (LED), plasma arc curing (PAC), and argon laser. Halogen-based curing lamps have several limitations. One of the main disadvantages of these lamps is the high energy consumption.
- Only 1% of the consumed energy by these devices turns into light and almost all the remaining energy is converted into heat.
- The heat generated by these lamps should be eliminated, and this requires expensive thermal filters.
- Cooling fans are also loud and bulky.
- Also, the longevity of halogen lamps is short (between 40 and 100 hours) ( 6 ).
In 1995, Mills and colleagues presented solid-state LED technology for the polymerization of dental materials capable of being activated with light. In LEDs, instead of hot strands as used in halogen lamps, semiconductor connections are employed to produce light.
These lamps have a very long shelf life of about 1,000 hours and can withstand mechanical shocks and vibrations with very low error rates ( 7 ). LEDs are also capable of producing blue light at a wavelength of 440-480 nm. LEDs can be cordless and are almost silent while being operated ( 7 ). In QTH and LED light curing devices, the main factors affecting the intensity of light output are: inappropriate performance of the lamp and filter, breakage and pollution of the device tip, the blurring of the bulb, the failure of electrical components, and defect in light transmitting fibers ( 6, 7 ).
In these devices, if maintenance is not carried out routinely, after a while, there will be some problems with the lamp, fan, or power supply ( 8 ). There are two main problems with the quality of cured resin composite in the office: 1) Composite surface hardness is not a reliable guide because even at a low light intensity, the surface can sufficiently harden while the depth of the cure is not adequate.
Moreover, it is impossible for the dentist to distinguish completely-cured composite resin from the one incompletely cured using a device with a low light intensity ( 9 ).2) The output light of the device decreases as the device is used more, but this is not detectable by the unarmed eye because sometimes a seemingly bright light is not suitable for wavelengths.
Furthermore, insufficient radiation intensity is not always compensated for by prolonging exposure time ( 10 ). Therefore, a digital radiometer is needed to measure the intensity of the curing light of the units to determine when the device needs to repaired or replaced ( 11 ).
The aims of the present study were four-fold: 1) measuring the light intensity of light curing units used in the offices, 2) comparing the light intensity of LED and QTH units, 3) determining the relationship between the clinical age of these devices and their light intensity, and 4) exploring the reasons for and the frequency of repairing these units.
The findings of this study underscore the importance of timely fixing or replacing defective light curing devices, which can consequently ensure the continued quality of restorative treatments. This improvement can increase public health in the long run.
Can a dental curing light burn?
Dental light-curing units (LCUs) are powerful sources of blue light that can cause soft-tissue burns and ocular damage.
Is a UV light the same as a curing light?
What’s The Difference Between UV vs Led Nail Lamps? – Both LED and UV nail curing lamps produce light which cures gel polish. The main difference between the two lamps is the technology within them, the type of bulbs they contain, and the type of light they produce. As the bulbs in these lamps are different, they also last for a different amount of time. The bulbs in a UV lamp last for approximately 4,000 hours. The amount of time you have your lamp on obviously can vary from person to person and how frequently they use their lamp, but this typically means the bulbs need to be replaced every 6 months or so.
How does light curing work?
How dental curing lights work – Light curing, or photopolymerization, depends on converting individual resin monomer units into connected polymer chains, thereby decreasing the viscosity of the resin material until it becomes solid. This process is initiated by molecules called photoinitiators, which generate free radicals when they absorb light of a specific wavelength.
The free radicals interact with the resin monomers to change their chemical bonds so that they can link to each other, releasing more free radicals in the process to help the conversion continue throughout the material. The higher the degree of conversion, the more durable the resulting restoration. However, because the process also leads to a degree of material shrinkage, care must be taken to avoid stress at the tooth-composite interface, which can lead to secondary caries.
The degree of conversion is affected by several factors, such as the intensity of the light; the shade, composition, and depth of the restorative material; the distance and angle of the light to the composite; and the time of exposure. In addition, different photoinitiators respond to different wavelengths of light, making the need to choose the right light for the right material critical to success.
How strong should a curing light be?
