Pain In Testicle And Leg
Testicles — the egg-shaped organs that sit just below the penis — are often the site of referred pain from surrounding areas. Referred pain can also radiate down the inner thigh. Many nerves, blood vessels, and muscles run through the pelvic and groin region.
- Slight strains or unusual sensations may seem more magnified in this area.
- Where you experience pain around the testicles can also tell you a lot about what might be causing the pain.
- For example, issues like testicular torsion or testicular cancer may cause pain in the testicles, but they’re also likely to cause pain in the groin and lower abdomen.
They’re unlikely to cause pain in the thigh or upper leg. In fact, most causes of pain in the testicle and thigh (or any part of the leg) usually arise from non-urological issues, like pinched nerves, herniated discs, or muscle strain, While these issues are not comfortable and do take some time to treat, they’re rarely an emergency or serious.
- Always seek a medical evaluation for acute and chronic testicular pain, particularly if you aren’t sure of its origin.
- Once a diagnosis is made, an appropriate treatment plan can be put in place.
- Eep reading to learn what might cause pain in your testicle and inner thigh and how these conditions are diagnosed.
There are several potential causes of testicular pain that extends to the thigh, some of which can develop suddenly with no obvious cause. Among the more common causes of testicle and thigh pain are:
- 1 Can testicular cancer cause pain in legs?
- 2 What age is testicular cancer most common?
- 3 What can be mistaken as testicular cancer?
- 4 How survivable is testicular cancer?
- 5 How does testicular cancer affect the body?
Can testicular cancer cause pain in legs?
Testicular Cancer – Symptoms and Signs ON THIS PAGE: You will find out more about changes and other things that can signal a problem that may need medical care. Use the menu to see other pages. People with testicular cancer may experience a variety of symptoms or signs.
- Symptoms are changes that you can feel in your body.
- Signs are changes in something measured, like by taking your blood pressure or doing a lab test.
- Together, symptoms and signs can help describe a medical problem.
- Sometimes, people with testicular cancer do not have any of the symptoms and signs described below.
Or, the cause of a symptom or sign may be a medical condition that is not cancer. Therefore, having these symptoms does not mean that a person definitely has cancer. Usually, an enlarged testicle or a small lump or area of hardness are the first signs of testicular cancer.
A painless lump or swelling on either testicle. If found early, a testicular tumor may be about the size of a pea or a marble, but it can grow much larger. Pain, discomfort, or numbness in a testicle or the scrotum, with or without swelling. Change in the way a testicle feels or a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum. For example, 1 testicle may become firmer than the other testicle. Or testicular cancer may cause the testicle to grow bigger or to become smaller. Dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin Sudden buildup of fluid in the scrotum Breast tenderness or growth. Although rare, some testicular tumors make hormones that cause breast tenderness or growth of male breast tissue, a condition called gynecomastia. Lower back pain, shortness of breath, chest pain, and bloody sputum or phlegm can be symptoms of later-stage testicular cancer. Swelling of 1 or both legs or shortness of breath from a blood clot can be symptoms of testicular cancer. A blood clot in a large vein is called deep venous thrombosis or DVT. A blood clot in an artery in the lung is called a pulmonary embolism and causes shortness of breath. For some young or middle-aged people, developing a blood clot may be the first sign of testicular cancer.
Many symptoms and signs of testicular cancer are similar to those caused by noncancerous conditions. These conditions are discussed below:
Change in size or a lump in a testicle
A cyst called a spermatocele that develops in the epididymis. The epididymis is a small organ attached to the testicle that is made up of coiled tubes that carry sperm away from the testicle. An enlargement of the blood vessels from the testicle called a varicocele. A buildup of fluid in the membrane around the testicle called a hydrocele. An opening in the abdominal muscle called a hernia.
Infection. Infection of the testicle is called orchitis. Infection of the epididymis is called epididymitis. If infection is suspected, a patient may be given a prescription for antibiotics. If antibiotics do not solve the problem, tests for testicular cancer are often needed. Injury Twisting
If you are concerned about any changes you experience, please talk with your doctor. Your doctor will ask how long and how often you’ve been experiencing the symptom(s), in addition to other questions. This is to help figure out the cause of the problem, called a diagnosis.
- If testicular cancer is diagnosed, relieving symptoms remains an important part of cancer care and treatment.
