Sharp Pain In Finger Joint When Pressed
Treatment – The exact cause of ganglion cysts remains unknown. However, researchers believe these soft tissue masses develop from connective tissue injuries and chronic conditions that affect the joints, such as arthritis. Ganglion cysts typically resolve without medical intervention.
Doctors tend to reserve treatment for ganglion cysts that cause pain or affect mobility. Depending on its location, a doctor can drain or surgically remove a ganglion cyst. Arthritis is a general term for conditions that lead to joint inflammation, pain, and stiffness. As a result, these conditions will likely cause pain and discomfort when a person presses on their finger.
Two common types of arthritis include osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis involves the loss of cartilage, which is the tissue that lines the joints. It is also the most common form of arthritis, especially among adults over the age of 50,
It usually develops in either the base of the thumb, the top joint near the tip of the finger, or the middle joint of a finger. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory condition that occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. Other types of arthritis include juvenile arthritis, gout, lupus, psoriatic arthritis, and Raynaud’s phenomenon.
Symptoms of arthritis include:
joint pain and swellingjoint stiffness that lasts around 30 minutes, especially in the morning difficulty walking, sitting, or standing uploss of mobility in the small joint of the hands and fingersdifficulty performing fine motor tasks, such as gripping and tying shoelaces
Why do I get a sharp pain when I press on my finger?
Treatment – People with mild symptoms may not require treatment. However, for more severe symptoms, a doctor may recommend surgery to remove the cords to allow the fingers to straighten. A person should see a doctor for any pain that impacts their ability to carry out their daily activities or job.
- It is important for people to seek prompt medical attention for suspected fractures, dislocations, and wound infections.
- To diagnose the cause of finger pain, a doctor will typically review a person’s symptoms and medical history and conduct a physical examination of the affected finger.
- They may also order imaging and blood tests to help with their diagnosis.
Self-care measures for finger pain may include:
applying an ice pack to the affected area for up to 20 minutes at a timeresting the finger as much as possibleprotecting and immobilizing the affected finger using a splint or by buddy taping itkeeping the finger elevated above the level of the heart to reduce swellingtaking OTC pain relievers, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen
Finger pain is often the result of minor injuries. People can often treat finger pain at home with rest and immobilization. However, severe, worsening, or recurring pain may be the sign of a more serious injury or an underlying condition. Possible causes of finger pain include tendon conditions, arthritis, ganglion cysts, and infections.
What is joint pain in one finger only?
If you have pain in only your middle finger knuckle joint –
It could be a symptom of an early onset of arthritis. Pain in only one joint is called monoarticular pain. In most cases, monoarticular pain is the first symptom you experience a condition. You should practice different exercises that help increase flexibility and mobility of your joints. Applying ice to the joint can help reduce pain as well.
What happens if your finger hurts when you touch it?
Finger pain is pain in one or more fingers. Injuries and many medical conditions can cause finger pain. Nearly everyone has had finger pain at some time. You may have:
TendernessBurningStiffnessNumbnessTinglingColdnessSwellingChange in skin colorRedness
Many conditions, such as arthritis, can cause finger pain. Numbness or tingling in the fingers may be a sign of a problem with nerves or blood flow. Redness and swelling can be a sign of infection or inflammation. Injuries are a common cause of finger pain. Your finger may become injured from:
Playing contact sports such as football, baseball, or soccerDoing recreational activities such as skiing or tennisUsing machinery at home or workDoing tasks at home, such as cooking, gardening, cleaning, or repairsFallingGetting into a fist fight or punching somethingDoing repetitive movements like typing
Injuries that can cause finger pain include:
Smashed fingers, such as from a hammer blow or a car door that crushes the finger. Compartment syndrome, which is severe swelling and pressure in an area of muscles, nerves, and blood vessels. A crushing injury can cause this serious condition, which requires immediate medical attention. Mallet finger, when you can’t straighten your finger. Sports injuries are a common cause. Finger strains, sprains, and bruises, Broken finger bones, Skier’s thumb, an injury to the ligaments in your thumb, such as from a fall during skiing. Cuts and puncture wounds, Dislocation,
Certain conditions can also cause finger pain:
Arthritis, the breakdown of cartilage in the joint that causes inflammation with pain, stiffness, and swelling. Carpal tunnel syndrome, pressure on the median nerve in the wrist, causing numbness and pain in the hand and fingers. Raynaud phenomenon, a condition that results in blocked blood flow to the fingers when it is cold. Trigger finger, when a swollen finger tendon makes it hard to straighten or bend your finger. Dupuytrens contracture, which causes tissue in the palm of the hand to become tighter. This makes it hard to straighten the fingers. It usually affects the small or ring finger.De Quervain tenosynovitis, which causes pain in the tendons along the thumb side of the wrist, most often from overuse.Infections.Tumors.