Choosing the Right Curing Light – In recent years, there have been significant changes and improvements in dental curing lights. Not all lights are the same, so it is important to choose the right curing light for the task at hand. Today, the two most popular types of dental curing lights use either quartz-tungsten-halogen (QTH) bulbs that deliver a broad spectrum of light between 400 nm and 500 nm, or light-emitting diodes (LED).16,17 There are two types of LED curing lights: those that contain blue-only LEDs and provide blue light within a narrow spectral range of 440 nm to 490 nm, and poly-LED curing lights that deliver a broader spectrum of light in the range of 390 nm to 490 nm.16-18 Most manufacturers have stopped making QTH curing lights, partly because LED lights are more efficient than QTH light sources, but also because the incandescent bulbs for QTH devices will soon become scarce as a result of government legislation 19 that will start to phase out incandescent bulbs in 2014.
What is light cure UV resin?
Summary – UV-curing resin is a one-part, nonsolvent adhesive that cures in seconds without polluting the work environment with solvents. It has excellent mass productivity and greatly contributes to shortening the manufacturing process. Return to Adhesive Seminar List
What is a UV LED curing lamp?
LED Light Curing Systems is a relatively new technology that changes a liquid into a solid using ultraviolet (UV) energy. When the energy is absorbed, a polymerization reaction occurs that changes the UV material into a solid. This process happens instantaneously, making it an appealing alternative to traditional drying methods.
- While the LED light curing system is a newer process, it has become more common because of the multitude of benefits that it offers.
- This process provides a more effective curing method for a variety of applications, while also offering advantages for the environment.
- Provides extensive UV curing experience, product knowledge, and technical expertise.
Our products integrate the latest semiconductor technology, optics, thermal, electronic, and mechanical components available. Built with only the highest quality materials, our LED UV curing devices are viable alternatives to older technologies.
What is the best nm for resin curing?
UV LEDs, UV LAMPS, And Finding the Right Wavelength For You – In traditional curing with UV lamps, the polymerization initiator is exposed to a wide range of wavelengths. For example, metal halide UV lamps have peaks, or highest intensity, at 250 nm to 450 nm, and high pressure mercury lamps have peaks at 254 nm, 313 nm, 405 nm, and 436 nm, centering on 365 nm.
- So, with all of these wavelengths being emitted simultaneously, it’s not clear exactly which wavelength the initiator is most sensitive to and activated the most by,
- Instead, it is irradiated with a wide range, and one or more of the many wavelengths within that range causes it to solidify.
- UV LEDs are different – a single LED emits a single wavelength (or a very narrow range) in the range of UV-B and UV-A.
Some of them are 285nm, 300nm, 310nm, 365nm, 385nm, 395nm, and 405nm. UV-B, which contains wavelengths 285 nm, 300 nm, and 310 nm, is still uncommon due to weak illuminance. (You can build a UV LED array to emit more than one wavelength, but we’ll get to this later!) The precise wavelength range of UV LEDs means that it’s crucial to target the wavelength that the material’s polymerization initiator is the most sensitive to.
This can make curing with LED’s far more efficient than with traditional lamps, but it comes with a small problem – because UV LEDs are still somewhat new, the best wavelength for a material is often still unknown, If this is your situation, testing or asking the manufacturer are the best ways to find the correct wavelength.
Some products specify the correct wavelength and illuminance directly, and since material manufacturers have recently become more aware of UV LEDs, this is becoming more common. Our recommendations when testing for the best wavelength: Typically, the best wavelengths to try are: 365nm, 385nm, 395nm, and 405nm.365nm is generally the most common wavelength.385nm and 395nm are frequently used for inkjet printing.
- When curing thickly-coated materials such as UV-curing gaskets and UV-curing putty, for example, 395 nm and 405 nm are common wavelengths.
- It’s also possible to use a UV LED irradiator that emits 2 or more wavelengths.
- For example, some irradiators that we manufacture combine 365 and 385nm, 365 and 420nm, 365 and 405nm, etc.
UV LEDs with wavelengths of 275 nm, 280 nm, 300 nm, 310 nm, etc. in the deep ultraviolet range have recently been competing against each other in the sterilization market. LED packages in those wavelength bands are also available. In the future, it seems likely that there will be more opportunities for UV LED irradiators to be used for sterilizing.
How many nm is blue light?
UCAR (Randy Russell) This diagram shows the relative wavelengths of blue light and red light waves. Blue light has shorter waves, with wavelengths between about 450 and 495 nanometers. Red light has longer waves, with wavelengths around 620 to 750 nm. Blue light has a higher frequency and carries more energy than red light.