- Managing symptoms may also be called “palliative care” or “supportive care.” It is often started soon after diagnosis and continued throughout treatment.
- Be sure to talk with your health care team about the symptoms you experience, including any new symptoms or a change in symptoms.
The, It explains what tests may be needed to learn more about the cause of the symptoms. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide. : Testicular Cancer – Symptoms and Signs
When should I worry about testicle pain?
When to Contact a Medical Professional – Sudden, severe testicle pain needs immediate medical care. Contact your provider right away or go to an emergency room if:
Your pain is severe or sudden.You have had an injury or trauma to the scrotum, and you still have pain or swelling after 1 hour.Your pain is accompanied by nausea or vomiting.
Also call your provider right away if:
You feel a lump in the scrotum.You have a fever.Your scrotum is warm, tender to the touch, or red.You have been in contact with someone who has the mumps.
Why do I have pain in my groin and down my leg?
We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission Here’s our process, Medical News Today only shows you brands and products that we stand behind. Our team thoroughly researches and evaluates the recommendations we make on our site. To establish that the product manufacturers addressed safety and efficacy standards, we:
Evaluate ingredients and composition: Do they have the potential to cause harm? Fact-check all health claims: Do they align with the current body of scientific evidence? Assess the brand: Does it operate with integrity and adhere to industry best practices?
We do the research so you can find trusted products for your health and wellness. Pain in the groin, upper thigh, and leg can cause severe discomfort. Possible causes include pregnancy, pelvic floor problems, sciatica, injuries, and more. When pain in the groin extends down the leg, it can make sitting, walking, and other tasks uncomfortable. Share on Pinterest Pain in the groin and down the leg may occur during pregnancy or from a medical condition, including fibromyalgia. Pregnancy can put pressure on the muscles. Many pregnant women experience something called symphysis pubis dysfunction (SPD).
- According to a 2012 case report, SPD occurs in 31.7% of pregnant women.
- SPD happens when the ligaments that help align the pelvis stretch too much, causing pain and instability.
- A person may feel a radiating shooting or stabbing pain in their lower abdomen, groin, back, thigh, leg, and perineum.
- The perineum is the area of skin between the scrotum or vulva and the anus.
SPD can get worse when a person changes position, walks, or climbs stairs.
How do you know if leg pain is cancer?
Pain – Pain in the area of the tumor is the most common sign of bone cancer. At first, the pain might not be there all the time. It may get worse at night or when the bone is used, such as when walking for a tumor in a leg bone. Over time, the pain can become more constant, and it might get worse with activity.
Is it normal for a testicle to hurt randomly?
Testicle pain has a number of possible causes. The testicles are very sensitive, and even a minor injury can cause testicle pain or discomfort. Pain might arise from within the testicle itself or from the coiled tube and supporting tissue behind the testicle (epididymis).
- Diabetic neuropathy
- Epididymitis (testicle inflammation)
- Hydrocele (fluid buildup that causes swelling of the scrotum)
- Idiopathic testicular pain (unknown cause)
- Inguinal hernia
- Kidney stones (hard objects that form due to chemicals in urine)
- Orchitis (inflamed testicle)
- Prostatitis (infection or inflammation of the prostate)
- Scrotal masses
- Spermatocele (fluid buildup in the testicle)
- Testicle injury or hard hit to the testicles
- Testicular torsion (twisted testicle)
- Urinary tract infection (UTI)
- Varicocele (enlarged veins in the scrotum)
Causes shown here are commonly associated with this symptom. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis.
What age is testicular cancer most common?
Testicular cancer incidence statistics New cases of testicular cancer, 2016-2018, UK Percentage testicular cancer is of total cancer cases, 2016-2018, UK Peak rate of testicular cancer cases, 2016-2018, UK Change in testicular cancer incidence rates since the early 1990s, Males, UK Testicular cancer is the 17th most common cancer in males in the UK, accounting for 1% of all new cancer cases in males (2016-2018). In females and males combined, testicular cancer is not among the 20 most common cancers in the UK, accounting for less than 1% of all new cancer cases (2016-2018).
- Testicular cancer incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rate ) for males are significantly higher than the UK average in Scotland and similar to the UK average in all other UK constituent countries.
- For testicular cancer, there are few established risk factors therefore differences between countries largely reflect differences in diagnosis and data recording.