Often, care at home is enough to relieve finger pain. Start by avoiding activities that cause finger pain. If finger pain is due to a minor injury:
Remove any rings in case of swelling.Rest the finger joints so they can heal.Apply ice and elevate the finger.Use over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen (Motrin) or naproxen (Aleve) to reduce both pain and swelling.If needed, buddy tape the injured finger to the one next to it. This will help protect the injured finger as it heals. Don’t tape it too tight, which can cut off circulation.If you have a lot of swelling or the swelling does not go away in a day or so, see your health care provider. Small fractures or tendon or ligament tears can occur, and can lead to problems in the future if not treated correctly.
If finger pain is due to a medical condition, follow your provider’s instructions for self-care. For example, if you have Raynaud phenomenon, take steps to protect your hands from the cold. Contact your provider if:
Your finger pain is caused by severe injuryYour finger is deformedThe problem continues after 1 week of home treatmentYou have numbness or tingling in your fingersYou have severe pain at restYou can’t straighten your fingersYou have redness, swelling, or fever
The provider will do a physical exam, which will include looking at your hand and finger movement. You will be asked questions about your medical history and symptoms. You may have an x-ray of your hand. Treatment depends on the cause of the problem. Donohue KW, Fishman FG, Swigart CR.
- Hand and wrist pain.
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Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2023:chap 42. Stockburger CL, Calfee RP. Digit fractures and dislocations. In: Miller MD, Thompson SR. eds. DeLee, Drez, & Miller’s Orthopaedic Sports Medicine,5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 74. Updated by: Linda J.
Will finger joint pain go away?
Overview Sometimes, you have pain in your finger joint that is most noticeable when you press it. If pressure intensifies the discomfort, the joint pain might be more problematic than originally thought and might require specific treatment. Before you can decide on the best treatment, it’s important to determine what’s causing the pain.
Sprain or strain. Finger sprains or strains are common. A sprain occurs when your finger ligaments become stretched or torn. A strain occurs when your muscle or tendon becomes stretched. These can occur during a sport, a fall, lifting something in an awkward way, and other activities. Symptoms include joint pain and swelling. Dislocated joint. A dislocated finger joint occurs when the bones are no longer in the correct position. The bones will need to be put back into place by a medical professional. Fractures or breaks. Fractures and breaks affect the finger bone itself. If a fracture or a break occurs close to a finger joint, pain can occur when using or pressing on your fingers. Symptoms include joint pain, numbness, and limited mobility, Arthritis. Arthritis often affects the hands and fingers. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common type of arthritis that causes symptoms such as misshapen finger joints, pain, and stiffness. Metastases. Bone metastases are tumors that occur when cancer cells spread into bone tissue. These are rare and typically occur in cancer patients. Symptoms include bone pain and weakness in limbs,
With strains or sprains, you can often treat the injury at home. However, if you’re experiencing extreme swelling or pain, you should see your doctor. If the pain in your finger joint is minor, try these home remedies to relieve the pain and help your finger joint heal:
Rest your finger joints. Continued activity will aggravate the injury. Apply ice to the injury to help with pain and swelling.Use pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen,Use topical pain relief cream or ointment.Use a topical counterirritant cream or ointment with menthol or capsaicin.Tape your injured finger to a healthy one to provide support.
If you’re diagnosed with arthritis, your doctor might provide you with a personalized treatment plan. Treatment plans for arthritis in the hands may include:
medication such as analgesics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs ( DMARDs ), or corticosteroidssurgery such as joint repair, joint replacement, or joint fusion physical therapy
You should contact your doctor for an X-ray if you experience any of the following:
severe pain when still numbness or tingling inability to straighten or bend fingers fever visible bonepain that does not stop after 1-2 weeks of home treatment
In the case of extreme finger joint pain, diagnosis often includes an X-ray of the area. This will help to determine if your finger is broken. Pain in your finger joint could be due to a minor sprain or strain in your finger. With 1-2 weeks of home treatment, your finger pain should improve.
How do you test for arthritis in your hands?
How is arthritis in the hand diagnosed? – Your healthcare provider can make the diagnosis of arthritis of the hand by examining your hand and with X-rays. X-rays show loss of bone cartilage and formation of bone spurs. A blood test for rheumatoid factor and other markers can help determine if the cause is rheumatoid arthritis.
Why does my finger hurt when I press down on my nail?
When to seek medical treatment – Several signs indicate the need for treatment by a doctor. They include:
persistent or irritated ingrown fingernailsfeverincrease in finger swellingrednesswarmth around the area
These may be treated by:
prescribing antibiotics or steroidstaping the nailinserting a small piece of cotton under the nailperforming a procedure that removes part or all of the nail
You might experience pain when pressing on your nail if it is torn or cracked, which can reveal your nail bed. This can be painful before new skin grows to cover the open and raw area. New skin will grow after a week, and the nail should regenerate or grow over the tender spot after a month or two.