How many Nm should blue light be?
The shorter wavelengths have higher energy and a cooler color (blue light is defined as 400-500nm ).
Does UV light weaken teeth?
In addition, UV lighting comes with short and long-term risk factors that are important to make note of. Short-term risk factors include burns and bleeding of the gums, tooth sensitivity and even sunburn to the skin, while long-term risk factors may lead to wear on the teeth’s enamel and even oral cancer.
Is UV light bad for your gums?
Teeth Whitening Hazards to Watch For – Even though cancer is not considered a valid concern, there are some other risks associated with UV light teeth whitening. UV instruments are powerful and applying the light for too long or directing it in the wrong spot can damage soft tissues. It can cause sensitivity or even mild burns on the lips, gums, or tongue.
Care must also be taken to protect the eyes while using UV light. Dental technicians, as well as their patients, should use protective eyewear during treatment. However, if patients experience problems during whitening, it is much more likely to be because of the strong chemicals used rather than the light source.
The solutions allowed at the dentist’s office are much stronger than those in store-bought products. Dentists take special care to make sure the peroxide bleaching solution stays on the teeth and away from the gums and lips. Because of these safety concerns, these strong chemicals and the use of UV and halogen lights for teeth whitening should be left to professionals at a dental practice.
Why do dentists use yellow light?
Introduction – The fixation of orthodontic brackets to the surface of teeth is a frequently utilized procedure in every orthodontic office. Light polymerization, or light curing, is needed in order to physically adhere the bracket to the enamel surface by initiation of a chemical reaction in which the adhesive is changed from a paste to a hardened resin ( 1 ).
The polymerization is initiated through the use of visible light in the blue range of the electromagnetic spectrum to excite the outermost layer of the camphoroquinone that possesses an absorption spectrum between 400 and 500 nm, being most efficient in the 468 to 470 nm range ( 2 ). There are many choices of light curing sources for the photopolymerization of the adhesive in orthodontics such as halogen, plasma arc, argon laser, and light-emitting diode units (LED).
However, only two light sources are used in the dental chair operator light, halogen and LED. Newer models of overhead dental chair lights with LED have settings that use the yellow spectrum of light instead of blue during the curing process. This is an important factor to prevent premature curing of the dental composite.
- In a previous study conducted by Dlugokinski et al.
- Ambient light, which was classified as environmental light present in the room, had minimal to no effect on the curing of the composite resin ( 3 ).
- The author also found that when introducing light emitted from the overhead dental chair light for durations of 2, 5 and 10 minutes, curing of the composite occurred at 60%, 73% and 78% of max cure respectively ( 3 ).
Tiwari et al. ( 2 ) tested effects of the dental chair operator light on shear bond strength, and found that with increasing light exposure, there was an increase in shear bond strength. However, this study did not take into account the duration the samples were exposed to the operator light.
Will a 395 nm UV light cure resin?
What is 395nm UV Light? You may have heard a lot about 395nm UV light, but what exactly is it? The answer to this question can be found in the science of photochemistry. When we talk about UV light, we are talking about wavelengths from 100-400 nm. The most common wavelength used for curing dental resin is 395nm.
- This is because when you look at the spectrum of sunlight, there is an abundance of energy between 200 and 400 nm that will effectively cure your resin.
- But what we’re looking at here is the wavelength specifically.395nm is the best wavelength for killing germs and bacteria.395nm UV light is a wavelength of UV light.
It’s not just any old UV light; it’s specific to our needs. Why do we need to use UV light? Why don’t we just use regular daylight or fluorescent lighting? Well, let’s take a closer look: Daylight has a broad spectrum of visible light. Visible light includes all colors of the rainbow, which means that if you were to shine a white light on something, it would reflect off different wavelengths of light.
These wavelengths include red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. All these colors are present in the sun, so why wouldn’t they work as well as a light source? The problem with using natural light is that the light isn’t concentrated enough to kill germs and bacteria. We need to concentrate on the light to get the same results.
Fluorescent lights also have a broad spectrum of visible wavelengths, but they aren’t very effective at killing germs and bacteria either. They emit only one color of the light (usually blue), which doesn’t provide us with the necessary concentration of light needed to kill germs.
What temperature is UV curing?
Organic adhesives usually contain solvents and various diluents or are composed of two components which must be carefully weighed and mixed prior to use. After these adhesives are applied, it takes heat to drive off solvents and other volatiles and speed the cure or hardening, especially for two-component mixtures.