- Testicular Cancer (C62), Average Number of New Cases Per Year, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2016-2018
Testicular cancer incidence is strongly related to age, with the highest incidence rates being in the 30 to 34 age group. In the UK in 2016-2018, on average each year only 1% of new cases (1%) were in males aged 75 and over. This is a much lower proportion of cases in older age groups compared with most cancers. The age distribution of testicular cancer cases may reflect an association with pubertal hormones.
- Testicular cancer European age-standardised (AS) incidence rates for males increased by 27% in the UK between 1993-1995 and 2016-2018.
- Over the last decade in the UK (between 2006-2008 and 2016-2018), testicular cancer AS incidence rates for males increased by 7%.
- Testicular Cancer (C62), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, Males, UK, 1993 to 2018
Testicular cancer incidence rates have varied between age groups in males in the UK since the early 1990s. Rates in 0-24s have remained stable, in 25-49s have increased by 28%, in 50-59s have increased by 57%, in 60-69s have increased by 42%, in 70-79s have remained stable and in 80+s have decreased by 48%. Testicular cancer incidence trends are difficult to explain in terms of prevalence of risk factors or changes in diagnostic techniques or data recording. The most common specific location for testicular cancers in the UK is descended testes (2016-2018).
- The number of new testicular cancer cases in males on average each year in the UK is projected to fall from around 2,400 cases in 2023-2025 to around 2,300 cases in 2038-2040.
- Testicular cancer incidence rates are projected to fall by 6% in the UK between 2023-2025 and 2038-2040, to 7 cases per 100,000 males on average each year by 2038-2040.
- Testicular cancer (C62), Observed and Projected Age-Standardised Incidence Rates, UK, 1993-2040
- Testicular cancer incidence rates (European age-standardised (AS) rates ) in England in males are 16% lower in the most deprived quintile compared with the least (2013-2017).
- It is estimated that there are around 190 more cases of testicular cancer each year in England than there would be if every deprivation quintile had the same age-specific crude incidence rates as the least deprived quintile.
- Testicular Cancer (C62), Estimated Average Number of Fewer Cases per Year, by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2013-2017
- Testicular Cancer (C62), European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2013-2017
: Testicular cancer incidence statistics
What can be mistaken as testicular cancer?
A variety of conditions can cause signs and symptoms that are similar to those seen in testicular cancer. This can include testicular torsion, epididymitis, epididymoorchitis, hydrocele, varicocele, hematoma, spermatocele, and syphilitic gumma.
When should I be concerned about groin and leg pain?
Groin pain is discomfort that happens where the inside of your upper thigh and your abdomen come together. It’s not the same as pain in your testicles, though that can sometimes cause pain that can spread to your groin. Most often, groin pain is the result of a muscle, ligament, or tendon strain,
- This happens to a lot of men who play sports.
- The pain may happen right away, or it could build over time.
- Continuing the sport or activity may make the injury worse.
- There are other conditions that can cause groin pain, including: Inguinal hernia: This happens when fat or a loop of your intestine pushes through a weak spot in the muscles of your lower abdomen (belly).
You may see a bulge in your groin or scrotum. One quarter of all men will develop this problem sometime during their lifetime. If the intestine or fat gets stuck in the abdominal muscle wall, its blood supply may get cut off. That’s called a strangulated hernia,
Redness or sudden pain near the bulgeYou can’t poop or pass gas Nausea, vomiting, fever
Get urgent care if you have any of these symptoms. A strangulated hernia is a life-threatening emergency. Surgery can fix a hernia. Prostatitis : This is swelling or infection in your prostate gland, In addition to pain, you may have a hard time peeing.
Pain on one side of the scrotum that comes on slowly.Pain while peeingFeverMilky discharge from your penis
Orchitis : It’s swelling in one or both testicles that can cause fertility problems. The same infection that’s behind epididymitis may cause orchitis. The two conditions can happen at the same time. Sometimes, the mumps virus triggers orchitis. If bacteria is the cause of either condition, an antibiotic can clear it up.
Testicular torsion : This happens when a testicle gets twisted inside your scrotum. It may feel like you got kicked in the crotch. It’s a medical emergency. The twisting (torsion) cuts off the blood supply to your testicle. If it’s not surgically untwisted within a few hours, your testicle can die. It happens most often in teen boys.