This thermal curing puts as many as 6 gallons of solvent into the air for every gallon of solid adhesive left. Such pollution is regulated by the EPA and companies are often forced to buy expensive recovery systems with afterburners. UV-curing adhesives and compounds, on the other hand, avoid most of these problems while providing top-notch bonding and performance.
For example, UV adhesives use only one component, so there’s no weighing or mixing before use. This simplifies production schedules by eliminating pot-life problems. UV adhesives are also 100% reactive, so there are no volatile losses during curing and the process is nonpolluting.
- UV adhesives remain stable and usable — even after storage at ambient temperatures for six months — until activated by UV light.
- Activation occurs only when exposed to UV light of 250 to 350 nm, and then the materials cure on demand, letting companies get rid of lengthy ambient-temperature cures or ovens needed for elevated temperature cures.
HOW THEY WORK UV adhesives absorb radiant energy from a UV light source and convert it to chemical energy so quickly that curing is practically instantaneous. So quick, in fact, that substrates experience only a brief, superficial temperature change. This lets companies use UV adhesives on heat-sensitive materials including plastic films, moldings, and synthetic fibers, as well as elastomers and paper products.
- The lack of heat is particularly valuable in electrical and electronic industries where transient thermal changes can degrade a component’s performance.
- In addition, the low heat reduces substrate shrinkage and warpage, and permits additional on-line processing and off-line handling.
- This eliminates having to move parts to cooling racks before they go down the line, along with the space and labor requirements.
Completely reactive UV adhesives are not oxygen-inhibited and have fast curing rates at ambient temperatures and atmospheres, though curing is faster if heat is applied. This eliminates the need for atmospheric control — a nitrogen atmosphere, for example — to get tack-free cures.
- Equally important, cure continues in the dark after UV exposure until all UV reacting species are consumed, thus making economical use of UV energy.
- UV compounds can cure despite cross-section thicknesses up to 0.5 in.
- And more for specific formulations.
- Maximum dimensional accuracy is assured because the compounds cure with minimum shrinkage.
UV-cured bonds remain intact over temperatures ranging from –80 to 350°F. The bonds also stay intact for a long time because they resist most chemicals even in the presence of moisture and heat. For best adhesion, substrates must be carefully cleaned of oils, greases, release agents, dirt, and other contaminants.
In many cases, such as with metals and other inorganics, a simple test determines if the surface is clean. The test involves spreading a few drops of cool water on the surface. If water spreads over the area with a continuous film, parts are clean enough. But if water beads or stays in puddles, degrease the surface with an EPA-acceptable solvents such as IPA or acetone.
Repeat the water test before applying UV-cure adhesives. Polyolefins, such as polyethylene and polypropylene, as well as fluorocarbon polymers such as polytetrafluoroethylene and various chlorinated fluorocarbon resins, require special surface treatments for adequate adhesion.
Will a regular LED light cure UV resin?
1. How to use UV resin or UV LED resin? – UV LED resin and UV resin are used with UV LED lamp and UV lamp respectively. They are the same kind of lamps that are used for semi-permanent nail polish. UV LED resin can be cured by the light of UV LED lamp or UV lamp and sunlight.
- The curing time differs depending on the light source, the most optimal being the LED UV lamp for resin.
- As for UV jewelry resin, it can cure with UV light from a lamp or sunlight, but will not work well with the UV LED lamp.
- Please make sure that the lamp power is sufficient for each resin.
- For LED UV resin, it is best to use a 6-10W LED UV lamp,
A 36W UV lamp is more suitable for UV resin. Curing time varies depending on the resin and the lamp used. But generally, it is about a few minutes, even ten minutes for UV resin. Important clarification: The UV lamp or UV LED lamp will not make your two-component epoxy resin cure faster.
Why can’t you look at curing light?
Over exposure to blue light cure without protective measurements can induce apoptosis to the cornea, increased ocular inflammation and dryness of the eye. The short term risks associated with dental Lights cure is particularly low if safety measures are used.
Why do dentists use blue light?
What is the blue light all about? – Blog We often get the question, “What is that?” from our patients who are watching us wave this “blue wand” over their mouth while getting fillings. This “blue wand” is a curing light. This light is used for polymerization of light-cured resin-based composites or, in other words, the white filling that we put in a tooth. A dental curing light that hardens a white tooth colored filling. History In the 1960’s the first light-cured resin composite was developed. This led to the first curing light. They called it the”NUVA.” The NUVA used ultraviolet light to cure composites. Dental curing lights. Areas of improvement took place in the 1990’s. Resin composites were better and the lights became stronger. The plasma light was introduced in 1998. It was a high-intensity light with a fluorescent bulb claiming to cure in 3 seconds. Our curing light used at Apple Tree Dental in Rexburg, Idaho. Today we use the LED light. While the LED lights have been around since the 90’s they weren’t widely used until the frustrations of the plasma lights were unbearable. LED lights are continually being developed. Dental curing lights only work on resin composite filling. They are not used for silver fillings, otherwise known as amalgam. Old amalgam(silver) fillings. Silver fillings vs. white, tooth-colored fillings So what is the difference between a resin composite restoration and an amalgam (silver filling) restoration? What are the benefits of each? The most obvious difference between the two is that an amalgam (silver filling) is not good at hide-and-seek when looking in the mouth, while resin composite can be undetectable to the untrained eye.
- Thus, for esthetic purposes, many patients opt to use a more organic look for their filling material.
- In comparison, amalgam restorations have benefits of their own.
- Amalgam fillings have been used for over one hundred and fifty years and have (according to one study) been found to be more durable on wear and have greater longevity compared to composite fillings (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3011298/).
While the Amalgam fillings may be considered more durable against wear and tear, they have a tendency to cause leakage into the tooth structure, which will result in tooth discoloration. It’s common for more than 90% of amalgam fillings to have decay underneath them! Another hang up for people with amalgam fillings is attributed to the mercury content within the material. Old amalgam filling with leakage and decay around it. Another problem with amalgam is that it is a metal. It contracts and expands when it is cooled or heated. That same expansion and contraction happens in your tooth as the mouth is heated or cooled. Consider what you eat and drink on a daily basis. Darkening of the teeth due to old amalgam fillings. Like most dental offices, we don’t use amalgam in our office. This is another way we give our patients the best quality and care we can offer. That’s the Apple Tree Dental way here in Rexburg, Idaho: Extraordinary Integrity, Care, and Comfort!
-Megan Southam, RDA Apple Tree Dental 33 Winn Dr Suite 2 Rexburg, ID 83440
: What is the blue light all about? – Blog
What can I use instead of curing light?
Download Article Download Article Gel nail polishes have become increasingly popular for their quick drying time and long-lasting wear. While gel polish can keep your nails looking great for weeks, curing the polish with a UV light can be dangerous for your health. Thankfully, there are alternative ways to cure gel polish with less UV exposure.
- 1 Purchase a non-UV gel polish for an easy at-home option. There are several nail polish brands nowadays that make non-UV gel polishes you can use at home. These gel polishes are applied in the same manner as regular, non-gel polish and are made to cure on their own without light.
- When purchasing a gel polish, make sure that it specifies on the label that the polish does not require a UV light or LED lamp to cure. If the polish doesn’t specify that it’s a non-UV polish, it likely won’t cure without a light or lamp.
- 2 Apply a quick-drying nail polish spray to freshly painted nails. Lay one of your hands out on a flat surface covered with newspaper or paper towels. Hold the can of quick-drying nail polish spray about 6 inches (15 cm) away from your hand, and then spray a light coat over your nails while the polish is still wet.
- While quick-drying polish sprays are generally formulated for non-gel nail polishes, they might still help cure gel polish faster. Be aware, however, that it will still likely take several hours for the polish to harden.
- 3 Spray just-painted nails with canola oil cooking spray. Lay some newspaper or paper towels out on a flat surface before laying your hand out with your fingers spread apart. Hold the cooking spray about 6 inches (15 cm) away from your hand and then spraying each of your fingers with the oil while the polish is still wet.
- Cooking spray can help cure the top layer of your gel polish faster while moisturizing your cuticles as well.
- Try not to touch anything while your nails are drying, as the cooking spray can leave your fingers feeling a bit sticky.
- 4 Hold your nails in ice cold water to harden gel polish. First, let your nails start to air dry for about 5 to 10 minutes. Then, fill a shallow bowl with cold water and a few cubes of ice. Stick your nails into the water, making sure that all the nails are completely submerged.