Testicular cancer : Most of the time, this cancer causes a painless lump in or on your testicle. But sometimes, it’s painful. It’s not a common cancer. If it’s found early, it’s almost always treated and cured. Hip problems: Sometimes, hip pain from arthritis or another problem can radiate to your groin.
It usually builds slowly and may feel worse when you’re driving or sitting in a low chair. Usually, a doctor will try physical therapy and anti-inflammatory medications first to treat the problem. You may need an operation if these don’t work. Kidney stones : These are small crystals that form in your kidney and can get stuck in tubes leading to your bladder,
The pain can be severe. It’s usually in your back or belly, but it can be in your scrotum or at the tip of your penis, too. If the stone is really big, you may need surgery. Kidney infection : This usually happens when an infection travels from your bladder and enters one or both of your kidneys.
Testicle pain that’s sudden or intensePain that radiates to your back, abdomen, or chestDiscomfort along with fever, chills, and nausea
Make an appointment with your doctor if:
The groin pain is very bad, or it doesn’t get better in a few days.There’s swelling or a lump around or in your testicle.Pain in your side moves into your groin and testicle.There’s blood in your urine,
If you think you may have groin pain, your doctor will ask:
When the pain startedWhat activities you do regularlyIf anything makes your pain better or worse.
Your doctor will also want to give you a physical exam to rule out other conditions. They’ll also test things like your range of motion and your strength. If they think you might have a groin injury, they may use imaging tests like X-ray and ultrasound to find the problem.
- If another medical condition causes your groin pain, your doctor will treat that first with medicines, surgery, or both.
- If a strain causes your groin pain, your doctor can recommend a physical therapist.
- They can help you do a mix of stretching and strengthening exercises.
- They can also wrap your groin area, either with compression clothing or with athletic tape, to help ease swelling.
In some cases, they can also teach you how to wrap your groin area yourself. Over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help you feel better, too. If your injury is more serious, your doctor can prescribe stronger pain relievers.
Pause any athletic activities that you normally do to give your groin a chance to heal. For many, rest is the most important thing you can do to help your pain go away.Put ice where you feel pain using either an ice pack wrapped in cloth or a bag of frozen peas. You should do this for 20 to 30 minutes a few times a day for a few days, or until swelling goes down.
In some cases of groin pain due to strain, if other treatments don’t work, you may need surgery to feel better. Groin pulls can be painful, and they can keep you away from activities you love. There are ways that you can help prevent groin pulls that result from strains:
Warm up your legs and groin muscles before any physical activity, A light jog or other activities to get your body temperature up can lower your chances of muscle stains.Wear shoes that are comfortable with good support.Raise the intensity of your training slowly.Stop exercising if you feel pain or tightness in your groin or the inside of your thigh.Do regular strengthening exercises for your thigh muscles, especially if you’ve had a groin pull before.
Ask your doctor about other things you can do to make groin pulls less likely.
Is testicular cancer easy to survive?
Survival for all stages of testicular cancer – The outlook for testicular cancer is one of the best for all cancers. Nearly all men survive their disease. Generally in England:
more than 95 out of 100 men (more than 95%) will survive their cancer for 1 year or more after they are diagnosed 95 out of 100 men (95%) will survive their cancer for 5 years or more after diagnosis around 90 out of 100 men (around 90%) will survive their cancer for 10 years or more after diagnosis
Cancer survival by stage at diagnosis for England, 2019 Office for National Statistics These figures are for people diagnosed in England between 2013 and 2017. These statistics are for net survival. Net survival estimates the number of people who survive their cancer rather than calculating the number of people diagnosed with cancer who are still alive.
How survivable is testicular cancer?
What is the survival rate for testicular cancer? – There are different types of statistics that can help doctors evaluate a person’s chance of recovery from testicular cancer. These are called survival statistics. A specific type of survival statistic is called the relative survival rate.
It is often used to predict how having cancer may affect life expectancy. Relative survival rate looks at how likely people with testicular cancer are to survive for a certain amount of time after their initial diagnosis or start of treatment compared to the expected survival of similar people without this cancer.
Example: Here is an example to help explain what a relative survival rate means. Please note this is only an example and not specific to this type of cancer. Let’s assume that the 5-year relative survival rate for a specific type of cancer is 90%. “Percent” means how many out of 100.