- While your nails will likely feel completely hardened right when they come out of the ice water, they may not be completely cured for several hours. Therefore, it’s important that you’re careful with your nails for several hours after removing them from the water.
- 1 Put on fingerless gloves or sunscreen to protect your skin. Before painting your nails and curing the polish with an LED lamp, protect your skin by wearing fingerless gloves or putting on a layer of sunscreen. While LED lamps may be less harmful than UV lights, they do emit some potentially harmful rays.
- You can buy professional nail gloves made out of a special polymer that contains titanium dioxide, a sun-protecting ingredient found in many sunscreens.
- You can also use regular fingerless gloves. While they might not protect as well as professional nail gloves, they will protect your skin to a degree.
- LED lamps are generally preferable to UV lights because they cure polish in 45 seconds, versus the 8 or 9 minutes it takes a UV light. However, because they do still emit UV rays, it’s important to wear gloves or sunscreen to protect your skin as much as possible.
- 2 Apply a thin layer of the gel base coat to the nails on one hand. Dip the nail polish brush into the gel base polish. Wipe the brush on the sides of the top of the polish to remove any excess polish. Then, paint a thin coat on each nail on one of your hands.
- Make sure that the polish is applied evenly and that there aren’t any drips or clumps.
- 3 Cure the base coat under the LED lamp for 45 seconds. Once each nail is painted, place your fingers in the LED lamp hand slot. Make sure your thumb is under the lamp as well. Then, set the lamp’s timer to 45 seconds and turn the lamp on. Leave your hand under the lamp until the light shuts off.
- Operating instructions will vary depending on the exact LED lamp you’re using, so make sure you follow the directions for your lamp.
- If your lamp doesn’t have a timer, you can set a timer on your smartphone to help you keep track of the time.
- 4 Paint on a coat of the color gel polish. After the base coat has cured, dip the brush into the color gel polish and wipe it on the sides so it doesn’t clump. Then, carefully paint a coat of the color polish on each of your nails on top of the cured base coat.
- Be careful not to get any polish on your cuticles, as this can impede the curing process and cause your polish to peel.
- 5 Hold your hand under the LED lamp for another 45 seconds. Set the timer on your LED lamp to 45 seconds and slide your hand with the painted nails into the hand slot. Then, turn the lamp on, keeping your fingers under the light until the timer goes off and the polish has cured.
- 6 Apply additional coats of the color polish as needed. If you want your gel polish color to be more opaque, apply another thin coat of polish on each of your nails. Then, cure the gel again under the LED lamp after each additional coat.
- If you get the color you want from the gel polish after 1 coat, you can skip this step.
- 7 Use a gel top coat to protect the color polish. After applying and curing any additional gel color polish coats, apply a thin layer of a gel top coat to seal and protect the color polish. Cure the top coat under the LED lamp for another 45 seconds.
- 8 Rub each nail with rubbing alcohol to remove the sticky finish. Hold a clean cotton ball over the top of a bottle of rubbing alcohol and flip the bottle over to saturate the cotton. Then, rub the cotton ball over each of the painted nails. This will remove the sticky finish left on top of your nails after curing the top coat.
- 9 Repeat this entire process to paint your other hand. Paint the base coat, color coat(s), and top coat on your other hand, curing for 45 seconds after each coat. Since the polish is cured and hardened on the finished hand, you’ll be able to use it to paint your other hand without damaging the polish.
- As with UV-cured polish, gel polish cured with an LED lamp lasts up to 3 weeks.
Add New Question
Question I don’t have a sunlight machine so how do I do it Asher Mott Community Answer Essentially you can’t. You need a UV light to cure or dry the nails. Try checking the specific brand’s helpful tips.
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- Like with a UV lamp, the sun also emits UV rays that can cure your gel polish in the sun. This method is generally not recommended, however, because it can be as harmful as using a UV lamp and takes significantly longer (several hours versus just a few minutes).
- Both LED and UV lamps emit UV rays, but because LED lamps dry your nails faster, your exposure is less.
- Avoid chipping off your gel polish since it can actually remove the top layers of your nails and weaken them.
- Non-UV gel polish
- Quick-drying nail polish spray
- Newspaper or paper towels
- Cooking spray
- Cold water
- Shallow bowl
- LED nail lamp
- Shellac or gel polish base coat
- Shellac or gel polish color
- Rubbing alcohol
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