- Imagine there are 1,000 people without cancer, and based on their age and other characteristics, you expect 900 of the 1,000 to be alive in 5 years.
- Also imagine there are another 1,000 people similar in age and other characteristics as the first 1,000, but they all have the specific type of cancer that has a 5-year survival rate of 90%.
This means it is expected that 810 of the people with the specific cancer (90% of 900) will be alive in 5 years. It is important to remember that statistics on the survival rates for people with testicular cancer are only an estimate. They cannot tell an individual person if cancer will or will not shorten their life.
- Instead, these statistics describe trends in groups of people previously diagnosed with the same disease, including specific stages of the disease.
- The 5-year relative survival rate for testicular cancer in the United States is 95%.
- The survival rates for testicular cancer vary based on several factors.
These include the stage of cancer, a person’s age and general health, and how well the treatment plan works. The survival rate is higher for people diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for those with later-stage cancer. For testicular cancer that has not spread beyond the testicles (stage 1), the 5-year relative survival rate is 99%.
For testicular cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes in the back of the abdomen, called the retroperitoneal lymph nodes, the 5-year relative survival rate is 96%. But this depends on the size of the lymph nodes with cancer. For testicular cancer that has spread outside the testicles to areas beyond the retroperitoneal lymph nodes, such as to the lungs or other organs, the 5-year relative survival rate is 73%.
Experts measure relative survival rate statistics for testicular cancer every 5 years. This means the estimate may not reflect the results of advancements in how testicular cancer is diagnosed or treated from the last 5 years. Talk with your doctor if you have any questions about this information.
Learn more about understanding statistics, Statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society’s (ACS) publications, Cancer Facts & Figures 2023 and Cancer Facts & Figures 2020, the ACS website, the International Agency for Research on Cancer website, and the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program.
(All sources accessed March 2023.) The next section in this guide is Medical Illustrations, It offers drawings of body parts often affected by testicular cancer. Use the menu to choose a different section to read in this guide.
How long can you survive with testicular cancer?
The testicular cancer survival rate is exceptionally high. Patients who are diagnosed with localized cancer (cancer that has not spread outside of the testicle) have a 99 percent five-year survival rate, meaning that 99 percent of patients live at least five years after their diagnosis.
Where is leukemia leg pain?
Leukemia or Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) – Some people with leukemia or myelodysplastic syndromes have bone or joint pain. This bone pain is most often felt in the long bones of the arms and legs, in the ribs and in the breastbone. Joint pain and swelling of the large joints, like the hips and shoulders, sometimes starts several weeks after bone pain begins.
People with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and hairy cell leukemia (HCL) sometimes have pain or feel full below the ribs on their left side. This happens when cancer cells build up in the spleen and cause it to swell (enlarge). The spleen is a small organ in the upper left part of the body under the ribcage.
It acts primarily as a filter for your blood.
Why does cancer cause leg pain?
Chronic pain – Chronic pain can be due to changes to the nerves. Nerve changes may be due to cancer pressing on nerves or due to chemicals produced by a tumour. It can also be caused by nerve changes due to cancer treatment. Chronic pain continues long after the injury or treatment is over and can range from mild to severe.
Where is the pain located with testicular cancer?
Lump or swelling in the testicle – Most often, the first symptom of testicular cancer is a lump on the testicle, or the testicle becomes swollen or larger, (It’s normal for one testicle to be slightly larger than the other, and for one to hang lower than the other.) Some testicular tumors might cause pain, but most of the time they don’t.
How do you know if testicular cancer has spread?
Symptoms of metastatic testicular cancer can include: a persistent cough. coughing or spitting up blood. shortness of breath.
How does testicular cancer affect the body?
If You Have Testicular Cancer | Testicular Cancer Basic Guide Cancer can start any place in the body. Testicular cancer starts in the testicles, which make hormones and sperm in men. It starts when cells in the testicles grow out of control and crowd out normal cells.
This makes it hard for the body to work the way it should. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body. Cancer cells in the testicles can sometimes travel to the lungs and grow there. When cancer cells do this, it’s called metastasis, To doctors, the cancer cells in the new place look just like the ones from the testicles.
Cancer is always named for the place where it starts. So when testicular cancer spreads to the lung (or any other place), it’s still called testicular cancer. It’s not called lung cancer unless it starts from cells in the lung. Ask your doctor to use this picture to show you where the cancer is.